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Detection of Hepatozoon sp. in a Persian leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica).

Abstract

A free-ranging, adult, male Persian leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica) was found at Geloul-Sarani protected zone, province of North-Khorasan, Iran and transported to the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Veterinary Teaching Hospital. The leopard had normal temperature and respiratory and cardiac frequency, but was significantly dehydrated and had elevated capillary perfusion. The animal also was cachectic, with pale mucus membranes, third-eyelid protrusion, and bilaterally enlarged submandibular lymph nodes. The leopard was stabilized by intensive fluid and electrolyte therapy and hospitalized. In 2 days, the leopard had improved clinically but had severe ataxia and head pressing. Blood smears revealed gamonts of Hepatozoon sp. within some neutrophils. Hematologic and plasma chemistry abnormalities included moderate anemia, leukocytosis, hypocholestrolemia, and hypophosphatemia. In radiographic evaluations, no sign of periosteal reactions or new bone formation was seen on the skull, spine, long bones, pelvis, or vertebrae. The leopard was treated successfully with Tazocin and clindamycin for 1 mo. This is the first detection of a Hepatozoon sp. in wild Felidae in Iran. Because most Iranian wild felids and canids are endangered, knowing whether Hepatozoon infection represents a threat for these animals is important.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Khoshnegah J, Mohri M, Mirshahi A, Mousavi SJ

    Institution

    Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 9177948974, Iran. jkhoshnegah@gmail.com

    Source

    Journal of wildlife diseases 48:3 2012 Jul pg 776-80

    MeSH

    Animals
    Animals, Wild
    Antiprotozoal Agents
    Apicomplexa
    Endangered Species
    Iran
    Male
    Panthera
    Protozoan Infections, Animal
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Case Reports
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22740545