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Retrospective analysis of clinical findings and outcome of cats with suspected rattlesnake envenomation in Southern California: 18 cases (2007-2010).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE
To evaluate treatment and survival rates of cats with suspected rattlesnake envenomation.
DESIGN
Retrospective study.
SETTING
Veterinary emergency referral hospital in Southern California.
ANIMALS
Client-owned animals.
INTERVENTIONS
None.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Eighteen cats were treated for suspected rattlesnake envenomation between January 2007 and August 2010. There were 3 fatalities and 15 cats survived (16% mortality rate). Two cases developed pelvic limb paresis 3-4 days post envenomation. There were no apparent adverse reactions to treatment with antivenom.
CONCLUSIONS
Cats are presented infrequently for treatment of envenomation compared to dogs. Envenomation in cats should be treated according to guidelines established for people and dogs and administration of antivenom does not appear to be associated with adverse events. The mortality rate in this study was found to be 16%, which is higher than the mortality rate reported for dogs suspected of rattlesnake envenomation in a similar region (4.1%). Pelvic limb paresis may develop 3-4 days post envenomation but can resolve within 24 hours.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Hoose JA, Carr A

    Source

    Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001) 23:3 pg 314-20

    MeSH

    Analgesics
    Animals
    Anti-Bacterial Agents
    Antivenins
    Blood Coagulation
    California
    Cat Diseases
    Cats
    Female
    Male
    Retrospective Studies
    Snake Bites
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    23648179