Comparison of PPIs and H2-receptor antagonists plus prokinetics for dysmotility-like dyspepsia.
To compare efficacy of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) with H(2)-receptor antagonists (H(2)RAs) plus prokinetics (Proks) for dysmotility-like symptoms in functional dyspepsia (FD).
Subjects were randomized to receive open-label treatment with either rabeprazole 10 mg od (n = 57) or famotidine 10 mg bid plus mosapride 5 mg tid (n = 57) for 4 wk. The primary efficacy endpoint was change (%) from baseline in total dysmotility-like dyspepsia symptom score. The secondary efficacy endpoint was patient satisfaction with treatment.
The improvement in dysmotility-like dyspepsia symptom score on day 28 was significantly greater in the rabeprazole group (22.5% ± 29.2% of baseline) than the famotidine + mosapride group (53.2% ± 58.6% of baseline, P < 0.0001). The superior benefit of rabeprazole treatment after 28 d was consistent regardless of Helicobacter pylori status. Significantly more subjects in the rabeprazole group were satisfied or very satisfied with treatment on day 28 than in the famotidine + mosapride group (87.7% vs 59.6%, P = 0.0012). Rabeprazole therapy was the only significant predictor of treatment response (P < 0.0001), defined as a total symptom score improvement ≥ 50%.
PPI monotherapy improves dysmotility-like symptoms significantly better than H(2)RAs plus Proks, and should be the treatment of first choice for Japanese FD.
Department of Gastroenterology, Moriguchi Keijinkai Hospital, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan. email@example.com
SourceWorld journal of gastroenterology : WJG 18:13 2012 Apr 7 pg 1517-24
Esophageal Motility Disorders
Histamine H2 Antagonists
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Pub Type(s)Comparative Study
Randomized Controlled Trial