Intravenous pyogenic granuloma of the right adrenal gland: report of a case.
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a tumor-like lesion that typically arises on human skin. Intravenous pyogenic granuloma (IVPG) is the vascular counterpart, mostly observed in the venous structures of the neck and upper extremities. Chronic irritation of the skin, traumatic injury, and hormonal alterations seem to be implicated in the pathogenesis of PG. The incidence of PG, and IVPG, is very low in the reported scientific literature, and this underlines the need for understanding unresolved questions concerning the uncommon presentation, and correct diagnosis before surgical intervention. This report describes a case of IVPG diagnosed in a 55-year-old female that presented for observation of chronic abdominal pain associated with nausea and anorexia. A well-defined mass located in the right adrenal gland was documented by ultrasonography and finally confirmed by contrast enhanced CT of the abdomen. There were no radiological signs of liver, kidney, or vascular infiltration. The 35 × 22 mm adrenal gland lesion, suspected to be an adrenal gland tumor, was resected using a minimally invasive approach. Laparoscopic right adrenalectomy was successfully performed. The histology documented the typical morphological features of IVPG in the context of a normal right adrenal gland. This report describes and discusses the unusual presentation of intraabdominal IVPG located in the adrenal gland region together with a review of the current literature.
Unit of General and Laparoscopic Surgery, "G. d'Annunzio" University, Via dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.
SourceSurgery today 43:5 2013 May pg 569-73
Pub Type(s)Journal Article