Serum amyloid A uptake by feline peripheral macrophages.
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is one of the major acute phase proteins in cats and humans. SAA concentrations increase in response to the inflammatory status and secondary amyloid A amyloidosis has been documented in cats. In order to control the SAA concentration, it is important to clarify how the SAA protein is metabolized. Although the details of SAA metabolism in the body remain unknown, human and murine research indicates that macrophages play a key role in SAA uptake. The objectives of this study were to demonstrate SAA uptake by feline macrophages and to evaluate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and dexamethasone (Dex) on SAA uptake. The concentration of recombinant feline SAA added to a feline macrophage culture was decreased in a time-dependent manner and was significantly reduced after a 24-h incubation, as demonstrated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). SAA uptake into feline peripheral macrophages was demonstrated by immunofluorescence microscopy. Pretreatment to macrophages with LPS did not affect this decrease in the SAA concentration, but this was significantly blocked by Dex pretreatment. In conclusion, SAA was incorporated by feline macrophages and pretreatment with Dex inhibited SAA uptake by macrophages in this study. Further investigation is needed to determine the molecules that influence SAA uptake by macrophages and the effect of clinical glucocorticoid usage on the SAA concentration in cats.
Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.
SourceVeterinary immunology and immunopathology 150:1-2 2012 Nov 15 pg 47-52
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't