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Clinical significance of serum growth-regulated oncogene alpha (GROalpha) in patients with gynecological cancer.
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION
To assess the clinical relevance of serum growth-regulated oncogene alpha (GROalpha) levels in gynecological cancer, we investigated its concentration in distinguishing patients with cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, benign ovarian tumor and control.
Preoperative serum GROalpha levels were measured in women with cervical cancer (n=46), endometrial cancer (n=39), ovarian cancer (n=124), benign ovarian tumors (n=52), and normal controls (n=38) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Statistical analyses showed that the serum GROalpha concentration was significantly elevated in the cervical cancer, endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer patients compared with controls. Using GROalpha levels, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) of cervical cancer (AUC approximately 0.775), endometrial cancer (AUC approximately 0.799), ovarian cancer (AUC approximately 0.749) and benign ovarian tumors (AUC approximately 0.568) vs. controls were identified.
Our findings suggest that serum GROalpha measurement as a molecular marker might contribute to detection and diagnosis of gynecological cancer.
MeSHAdenocarcinoma, Clear Cell
Area Under Curve
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Tumor Markers, Biological
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't