Prostaglandin E2 EP3 receptor regulates cyclooxygenase-2 expression in the kidney.
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is constitutively expressed and highly regulated in the thick ascending limb (TAL). As COX-2 inhibitors (Coxibs) increase COX-2 expression, we tested the hypothesis that a negative feedback mechanism involving PGE(2) EP3 receptors regulates COX-2 expression in the TAL. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with a Coxib [celecoxib (20 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) or rofecoxib (10 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1))], with or without sulprostone (20 μg·kg(-1)·day(-1)). Sulprostone was given using two protocols, namely, previous to Coxib treatment (prevention effect; Sulp7-Coxib5 group) and 5 days after initiation of Coxib treatment (regression effect; Coxib10-Sulp5 group). Immunohistochemical and morphometric analysis revealed that the stained area for COX-2-positive TAL cells (μm(2)/field) increased in Coxib-treated rats (Sham: 412 ± 56.3, Coxib: 794 ± 153.3). The Coxib effect was inhibited when sulprostone was used in either the prevention (285 ± 56.9) or regression (345 ± 51.1) protocols. Western blot analysis revealed a 2.1 ± 0.3-fold increase in COX-2 protein expression in the Coxib-treated group, an effect abolished by sulprostone using either the prevention (1.2 ± 0.3-fold) or regression (0.6 ± 0.4-fold vs. control, P < 0.05) protocols. Similarly, the 6.4 ± 0.6-fold increase in COX-2 mRNA abundance induced by Coxibs (P < 0.05) was inhibited by sulprostone; prevention: 0.9 ± 0.3-fold (P < 0.05) and regression: 0.6 ± 0.1 (P < 0.05). Administration of a selective EP3 receptor antagonist, L-798106, also increased the area for COX-2-stained cells, COX-2 mRNA accumulation, and protein expression in the TAL. Collectively, the data suggest that COX-2 levels are regulated by a novel negative feedback loop mediated by PGE(2) acting on its EP3 receptor in the TAL.
Dept. of Physiology, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Alameda 340, Santiago, Chile. email@example.com
SourceAmerican journal of physiology. Renal physiology 303:3 2012 Aug 1 pg F449-57
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP1 Subtype
Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP3 Subtype
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't