Molecular allergens in the diagnosis of latex allergy.
Molecular allergens enable the definition of sensitization profiles in allergic patients.
To validate the most helpful allergens for the diagnosis of latex allergy in different clinical situations.
130 patients suspected to be allergic to latex with positive IgE against natural rubber latex (NRL) have been studied: 97 were confirmed as latex allergic (among which 55 professionally exposed to latex and 35 with a peranaesthetic anaphylactic shock) and 33 were only sensitized to latex without clinical allergy. Each serum was tested for IgE against 9 recombinant latex allergens and bromelain using Phadia ImmunoCAP 250.
rHev b 6.01, 6.02, 2 and 5 were the major allergens in the allergic population. An excellent correlation (94%) was observed between IgE against rHev b 6.01 and latex prick test positivities. IgE against rHev b 1, 3 and 5 were more frequent and their levels significantly higher in patients with peranaesthetic anaphylactic shock. Among the asymptomatic patients (29/33 allergic to pollen), NRL IgE positivity is explained by the presence of anti-rHev b 8 and/or anti-carbohydrate IgE.
rHev b 6.01 and rHev b 5 specific IgE are of major interest to confirm latex allergy diagnosis. rHev b 5 is particularly useful in case of monosensitization where clinical symptoms and latex skin prick tests may be discordant, rHev b1 and rHev b 3 are interesting to document multi-operated and peranaesthetic latex allergy. Finally, rHev b 8 is a helpful marker to highlight latex/pollen cross-reactivity which improves the specificity of the serological tests.
Allergy Unit, Laboratory of Immunology, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Bénite F-69495, France.
SourceEuropean annals of allergy and clinical immunology 44:2 2012 Apr pg 73-9
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Pub Type(s)Journal Article