Defining the affinity and receptor sub-type selectivity of four classes of endothelin antagonists in clinically relevant human cardiovascular tissues.
We have compared the endothelin receptor subtype affinity (K(D)) and selectivity of four structural classes of antagonists (peptide, sulphonamide-based, carboxylic acid-based, myceric acid-based) in human cardiovascular tissues to determine whether these are predicted by values reported for human cloned receptors. Additionally, affinities (K(B)) for these antagonists, determined in ET-1-mediated vasoconstriction assays in human blood vessels, were used to identify discrepancies between K(B) and K(D) determined in the same tissues.
Competition binding experiments were carried out in sections of human left ventricle, coronary artery and homogenates of saphenous vein to determine K(D) values for structurally different ET(A)-selective (FR139317, BMS 182874, S97-139, sitaxentan, ambrisentan) and mixed (PD142893, Ro462005, bosentan, L-749329, SB209670) antagonists. Schild-derived values of antagonist affinity were obtained in vascular functional studies.
When compared with previously reported data in human cloned endothelin receptors, those antagonists reported to be ET(A)-selective exhibited even greater ET(A) selectivity in human ventricle (BMS 182874, sitaxentan, ambrisentan) that expressed both receptor subtypes. Those antagonists reported to have <100 fold selectivity in cloned receptors (PD142893, Ro-462005, bosentan, SB209670, L-749329) did not distinguish between receptor subtypes in human left ventricle. For antagonists where we determined affinity in vascular functional and binding assays (Ro462005, bosentan, BMS 182874, L-749329, SB209670) there was no correlation between the degree of discrepancy in K(B) and K(D) and structural class.
For an antagonist to retain ET(A)-selectivity in vivo it may be necessary to identify those compounds that have at least 1000 fold ET(A):ET(B) selectivity in in vitro assays.
Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, Level 6 ACCI, Box 110 Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
SourceLife sciences 91:13-14 2012 Oct 15 pg 681-6
Receptor, Endothelin A
Receptor, Endothelin B
Pub Type(s)Comparative Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't