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Examining the diagnostic justification abilities of fourth-year medical students.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Fostering ability to organize and use medical knowledge to guide data collection, make diagnostic decisions, and defend those decisions is at the heart of medical training. However, these abilities are not systematically examined prior to graduation. This study examined diagnostic justification (DXJ) ability of medical students shortly before graduation.
METHOD
All senior medical students in the Classes of 2011 (n = 67) and 2012 (n = 70) at Southern Illinois University were required to take and pass a 14-case, standardized patient examination prior to graduation. For nine cases, students were required to write a free-text response indicating how they used patient data to move from their differential to their final diagnosis. Two physicians graded each DXJ response. DXJ scores were compared with traditional standardized patient examination (SCCX) scores.
RESULTS
The average intraclass correlation between raters' rankings of DXJ responses was 0.75 and 0.64 for the Classes of 2011 and 2012, respectively. Student DXJ scores were consistent across the nine cases. Using SCCX and DXJ scores led to the same pass-fail decision in a majority of cases. However, there were many cases where discrepancies occurred. In a majority of those cases, students would fail using the DXJ score but pass using the SCCX score. Common DXJ errors are described.
CONCLUSIONS
Commonly used standardized patient examination component scores (history/physical examination checklist score, findings, differential diagnosis, diagnosis) are not direct, comprehensive measures of DXJ ability. Critical deficiencies in DXJ abilities may thus go undiscovered.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Williams RG, Klamen DL

    Institution

    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL 62794-9638, USA. rwilliams@siumed.edu

    Source

    Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 87:8 2012 Aug pg 1008-14

    MeSH

    Adult
    Checklist
    Clinical Competence
    Decision Making
    Diagnosis, Differential
    Diagnostic Errors
    Education, Medical, Undergraduate
    Educational Measurement
    Female
    Humans
    Illinois
    Internal Medicine
    Male
    Medical History Taking
    Patient Simulation
    Physical Examination
    Students, Medical

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22722355