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Retinal microvascular abnormalities and cognitive function in Latino adults in Los Angeles.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Retinal vessels may provide a readily accessible surrogate approach to study vascular disease in brain small vessels. Previous epidemiologic studies of retinal microvascular abnormalities and cognition have not included large numbers of Latinos who have a high prevalence of diabetes and hypertension.
METHODS
We used data from 809 elderly Latino participants in the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES) to assess whether retinal vessel caliber and microvascular abnormalities are cross-sectionally associated with lower cognitive function. Cognitive screening was conducted with the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument-Short form (CASI-S) and in-depth testing with the Spanish English Neuropsychological Assessment Scales (SENAS). Retinal photographs were used to identify retinopathy signs and measure retinal vessel caliber.
RESULTS
A total of 65.8% had high blood pressure, 34.5% had diabetes; self-reported diagnoses of heart attack, heart failure, angina and stroke were rare. Retinal calibers and any retinopathy were not associated with the CASI-S, total SENAS or any SENAS cognitive factors assessed as continuous variables. The odds of a low CASI-S score were two times higher in subjects with generalized arteriolar narrowing (OR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.14, 3.66), and one and half times as high in those with both generalized arteriolar narrowing and retinopathy signs (OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 0.47, 4.75) though this result was based on only four cases with both risk factors and confidence limits were wide and included the null.
CONCLUSION
Retinal microvasculature imaging may provide insights into small blood vessel influences on cognition in Latino populations. Additional studies in diverse populations and prospective settings are needed.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Gatto NM, Varma R, Torres M, Wong TY, Johnson PL, Segal-Gidan F, Mack WJ

    Institution

    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9010, USA.

    Source

    Ophthalmic epidemiology 19:3 2012 Jun pg 127-36

    MeSH

    Aged
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Cognition Disorders
    Diabetes Mellitus
    Educational Status
    Female
    Hispanic Americans
    Humans
    Hypertension
    Los Angeles
    Male
    Neuropsychological Tests
    Photography
    Retinal Diseases
    Retinal Vessels
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22568425