Reactive and self-regulatory dimensions of temperament: Interactive relations with symptoms of general distress and anhedonia.
Converging evidence indicates that shared temperamental diatheses partly underlie the covariance between anxiety and depression. Although developmental psychopathology research suggests that self-regulatory temperament (e.g., effortful control or EC) mitigates reactive risks associated with negative affectivity (NA) and positive affectivity (PA), and their respective counterparts, behavioral inhibition- and activation sensitivity (BIS and BAS), no studies have established EC's protective effects in adulthood. This study examined concurrent relations between temperament and distress symptoms shared by anxiety and depression, and anhedonic symptoms unique to depression, in young adults. Anticipated two- and three-way interactions emerged supporting EC's moderating effect between reactive temperament (i.e., high BIS and low BAS) and both symptom dimensions. However, no interactive relations emerged between symptoms and NA, PA, and EC.
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, 1835 Neil Avenue Mall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
SourceJournal of research in personality 45:5 2011 Oct pg 430-440
Pub Type(s)JOURNAL ARTICLE