Predictors of pulmonary hypertension in patients with end-stage heart failure.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with a greater mortality rate in patients with heart failure (HF) and it is a risk factor for right ventricular failure after heart transplantation. This study was designed to explore risk factors for PH development in patients with advanced heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction. In a retrospective observational study of 419 patients evaluated for heart transplantation due to end stage HF, different variables were analyzed to find predictors of PH (defined as a mean pulmonary pressure >25 mmHg), reactive PH (defined as a transpulmonary gradient >12 mmHg) and severe PH (defined as a mean pulmonary pressure >40 mmHg and/or pulmonary vascular ressistance >3 WU) using a multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis. Prevalence of PH, out of proportion and severe PH was 62.2%, 23.8%, and 18.8% respectively. The presence of moderate-severe mitral regurgitation [2.1 (1.2-3.7); P=0.006], moderate-severe tricuspid regurgitation [OR 2.9 (1.3-6.4); P=0.005] and a duration of disease >3 years [OR 1.7 (1.1-2.7); P=0.03] were independent risk factors associated with PH. Moreover, the presence of a moderate-severe mitral regurgitation and a duration of disease greater than 3 years, were independent predictors of out of proportion and severe PH.
Division of Heart Failure and Transplant Unit, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Doce de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org
SourceCongestive heart failure (Greenwich, Conn.) 18:4 pg 212-6
Heart Failure, Systolic
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Pub Type(s)Journal Article