Suture type and ultrasound-indicated cerclage efficacy.
To assess whether type of suture material affects cerclage efficacy for preterm birth (PTB) prevention.
Secondary analysis of a multicenter trial of ultrasound-indicated cerclage for short cervical length (CL), in which women with prior spontaneous PTB at 16-33 6/7 weeks, a singleton gestation and CL < 25 mm between 16-22 6/7 weeks, were randomized to McDonald cerclage or no cerclage. Outcomes of women who underwent cerclage were analyzed by type of suture material, comparing polyester braided thread (Mersilene™ or Ethibond™) to Mersilene tape™. Primary outcome was PTB < 35 weeks.
138 women underwent McDonald cerclage: 84 (61%) received polyester braided thread and 46 (33%) Mersilene tape™. Eight (6%) received monofilament suture and were excluded from analysis. Rates of PTB < 35 weeks were similar, 35% for polyester braided thread vs 24% for Mersilene tape™ (p = .24). Birth gestational age was also similar among the 2 groups (p = .18).
Type of suture material may not affect ultrasound-indicated cerclage efficacy in high-risk women with short CL, but further study is needed. Polyester braided thread (Mersilene™ or Ethibond™) and polyester braided Mersilene tape™ seem to have similar efficacy.
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. email@example.com
SourceThe journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 25:11 2012 Nov pg 2287-90
Uterine Cervical Incompetence
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural