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Am Surg [journal]
- Esophagopericardial fistula: a delayed complication after esophageal stenting. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 May; 79(5):550-2.
- You Like t-mā-tōs and I like t-mä-tōs: A Systematic Review on the Pronunciation of 'Centimeter'. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 May; 79(5):541-2.
- Synchronous Portal-superior Mesenteric Vein or Adjacent Organ Resection for Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasms of the Pancreas: A Single-institution Experience. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 May; 79(5):534-9.
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (SPN) have been reported increasingly; however, series focusing on portal-superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) or adjacent organ resection are limited in the literature. The aim of this study was to present our experience in treating patients with SPN who underwent this extensive resection. Ten eligible patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Eight females and two males with a median age of 23 years (range, 11 to 58 years) and a median tumor diameter of 12 cm (range, 4 to 20 cm) were observed. All patients had imaging signs of vascular and/or adjacent organ involvement. Resection with curative intent was performed in all patients; eight underwent synchronous PV/SMV resection and two underwent synchronous left nephrectomy. Malignant SPN was confirmed in seven patients. Postoperative mortality was nil and morbidity occurred in five patients. At a median follow-up of 67.5 months (range, 12 to 110 months), nine patients were alive with no evidence of disease and one died of liver metastases. In conclusion, malignant SPN are low-grade tumors with good prognosis. More aggressive attitude should be adopted when PV/SMV or adjacent organ involvement is indicated on preoperative imaging. En bloc synchronous PV/SMV or adjacent organ resection should be applied, when necessary, to achieve complete resection.
- Predicting Early Cancer-related Deaths after Curative Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 May; 79(5):528-33.
Esophagectomy is the primary treatment for esophageal cancers, but a few patients still suffer from early recurrence and die within one year after surgery. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative predictive risk factors for early cancer-related deaths after curative esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The records of 200 consecutive patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy between 1990 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The preoperative clinical characteristics of the remaining 32 patients who died of cancer within one year were compared with those of 168 patients who survived for more than one year postsurgery. The most frequent cause of death was lymph node recurrence followed by local recurrence and lung metastases. A tumor size 60 mm or greater and lymph node metastases in two fields on preoperative imaging were identified as prognostic factors on multivariate analysis. The one-year survival rate and median survival time of patients with both these risk factors were 40 per cent and 12 months, respectively. Aggressive additional treatment may be needed if both a tumor size 60 mm or greater and lymph node metastases in two fields are found during diagnostic imaging before esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
- Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Is a Definitive Treatment for Acute Cholecystitis in Elderly High-risk Patients. [Journal Article]
- Am Surg 2013 May; 79(5):524-7.
Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is an alternative treatment for acute cholecystitis (AC) in elderly patients with high surgical risk and has lower morbidity and mortality than emergency cholecystectomy. There is controversy about whether cholecystectomy should be performed after PC in elderly high-risk patients. Medical records of patients with AC admitted to the Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, China, between January 2004 and July 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. The elderly high-risk patients with AC who underwent PC were selected for further study. The safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of PC without cholecystectomy were evaluated in these patients. The symptoms of AC resolved in 98.6 per cent of patients; drainage-related morbidity and mortality rates were 4.1 and 1.4 per cent, respectively. No patient underwent cholecystectomy after PC. The recurrence rate of cholecystitis was 4.1 per cent. The one-year survival rate was 82.2 per cent, and the three-year survival rate was 39.7 per cent. No death was related to cholecystitis, but one patient died of septic shock on the second day after PC. Considering limited survival and a low recurrence rate of cholecystitis in elderly high-risk patients with AC, we propose that PC is a definitive treatment and cholecystectomy is not necessary after resolution of AC symptoms.