Treatment of new-onset ulcerative colitis and ulcerative proctitis: a retrospective study.
Although guidelines recommend use of oral 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASAs) as first-line therapy in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC) and ulcerative proctitis (UP) and steroids with or without 5-ASAs in those more severely ill, little is known about how UC and UP are actually treated.
To document treatment of new-onset UC and UP in routine clinical practice.
Using a large US health insurance database, we identified all persons with new-onset UC or UP between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2007, based on: (i) initial receipt of an oral 5-ASA, mesalazine (mesalamine) suppository, 5-ASA enema, steroid, antimetabolite, budesonide or TNF inhibitor; (ii) sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy in prior 30 days resulting in a new diagnosis of UC or UP and (iii) no prior encounters for Crohn's disease. We examined patterns of pharmacotherapy over 1 year.
We identified 1516 UC patients and 636 UP patients who met study entry criteria. In UC, initial therapies most frequently used were oral 5-ASAs (53% of patients), oral 5-ASAs and systemic steroids (12%), systemic steroids (8%) and mesalazine suppositories (6%); in UP, mesalazine suppositories (42%) and oral 5-ASAs (19%) were most often used, followed by combination therapy (14%), mesalazine enema (11%) and rectal steroids (10%). Few patients received maintenance therapy, and there was limited use of antimetabolites and biological agents.
Oral 5-ASAs and systemic steroids are the mainstay of treatment in patients with new-onset ulcerative colitis; in those with new-onset ulcerative proctitis, it is mesalazine suppositories. Care of these patients appears consistent with treatment guidelines.
Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
SourceAlimentary pharmacology & therapeutics 36:3 2012 Aug pg 248-56
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't