Unbound MEDLINE

Reading times and adaptive styles among patients diagnosed with psychosis as assessed by the Serial Color-Word Test.

Abstract

The present study focuses on how patients diagnosed with psychosis deal with a conflicting situation. In the study, two groups of patients were assessed. One group consisted of patients diagnosed with psychosis (n = 41), while the comparison group (n = 135) consisted of inpatients diagnosed either with anorexia nervosa or with bulimia nervosa. The groups were assessed using the Serial Color Word Test (S-CWT), designed for studying an individual's successive adaptation over time to a conflicting situation. The S-CWT differentiated the two groups regarding both reading time and adaptive styles. Patients diagnosed with psychosis had longer reading times and an adaptive style that was deviant throughout the test, indicating poorer cognitive functioning and more serious psychopathology. These problems may in turn influence functioning in work or study and daily living, all of which are important in treatment planning.

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  • Authors

    Jansson JA, Johansson H, Johnsson P, Rohner JC

    Institution

    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden. jan-ake.jansson@psychology.lu.se

    Source

    Perceptual and motor skills 114:1 2012 Feb pg 3-15

    MeSH

    Adaptation, Psychological
    Adult
    Anorexia Nervosa
    Bulimia Nervosa
    Cognition Disorders
    Color Perception
    Conflict (Psychology)
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Psychometrics
    Psychopathology
    Psychotic Disorders
    Reaction Time
    Reading
    Semantics
    Stroop Test
    Sweden

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22582670