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AANA J [journal]
- Response. [Comment, Letter]
- AANA J 2013 Feb; 81(1):13-4.
- Are you ready for obstructive sleep apnea screening? [Letter]
- AANA J 2013 Feb; 81(1):13.
- An update from the AANA practice committee: application of the evidence-based process. [News]
- AANA J 2013 Feb; 81(1):9-12.
The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists Practice Committee applies a standardized evidence-based process to the development and revision of practice-related documents and member resources. This article highlights recent Practice Committee work related to the revision and development of new materials for the Professional Practice Manual for the Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist. Specific areas discussed include infection control, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists and the interprofessional team, safe practices for needle and syringe use, securing propofol, safe surgery and anesthesia, patient safety and fatigue, and the use of mobile devices.
- The perioperative implications of posttraumatic stress disorder. [Journal Article]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):463-70.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to a traumatic event and is characterized by symptoms of reexperiencing, emotional numbing, persistent arousal, and avoidance. Approximately 6.8% of the people in the United States will be diagnosed with PTSD at some point in their lives. The presence of PTSD in a surgical patient can be important because PTSD is associated with the use of psychoactive medications, risky health behaviors, cardiovascular comorbidities, depression, chronic pain, and cognitive dysfunction, all of which may influence the risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality. In addition, patients with PTSD are anxious around unfamiliar people and in unfamiliar environments. The purposes of this journal course are to provide anesthetists with a working knowledge of the symptoms, treatments, and comorbidities associated with PTSD and to suggest ways of interacting with patients with the disorder that increase trust and decrease the risk of evoking posttraumatic symptoms in the perioperative environment.
- Descriptors of anesthesia support personnel from the perspective of practicing certified registered nurse anesthetists. [Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):453-9.
Anesthesia support personnel provide direct support to anesthesia providers. They bring extra supplies or equipment, prepare equipment for the case, maintain and clean equipment, and generally function as directed by the anesthesia provider. Given the importance of anesthesia support personnel in maintaining equipment essential to safe anesthesia practice, it is necessary to ensure that these individuals are properly trained and capable of complying with safety standards. However, the literature describing this population is limited and shows variation in the utilization and qualifications of these personnel. A prospective, descriptive survey of Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists was conducted to describe the education, training, job functions, and work environment of anesthesia support personnel. Results (N = 354) indicated that utilization of anesthesia support personnel varies by hospital but has a propensity to be greater at larger medical centers that have a level I or II trauma center. Formal supervision of these personnel is limited. Their tasks tended to be more frequently directed at equipment management, with a smaller portion of anesthesia support personnel performing tasks related to direct patient care. Further research is needed to adequately describe this population.
- Rethinking the paradigm: evaluation of ketamine as a neurosurgical anesthetic. [Journal Article, Review]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):445-52.
Although anesthetists have long assumed that ketamine's role in neuroanesthesia is limited because of its association with increased intracranial pressure, this article presents a review of recent clinical literature suggesting otherwise. When ketamine is used as an adjuvant anesthetic agent along with mechanical ventilation to maintain normocapnia, ketamine does not have adverse cerebral hemodynamic effects. Furthermore, ketamine possesses a unique pharmacologic profile that provides analgesia, bronchodilation, and sympathetic stimulation, thereby reducing patients' vasoactive agent requirements. Caution must be exercised because of ketamine's action at the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), as ketamine may antagonize both neuroprotective and neurodestructive NMDAR-mediated pathways. Still, ketamine may prove to be a safe part of a neuroanesthetic regimen, and it should no longer be considered absolutely contraindicated as a result of its cerebral hemodynamic effects.
- Anesthetic management of patients with major burn injury. [Journal Article, Review]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):430-9.
Burn injury is a leading cause of life-threatening trauma worldwide, affecting more than 450,000 Americans each year, and is associated with an average mortality rate of 0.8%. Patients with an increased risk of death from burn injuries include elderly patients and patients with large burns or inhalation injury. Providing optimal care for patients with major burn injuries requires the coordinated effort of multidisciplinary teams in which anesthesia providers play a critical role. Anesthetic management for burn surgery can be technically challenging because of difficult airway management and vascular access, as well as cognitively demanding because of dramatic pathophysiologic changes that compromise hemodynamic stability and alter patient response to many anesthetic agents. The following article reviews the literature related to the pathophysiology and clinical management of major burn injuries and highlights the key concepts relevant to the delivery of safe and efficacious anesthesia for these patients.
- Policy, practice, and education. [News]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):423-6.
- Difficult airway management following severe gasoline burn injury. [Comment, Letter]
- AANA J 2012 Dec; 80(6):418; author reply 418.
- Anesthesia and safety considerations for office-based cosmetic surgery practice. [Journal Article, Review]
- AANA J 2012 Aug; 80(4):299-305.
With more surgical procedures than ever before being performed in office settings, office-based anesthesia is a rapidly growing area of anesthesia practice. Although there are many advantages to office-based practice, limitations inherent to this setting, if not recognized and addressed, may threaten patient safety. The demand for cosmetic surgery is considered one of the driving factors in the exponential growth of office-based anesthesia. Anesthesia for cosmetic surgery procedures in the office setting is frequently performed under monitored anesthesia care (MAC) with its own unique safety considerations. Anesthetists practicing in office-based cosmetic surgery practices must understand the special characteristics of this setting, the MAC-based approach often used, the anesthesia and safety considerations for the cosmetic surgical procedures performed, and the importance of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism.