Evaluation of cardiac performance by abdominal fetal ECG in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome.
To investigate fetal cardiac performance by abdominal fetal electrocardiography (ECG) in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS-MCDA).
Abdominal fetal ECG was attempted in 16 singleton, 21 non-TTTS-MCDA, and 14 TTTS-MCDA pregnancies at 16-27 weeks' gestation. Standard ECG parameters were compared across study groups and evaluated for their correlation with Doppler ultrasound indices.
Clear P-QRST complexes were recognized in all cases. In the TTTS-MCDA pregnancies, the QT interval and QTc were significantly longer than in both singletons and the non-TTTS-MCDA pregnancies (p = 0.002 and p = 0.0002, respectively), whereas in the recipient fetus, both the PR interval and PR/RR were significantly longer when compared with all other study groups (p = 0.019 and p = 0.012, respectively). Further comparison with Doppler ultrasound indices yielded significant reciprocal correlations between ductus venosus pulsatility index and the QT interval (r = 0.552, p = 0.041) and between umbilical artery pulsatility index and PR/RR (r = 0.654, p = 0.011) both demonstrated in recipient fetuses alone.
Abdominal fetal ECG is feasible in second-trimester twin pregnancies. In TTTS, there is evidence of a higher risk of cardiac dysfunction in the recipient twin.
Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, UK. email@example.com
SourcePrenatal diagnosis 32:11 2012 Nov pg 1059-65
Heart Rate, Fetal
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Tertiary Care Centers
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't