Unbound MEDLINE

Left ventricular dysfunction induced by nonsevere idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: a pressure-volume relationship study.

Abstract

RATIONALE
Severe increase in right ventricular pressure can compromise left ventricular (LV) function because of impaired interventricular interaction and aggravate the symptoms.
OBJECTIVES
To elucidate how nonsevere idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) influences LV function because of impaired interventricular interaction.
METHODS
Invasive pressure-volume (PV) loop analysis obtained by conductance catheterization was performed at rest and during atrial pacing in patients with mild IPAH (n = 10) compared with patients with isolated LV diastolic dysfunction (DD) (n = 10) and control subjects without heart failure symptoms (n = 9).
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Patients with nonsevere IPAH (pulmonary artery pressure mean 29 ± 5 mm Hg) and patients with DD showed preserved systolic (ejection fraction 63 ± 12% and 62 ± 9%) and impaired LV diastolic function at rest (LV stiffness 0.027 ± 0.012 ml(-1) and 0.029 ± 0.014 ml(-1)). During pacing at 120 per minute patients with IPAH and DD decreased their stroke volume (-25% and -30%; P < 0.05) and failed to increase cardiac output significantly. Opposite to patients with DD and control subjects, temporary preload reduction during inferior vena cava occlusion initially induced an expansion of LV end-diastolic volume in IPAH (+7%; P < 0.05), whereas end-diastolic pressure continuously dropped. This resulted in an initial downward shift to the right of the PV loop indicating better LV filling, which was associated with a temporary improvement of cardiac output (+11%; P < 0.05) in the patients with IPAH, but not in patients with DD and control subjects.
CONCLUSIONS
Mild idiopathic pulmonary arterial pressure impairs LV diastolic compliance even in the absence of the intrinsic LV disease and contributes to the reduced cardiac performance at stress.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Kasner M, Westermann D, Steendijk P, Dröse S, Poller W, Schultheiss HP, Tschöpe C

    Source

    American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine 186:2 2012 Jul 15 pg 181-9

    MeSH

    Adult
    Blood Pressure
    Cardiac Output
    Echocardiography
    Female
    Heart Failure
    Heart Ventricles
    Humans
    Hypertension, Pulmonary
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Pulmonary Artery
    Stroke Volume
    Ventricular Dysfunction, Left

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22561959