Electrochemical characterisation of copper thin-film formation on polycrystalline platinum.
Electrochemically formed thin films are vital for a broad range of applications in virtually every field of modern science and technology. Understanding the film formation process could provide a means to aid the characterisation and control of film properties. Herein, we present a fundamental approach that combines two well-established analytical techniques (namely, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and electrogravimetry) with a theoretical approach to provide physico-chemical information on the electrode/electrolyte interface during film formation. This approach allows the monitoring of local and overall surface kinetic parameters with time to enable an evaluation of the different modes of film formation. This monitoring is independent of surface area and surface concentrations of electroactive species and so may allow current computational methods to calculate these parameters and provide a deeper physical understanding of the electrodeposition of new bulk phases. The ability of this method to characterise 3D phase growth in situ in more detail than that obtained by conventional approaches is demonstrated through the study of a model system, namely, Cu bulk-phase deposition on a Pt electrode covered with a Cu atomic layer (Cu(ad)/Pt).
Center for Electrochemical Sciences-CES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätstr. 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany.
SourceChemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry 13:13 2012 Sep 17 pg 3210-7
Pub Type(s)Journal Article