Preserved autonomic function in patients with POEMS syndrome.
We systematically performed autonomic testing on patients with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein and skin changes syndrome (POEMS) to determine whether autonomic function is preserved in such patients.
We studied 17 POEMS patients, 17 diabetic neuropathy (DN) patients and 17 age-matched normal subjects. Blood pressure responses to the head-up tilt test and heart rate variability were used to evaluate cardiovascular autonomic function. Sweat responses and cutaneous vasoconstriction to several stimuli were recorded via the finger tips to estimate cutaneous sympathetic function. In addition, motor nerve conduction studies were performed.
Although the results of the autonomic testing were normal in POEMS patients, motor disability was severe, and motor nerve conduction studies provided evidence of extensive axonal loss. The DN patients showed significantly impaired autonomic responses despite mild motor dysfunction.
Autonomic function was normal in POEMS patients, indicating the preservation of autonomic fibers and selective involvement of large fibers.
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.
SourceJournal of the neurological sciences 318:1-2 2012 Jul 15 pg 131-4
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
Predictive Value of Tests
Sensitivity and Specificity
Pub Type(s)Journal Article