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Middle ear and hearing disorders of schoolchildren aged 7-10 years in South Sinai, Egypt.

Abstract

Hearing loss among schoolchildren in developing countries is reported to be a significant health problem. Data on child hearing loss in South Sinai, a remote governorate of Egypt, are lacking. Middle ear diseases and hearing impairment were assessed among 453 primary-school children aged 7-10 years in South Sinai (906 ears). Otoscopic examination, tympanometry and pure tone audiometry (PTA) were done. Ear disease was found in 27.5% of the ears examined. The commonest cause was secretory otitis media (10.8%), followed by occluded earwax (9.5%). Mild and moderate hearing loss affected 8.5% of the sample, while sensorineural hearing loss affected 2.4%; only 0.4% had moderate and severe hearing loss. Hearing impairment affects 19.3% of this age group in South Sinai. None of the children with hearing impairment had been previously diagnosed or was receiving treatment and support. Hearing and middle ear screening at schools is recommended for early detection and management of middle ear and hearing problems.

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  • Authors

    Yamamah G, Mabrouk A, Ghorab E, Ahmady M, Abdulsalam H

    Source

    Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-ṣiḥḥīyah li-sharq al-mutawassiṭ 18:3 2012 Mar pg 255-60

    MeSH

    Acoustic Impedance Tests
    Analysis of Variance
    Audiometry, Pure-Tone
    Cerumen
    Child
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Ear, Middle
    Early Diagnosis
    Egypt
    Female
    Hearing Disorders
    Humans
    Male
    Mass Screening
    Medically Underserved Area
    Otitis Media with Effusion
    Otoscopy
    School Health Services

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22574480