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Asian Pac J Trop Med [journal]
- Femoral compressive neuropathy from iliopsoas haematoma complicating dengue hemorrhagic fever. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):419-20.
Dengue fever is a debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by dengue virus. We reported a case of femoral compression neuropathy due to iliopsoas hematoma complicating dengue hemorrhagic fever. Iliopsoas muscle hematoma can cause femoral neuropathy with resultant pain and paralysis. Such manifestations are not well documented in the literature. The pathogenesis of hematoma and compressive neuropathy with its appropriate management is discussed.
- Multiple splenic infarcts in acute Plasmodium vivax malaria: A rare case report. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):416-8.
In tropical countries like India, malaria has been one of the most common parasitic illnesses leading to frequent hospitalization and causing major economic burden among the masses. Although Plasmodium vivax infection is considered to be benign, in contrast to Plasmodium falciparum infection which is notorious for its severe splenic complications can occur frequently. Splenomegaly tends not to receive special attention, as it is not usually accompanied by any symptoms and can be gradually resolved via standard antimalarial therapy. Splenic infarction, although rarely attributable to malaria in an endemic region with high parasitemia, can be a rare presentation of this disease entity.
- Plasmodium vivax cerebral malaria complicated with venous sinus thrombosis in Colombia. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):413-5.
Complicated malaria is usually due to Plasmodium falciparum. Nevertheless, Plasmodium vivax is infrequently related with life-threatening complications. Few cases have been reported of severe Plasmodium vivax infection, and most of them from Southeast Asia and India. We report the first case of cerebral malaria due to Plasmodium vivax in Latin America, complicated with sagittal sinus thrombosis and confirmed by a molecular method.
- Longitudinal follow-up of patients with mild traumatic brain injury by magnetic resonance spectroscopic technique. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):410-2.
To explore the changes in the concentrations of neural markers immediately or several months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).The metabolic markers of neurons in white matter tissues above the lateral ventricle were semi-quantitatively determined by employing 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic technique (1-H-MRS) in 30 clinically diagnosed cases of mTBI. At the same time, the neurological functions of the subjects, including ability to pay attention, memory, working memory and operational capacity etc were also assessed.The patients were followed up for, on average, 13 days after mTBI and the results showed that Cre, PCre and Glx in the white matter tissues were significantly elevated in mTBI patients. 17 patients (57%) recovered from the injury during the follow-up (median was defined as the 40th post-trauma day). Comparison in terms of intelligence among groups revealed that the levels of neural markers of intelligence development was positively related with intelligence scores).Change in Glx concentrations is most sensitive during trauma or in ensuing repairing processes, and might be different from normal status in the following months and Glx level tends to be accompanied with change in Cre, another energy-related marker.
- Effect of ionizing radiation on transcription of colorectal cancer MDR1 gene of HCT-8 cells. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):407-9.
To discuss effect of ionizing radiation on transcription of colorectal cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) 1 gene of HCT-8 cells.Total RNA was extracted by guanidine thiocyanate one-step method. Northern blot was applied to detect transcription level of MDR1 gene. The expression of P-gp protein was detected by flow cytometry.The expression of MDR1 of normal colorectal cancer HCT-8 cells was low. It was increased by 8.35 times under stimulus with 2 Gy. When treated with low doses in advance, high expressed MDR was decreased significantly under 0.05, 0.1 Gy, which was 69.00%, 62.89% in 2 Gy group and 5.77 times, 5.25 times in sham irradiation group. No obvious difference was detected between (0.2+2) Gy group and 2 Gy group. Compared with sham irradiation group, the percentage of P-gp positive cells after radiation of a high 2 Gy dose was increased significantly (P<0.01). When treated with high radiation dose following low radiation dose (0.05 Gy, 0.1 Gy) in advance, the percentage of P-gp positive cells were also increased significantly. The percentage of P-gp positive cells were increased obviously in 0.2 Gy and 2 Gy groups. Compared with simple high radiation 2 Gy group, the percentage of P-gp positive cells was decreased significantly (P<0.05).Low radiation dose can reverse multidrug resistance of colorectal cancer cells caused by high radiation dose.
- Expression and significance of VEGF and p53 in rat degenerated intervertebral disc tissues. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):404-6.
To discuss the expression and significance of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and p53 expression in rat degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues.A total of 78 even-aged Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (observation group) were chosen to establish a rat IVD degeneration model with anterior limbs and tail-removing method. Three months after modeling, rats were executed and degenerated IVD tissues were obtained for pathological biopsy so as to observe VEGF and p53 expression thereof. Meanwhile, IVD tissues from 8 healthy rats were gained for comparison.Capillary infiltration was found in 62.8% of cases in observation group. Positive expression of VEGF and p53 was seen in 74.4% and 59.0% of cases respectively with a co-expression rate of 53.8%. VEGF and p53 expression in degenerated IVD tissues with capillary infiltration was higher than that in non-infiltration group (P<0.05).A coordinate expression of VEGF and p53 in rat degenerated IVD tissues is demonstrated, indicating that they are both involved in neovascularization and infiltration, which accelerates IVD degeneration.
- Lymph node mapping in rabbit liver cancer with nanocarbon and methylene blue injecta. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):400-3.
