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Annals of the rheumatic diseases [journal]
- Attenuating the mortality risk of high serum uric acid: the role of physical activity underused. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 22.
High serum uric acid (sUA) has been associated with increased mortality risks, but its clinical treatment varied with potential side effects. The role of physical activity has received limited attention.A cohort, consisting of 467 976 adults, who went through a standard health screening programme, with questionnaire and fasting blood samples, was successively recruited between 1996 and 2008. High sUA is defined as uric acid above 7.0 mg/dL. Leisure time physical activity level was self-reported, with fully active defined as those with 30 min per day for at least 5 days a week. National death file identified 12 228 deaths with a median follow-up of 8.5 years. Cox proportional model was used to analyse HRs, and 12 variables were controlled, including medical history, life style and risk factors.High sUA constituted one quarter of the cohort (25.6%). Their all-cause mortality was significantly increased [HR: 1.22 (1.15-1.29)], with much of the increase contributed to by the inactive (HR: 1.27 (1.17-1.37)), relative to the reference group with sUA level of 5-6 mg/dL. When they were fully active, mortality risks did not increase, but decreased by 11% (HR: 0.89 (0.82-0.97)), reflecting the benefits of being active was able to overcome the adverse effects of high sUA. Given the same high sUA, a 4-6 years difference in life expectancy was found between the active and the inactive.Physical activity is a valuable alternative to pharmacotherapy in its ability to reduce the increases in mortality risks from high sUA. By being fully active, exercise can extend life span by 4-6 years, a level greater than the 1-4 years of life-shortening effect from high sUA.
- Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome: a series of 136 patients from the Eurofever Registry. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 18.
To evaluate genetic, demographic and clinical features in patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) from the Eurofever Registry, with a focus on genotype-phenotype correlations and predictive disease severity markers.A web-based registry retrospectively collected data on patients with CAPS. Experts in the disease independently validated all cases. Patients carrying NLRP3 variants and germline-mutation-negative patients were included.136 patients were analysed. The median age at disease onset was 9 months, and the median duration of follow-up was 15 years. Skin rash, musculoskeletal involvement and fever were the most prevalent features. Neurological involvement (including severe complications) was noted in 40% and 12% of the patients, respectively, with ophthalmological involvement in 71%, and neurosensory hearing loss in 42%. 133 patients carried a heterozygous, germline mutation, and 3 patients were mutation-negative (despite complete NLRP3 gene screening). Thirty-one different NLRP3 mutations were recorded; 7 accounted for 78% of the patients, whereas 24 rare variants were found in 27 cases. The latter were significantly associated with early disease onset, neurological complications (including severe complications) and severe musculoskeletal involvement. The T348M variant was associated with early disease onset, chronic course and hearing loss. Neurological involvement was less strongly associated with V198M, E311 K and A439 V alleles. Early onset was predictive of severe neurological complications and hearing loss.Patients carrying rare NLRP3 variants are at risk of severe CAPS; onset before the age of 6 months is associated with more severe neurological involvement and hearing loss. These findings may have an impact on treatment decisions.
- Paying attention to the preciseness of conclusion. [LETTER]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 18.
- Subsets of RP105-negative plasmablasts in IgG4-related disease. [LETTER]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 15.
- Disease-regulated local IL-10 gene therapy diminishes synovitis and cartilage proteoglycan depletion in experimental arthritis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 15.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic destructive autoimmune disease, but the course is unpredictable in individual patients. An attractive treatment would provide a disease-regulated therapy that offers personalised drug delivery. Therefore, we expressed the anti-inflammatory interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene under the control of inflammation-dependent promoters in a mouse model of arthritis.Proximal promoters of S100a8, Cxcl1, Mmp13, Saa3, IL-1b and Tsg6 were selected by whole-genome expression analysis of inflamed synovial tissues from arthritic mice. Mice were injected intraarticularly in knee joints with lentiviral vectors expressing a luciferase reporter or the therapeutic protein IL-10 under control of the Saa3 or Mmp13 promoter. After 4 days, arthritis was induced by intraarticular injection of streptococcal cell walls (SCW). At different time points after arthritis induction, in vivo bioluminescent imaging was performed and knee joints were dissected for histological and RNA analysis.The disease-regulated promoter-luciferase reporter constructs showed different activation profiles during the course of the disease. The Saa3 and Mmp13 promoters were significantly induced at day 1 or day 4 after arthritis induction respectively and selected for further research. Overexpression of IL-10 using these two disease-inducible promoters resulted in less synovitis and markedly diminished cartilage proteoglycan depletion and in upregulation of IL-1Ra and SOCS3 gene expression.Our study shows that promoters of genes that are expressed locally during arthritis can be candidates for disease-regulated overexpression of biologics into arthritic joints, as shown for IL-10 in SCW arthritis. The disease-inducible approach might be promising for future tailor-made local gene therapy in arthritis.
- Dietary fatty acid content regulates wound repair and the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis following joint injury. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Ann Rheum Dis 2014 Jul 10.
The mechanisms linking obesity and osteoarthritis (OA) are not fully understood and have been generally attributed to increased weight, rather than metabolic or inflammatory factors. Here, we examined the influence of fatty acids, adipokines, and body weight on OA following joint injury in an obese mouse model.Mice were fed high-fat diets rich in various fatty acids (FA) including saturated FAs (SFAs), ω-6 polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs), and ω-3 PUFAs. OA was induced by destabilising the medial meniscus. Wound healing was evaluated using an ear punch. OA, synovitis and wound healing were determined histologically, while bone changes were measured using microCT. Activity levels and serum cytokines were measured at various time-points. Multivariate models were performed to elucidate the associations of dietary, metabolic and mechanical factors with OA and wound healing.Using weight-matched mice and multivariate models, we found that OA was significantly associated with dietary fatty acid content and serum adipokine levels, but not with body weight. Furthermore, spontaneous activity of the mice was independent of OA development. Small amounts of ω-3 PUFAs (8% by kcal) in a high-fat diet were sufficient to mitigate injury-induced OA, decreasing leptin and resistin levels. ω-3 PUFAs significantly enhanced wound repair, SFAs or ω-6 PUFAs independently increased OA severity, heterotopic ossification and scar tissue formation.Our results indicate that with obesity, dietary FA content regulates wound healing and OA severity following joint injury, independent of body weight, supporting the need for further studies of dietary FA supplements as a potential therapeutic approach for OA.