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Addition of vandetanib to chemotherapy in advanced solid cancers: a meta-analysis.
The addition of vandetanib to chemotherapy has been shown to have a marked effect on patients with advanced cancers who had failed previous chemotherapy. We carried out a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy and safety of vandetanib compared with chemotherapy in patients with advanced cancers. For this meta-analysis, we selected randomized clinical trials that compared vandetanib-based therapy (VBT) with the matched chemotherapy or placebo alone in patients with advanced cancers. The outcomes included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), the objective response rate, and toxicities. Hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios were reported with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 14 eligible trials were included for the meta-analysis, with 2995 patients in the VBT group and 2479 patients in the control group. A significant improvement was observed in PFS (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.68-0.86 in all cancers, HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.70-0.90 in lung cancer, HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.40-0.74 in thyroid cancer) and in objective response rate (odds ratio 2.09, 95% CI 1.42-3.07) in the VBT group. However, no significant difference was found in OS (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.90-1.03). The subgroups of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who benefited from vandetanib therapy were identified as those with a history of smoking (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.80-0.95) and an adenocarcinoma histology (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.77-0.94). In addition, patients who received VBT had an increased incidence of adverse events such as rash, diarrhea, and neutropenia. The addition of vandetanib to chemotherapy significantly improves PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancers, especially lung and thyroid cancer.
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Pub Type(s)Journal Article