Vitamin D deficiency affects the immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in mice.
The aim of the study is to investigate the immunological changes after stimulation with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in mice with vitamin D deficiency. After weaning, mice were divided into the vitamin D-deficient group (-D group), the normal group (N group), and the vitamin D-supplemented group (+D group). Twelve-week-old mice were intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/ml BCG (≥1.0 × 10(6) CFU/mg) and maintained for 6 weeks. Spleen lymphocytes were isolated, and the percentages of CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes were determined by flow cytometry. IFN-γ levels, IL-10 levels, and the TB-PPD-specific antibody titer were determined by ELISA. The inter-group difference was analyzed using one-way ANOVA, and multiple comparisons were analyzed using the LSD test. The percentage of CD4(+) cells was 27.1 ± 0.6 in the -D group, 23.62 ± 0.42 in the N group, and 19.46 ± 0.32 in the +D group (P < 0.05). The percentage of CD8(+) lymphocytes was 12.15 ± 0.61 in the -D group, 8.7 ± 0.64 in the N group, and 7.12 ± 0.48 in the +D group (P < 0.05). The CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio was 2.23 ± 0.15 in the -D group, 2.71 ± 0.21 in the N group, and 2.73 ± 0.31 in the +D group (P < 0.05). The plasma IFN-γ levels were 416.42 ± 16.42 pg/ml in the -D group, 325.41 ± 11.16 pg/ml in the N group, and 276.26 ± 25.32 pg/ml in the +D group (P < 0.005). The plasma IL-10 levels were 16.45 ± 1.58 pg/ml in the -D group, 24.31 ± 2.16 pg/ml in the N group, and 26.28 ± 0.42 pg/ml in the +D group (P < 0.005). The serum TB-PPD-specific antibody level was significantly higher in the -D group than in the N and +D groups. Vitamin D deficiency affects the immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in mice.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Gaotanyan Str. 30, Chongqing, 400038, People's Republic of China.
SourceClinical and experimental medicine : 2012 Aug 10 pg
Pub Type(s)JOURNAL ARTICLE