Antibodies to wheat high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits in patients with celiac disease.
Wheat gluten comprises gliadins and glutenins. The high-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin subunits (GS)-1Dy10 are toxic for patients with celiac disease (CD). This study aimed to assess whether CD patients mount a serological response to HMW-GS-1Dy10.
Recombinant HMW-GS-1Dy10 was deamidated using human recombinant tissue transglutaminase. MALDI-TOF was performed to compare the level of deamidation of glutamine residues between material before and after treatment. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were developed. Sera from patients with untreated CD and gastrointestinal disease controls were tested and receiver operator characteristics were used to calculate cutoffs.
MALDI-TOF revealed a number of fragments matching known HMW-GS-1Dy10 sequences within both the deamidated and non-deamidated material. Evidence of deamidation of glutamine residues was found only within the human transglutaminase-treated material. Patients with untreated CD had significantly increased levels of serum antibodies to HMW-GS-1Dy10 compared to controls. Undeamidated HMW-GS-1Dy10 IgA antibodies had sensitivities and specificities of 72.5 and 78.26%, respectively. Deamidated HMW-GS-1Dy10 IgA antibodies had sensitivities and specificities of 76.8 and 65.2%. Undeamidated HMW-GS-1Dy10 IgG antibodies had sensitivities and specificities of 75.3 and 68.1%. Deamidated HMW-GS-1Dy10 IgG antibodies had sensitivities and specificities of 36.2 and 92.8%.
Patients with untreated CD have raised antibody levels to HMW-GS-1Dy10, indicating the participation of these proteins in the adaptive immune response to gluten. Discrimination between CD patients and controls is not enhanced by deamidation of HMW-GS-1Dy10. Thus antibodies to these proteins are not useful markers for CD detection.
Division of Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences, King's College London, London, UK. email@example.com
SourceInternational archives of allergy and immunology 159:4 2012 pg 428-34
Amino Acid Sequence
Molecular Sequence Data
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't