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Preparation and characterization of poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles for sustained release of pyridostigmine bromide.
A novel pyridostigmine bromide poly (lactic acid) nanoparticles (PBPNPs) was prepared to obtain sustained release characteristics of PB. A central composite design approach was employed for process optimization. The in vitro release studies were carried out by dialysis method and conducted using four different dissolution media. Similar factor method was investigated for dissolution profile comparison. Multiple linear regression analysis for process optimization revealed that the optimal PBPNPs were obtained where the values of the amount of PB (X1, mg), PLA concentration (X2, % w:v), and PVA concentration (X3, % w:v) were 49.20 mg, 3.31% and 3.41%, respectively. The average particle size and zeta potential of PBPNPs with the optimized formulation were 722.9 +/- 4.3 nm, and -25.12 +/- 1.2 mV, respectively. PBPNPs provided an initial burst of drug release followed by a very slow release over an extended period of time (72 h). Compared with free PB, PBPNPs had a significantly lower release rate of PB in vitro. The in vitro release profile of the PBPNPs could be described by Weibull models, regardless of type of dissolution medium. Statistical significance of similarity between every two dissolution profiles of PBPNPs in different dissolution media was found, and the difference between the curves of PBPNPs and pure PB was statistically significant.
Indicators and Reagents
Reproducibility of Results
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't