Participation of microglial p38 MAPK in formalin-induced temporomandibular joint nociception in rats.
To investigate nociceptive behavior and the immunoreactivity of microglia and phosphorylated-p38 (p-p38) mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) following intracisternal administration of SB203580, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, or minocycline, a microglia inhibitor, in rats with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) inflammation.
The number of nociceptive behavioral responses was recorded for nine successive 5-minute intervals following formalin injections into the left TMJ. SB203580 or minocycline was administered intracisternally 2 hours prior to the formalin injection. Statistical analysis used one-way analysis of variance followed by least significant difference post-hoc analysis. Results: The intra-articular injection of formalin increased the expression of p-p38 MAPK in the ipsilateral medullary dorsal horn. Most of the p-p38 MAPK co-localized with OX42, a microglial marker, but not with GFAP, an astrocyte marker. Intracisternal injections of SB203580 (0.5, 1, or 5 Μg) attenuated the number of nociceptive behavioral responses and the expression of p-p38 MAPK in the medullary dorsal horn. Intracisternal injections of minocycline (25 or 50 Μg) also attenuated the responses and the expression of OX42 and p-p38 MAPK in the medullary dorsal horn.
These findings suggest that p38 MAPK in microglia plays an important role in the central processing of inflammatory TMJ nociception in rats. The data further indicate that a targeted blockade of the microglial p38 MAPK pathway is a potentially important new treatment strategy for inflammatory TMJ nociception.
Department of Oral Physiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
SourceJournal of orofacial pain 26:2 2012 pg 132-41
MeSHAnalysis of Variance
Posterior Horn Cells
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't