To discuss the value of lymph node mapping in rabbit liver cancer with nanocarbon and methylene blue injecta.Rabbit liver cancer model was established by transplanting VX2 cells with laparotomy in celiac planting method. Twenty Japan white rabbits were divided into two groups randomly. Each group had 10 rabbits. Lymph node mapping in two groups rabbit liver cancer were observed. Two groups rabbit liver cancer and local lymph nodes were removed. The number and location of local lymph nodes were recorded, and then the samples were obtained from both groups.The lymph nodes dyed time was (100.50±29.92) s in nanocarbon group, and (11.20±4.18) s in methylene blue group with statistical significance between two groups (P=0.000). In the comparison of lymph node fading time, nanocarbon group was (2.22±0.74) h, methylene blue group was (1.63±0.54) h, nanocarbon group was longer than the methylene blue group, but without statistical significance (P=0.058). The accuracy was 87.5% (35/40) in methylene blue group, while, the nanocarbon group was 87.2% (34/39), with statistical significance (P=1.000).Experimental results show that application of nanocarbon injection and methylene blue injection during resection of liver cancer and local lymph nodes in rabbit liver cancer model has obvious tracer function in liver cancer and lymphatic drainage. It can reduce the complexity and risk of the operation, and avoid the blindness in the process of traditional lymph node dissection surgery. Besides, they can effectively reduce the number of residual lymph nodes after operation. It can achieve the lymph node dissection more thoroughly, promptly, easily and safely.
- The effect of ischemic precondition to IL-6 on rat liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in transplantation. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):395-9.
To investigate the effect of ischemic precondition to protect ischemia-reperfusion injury and reduce IL-6 expression in the rats liver transplantation.The rat portal vein infusion of autologous liver transplantation model were used. The rats were divided into ischemic preconditioning rats liver transplantation group (A group), the rats liver transplantation group (B group) and the normal rat control group (C group). Then we analyzed the changes of liver function, liver microstructure and the expression of IL-6, SOD and MDA within 48 h.The pathology of liver in group A showed lobular architecture essentially normal, the liver cells was slightly swell and no significant changes in postoperative 12 h. In transmission electron microscope (46 000×), the mitochondria of liver cells in group A became swelling, elliptical can cristae partially broken. But there still has a small amount of arrangement. While that in group, the mitochondria were swollen, became round, serious visible crest reduce or ruptured. The result of over function test showed that the serum ALT and AST levels in group A and B were both higher than that in group C at each time period, but the serum ALT and AST levels in group A were lower than that in group B. The expression changes of IL-6 in group B were higher than that in group A and B (P<0.05). The expression of MDA in group A is more obvious than that in group B (P<0.05)Ischemic precondition could alleviate part of ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat liver transplantation, and also could reduce IL-6 expression to protect the liver cells against liver damage and inflammatory cytokine production.
- Effect of nonpeptide NK1 receptor antagonist L-703,606 on the edema formation in rats at early stage after deep partial-thickness skin scalding. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):387-94.
To investigate the effect and the relevant potential mechanism of nonpeptide neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonist L-703,606 in the edema formation after burn injury.L-703,606 treatment was performed in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at early stage after deep partial-thickness skin scalding. One hundred and fifty two adult male SD rats were used in the study and randomly divided into sham scald (SS, n=8), scald control (SC, n=48), and L-703,606 treatment (LT, n=48) groups. The rats in SC and LT groups were subjected to 20% total body surface area (TBSA) deep partial-thickness skin scalding. Modified Evans blue extravasation, tracing electron microscopy by lanthanum nitrate and mean water content assay were employed to observe and detect the changes of vascular permeability, ultrastructure and edema formation in adjacent tissue to the wounds and in the jejuna of rats at early stage (72 h) after scald.The pathological increase of vascular permeability in the periwound tissue and jejunum of rats in LT group were significantly lower than that in SC group (P<0.01), and recuperated earlier. Meanwhile, the changes of water contents of corresponding tissues in LT group were lighter than those in SC group (P<0.01). The ultrastructural changes of the microvessels in the peri-wound tissue of LT group showed that the junctions between microvascular endothelium cells were more narrow than those of SC group, moreover, and the number of opening and the engorgement and cavitation of the vascular endothelium cells decreased, the areosis and edema in perivascular tissue lightened, and the precipitation of the high eletron density lanthanum tracing agent in the interspace of the tissue decreased significantly in LT group.It is concluded that nonpeptide NK1-receptor antagonist L-703,606 could lighten the vascular permeability and edema formation in the periwound tissue and jejunum, and accelerate the normalization process of pathological changes in the tissues of rats after scald.
- Serum EGF and NGF levels of patients with brain injury and limb fracture. [Journal Article]
- Asian Pac J Trop Med 2013 May 13; 6(5):383-6.
To explore the expression and significance of human epidermal growth factor (EGF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in patients with knee osteoarthritis.RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to measure the serum EGF and NGF expression levels of patients with limb fracture and brain trauma injurry after 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d and the relationship between them was analyzed. The level was compared among the simple fracture group, traumatic brain injury group and the normal control group, with 40 cases in each group.The serum NGF levels were significantly different among three groups. Serum NGF, EGF mRNA and protein levels gradually decreased with the increasing injury time in the limb fracture combined with brain injury group, traumatic brain injury group, the simple fracture group and the health control group (P<0.05).The serum of NGF, EGF levels significantly increased when limb fracture combined with brain injury, so EGF and NGF may be involved in the process of fracture healing.