Responses to photodynamic therapy in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy consisting of polyps resembling grape clusters.
To investigate the responses to photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) that show large aneurysmal dilation with internal angio-architecture consisting of diverse patterns of curvilinear vessels and polyps resembling grape clusters.
Retrospective, interventional case series.
Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients were included. All patients initially received PDT monotreatment. The main outcome measures were the rates of complete polyp regression on indocyanine green angiography and initial favorable responses observed clinically. Also, the rates of recurrent exudative changes were evaluated at the 2-year follow-up. We focused on changes in the vascular features and their clinical association.
Complete regression of polypoidal lesions was observed in 21 eyes (95%) after a mean of 1.7 PDTs. However, favorable clinical responses were achieved in only 9 eyes (41%), and 6 of them had recurrent exudation. Main vessels, previously consisting of the polypoidal lesion frame, persisted. Additionally, aberrant vessels with a thin radiating or tortuous configuration were observed in the area where large aneurysmal dilation was present. Leakage from this vascular complex or an expanded vascular complex was observed in a total of 14 eyes (64%) during the 2-year follow-up, contributing to persistent (8 eyes) or recurrent (6 eyes) exudation. This seemed to represent secondary choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In another 4 eyes (18%), fibrous changes developed immediately after PDT. Polyps recurred in 8 eyes (38%).
This PCV pattern frequently evolved into typical CNV after PDT, resulting in persistent or recurrent exudation despite the disappearance of polypoidal structures.
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. firstname.lastname@example.org
SourceAmerican journal of ophthalmology 154:2 2012 Aug pg 355-365.e1
Aged, 80 and over
Pub Type(s)Journal Article