Association between modifiable lifestyle factors and inflammatory markers in patients with metabolic syndrome.
There is accumulating evidence suggesting that inflammation is the bridging link between cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Recent studies have shown a relationship between inflammatory markers and modifiable lifestyle factors including fitness, diet, exercise and smoking. We carried out a cross-sectional study of 195 patients with metabolic syndrome. Data on nutritional intake, physical activity level and smoking habits were collected through a questionnaire. Weight and body composition were determined and C-reactive protein and interluekin-6 concentrations were measured. C-reactive protein level had a significant association with body mass index (r = 0.18), adiposity (r = 0.23), smoking (r = 0.20), carbohydrate intake (r = 0.19) and saturated fatty acid (r = 0.20). Interluekin-6 concentration was significantly correlated with dietary carbohydrate (r = 0.15), saturated fatty acid (r = 0.15) and glycaemic load (r = 0.15). No association was observed between physical activity level and inflammatory markers.
Nutritional Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Islamic Republic of Iran.
SourceEastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-ṣiḥḥīyah li-sharq al-mutawassiṭ 18:7 2012 Jul pg 735-41
Body Mass Index
Body Weights and Measures
Metabolic Syndrome X
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't