In vitro quantification of the stiffening effect of corneal cross-linking in the human cornea using radial shearing speckle pattern interferometry.
To quantify the magnitude of the stiffening effect of corneal cross-linking (CXL) by studying intact human corneas exposed to physiological pressure transients.
Nine organ-cultured human corneas mounted in artificial anterior chambers were studied. A radial shearing speckle pattern interferometer was used to measure changes in corneal strain following an increase in artificial anterior chamber pressure from 15.0 to 15.5 mmHg before and after treatment. Measurements were taken from all corneas with their epithelium intact before all underwent epithelial debridement. Three specimens were used as controls and did not receive any further treatment; three underwent riboflavin/ultraviolet A (UVA) CXL using 30 minutes of 370-nm irradiation at 3 mW/cm2 following epithelial removal and saturation with 0.1% riboflavin; and three were fixed with the cross-linking agent 2.5% glutaraldehyde. Strain measurements were repeated after these treatments. Young's moduli of individual corneas were calculated by mathematical analysis.
Mean donor age was 81.7 years. Before treatment, the mean Young's moduli of the control, riboflavin/UVA CXL, and glutaraldehyde-fixed corneas did not differ significantly: 0.46±0.03, 0.48±0.03, and 0.47±0.03 MPa, respectively. Following treatment these values changed to 0.46±0.2, 2.06±0.22, and 3.48±0.41 MPa, respectively. In proportional terms, this was equivalent to an increase in corneal Young's modulus by a factor of 4.3 (P<.05) following riboflavin/UVA CXL and 7.3 (P<.05) after glutaraldehyde fixation.
Riboflavin-UVA CXL increases the stiffness of organ-cultured corneas by a factor of more than four. This finding quantifies the efficacy of CXL in a physiologic configuration.
Department of Ophthalmology, Kings College, London, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
SourceJournal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995) 28:7 2012 Jul pg 503-8
Aged, 80 and over
Organ Culture Techniques
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't