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Bratisl Lek Listy [journal]
- Pathophysiological view of the possible restoration of movement after spinal cord transverse injury. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):113-115.
- Statins, coenzyme Q10 and diabetes type 2. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):112.
- Mathematical modelling for the comparison of plate and intramedullary osteosynthesis stability in intraarticular distal radius fractures. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):107-11.
Background:A comparison between plate and intramedullary osteosynthesis techniques in terms of the biomechanical stability of distal radius fracture fixation.
Methods:Mathematical modelling was used to simulate distal radius fractures, type C1 and type C2, and to compare the stability of osteosynthesis in both techniques under several wrist joint load conditions: axial compressive loading of the radius, bending loads in volar and dorsal flexion and radial and ulnar deviation, and axial torsional loading of the forearm.
Results:For both type C1 and type C2 fractures, the stability of intramedullary osteosynthesis was comparable with plate osteosynthesis in dorsal flexion. Plate osteosynthesis proved to be more stable only in ulnar deviation. The intramedullary X-screw technique provided more stability when loads were applied in volar flexion, radial deviation, pronation and supination, and in axial loading of the radius.
Conclusions:The result of mathematical simulations was comparable for both types of fracture. It showed a higher stability of intramedullary osteosynthesis. Although when lower force intensity was applied, both techniques were comparable (Fig. 8, Ref. 16). Keywords: mathematical modelling, distal radius fracture, locking plate osteosynthesis, intramedullary osteosynthesis, stability.
- Extremely high concentration of folates in premature newborns. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):103-6.
Objectives:Extremely high concentration of folates in premature newborns: case reports.
Background:Folates are a group of water soluble compounds, which are important for metabolic processes in human body. These are important during periods of rapid cell growth. The most accurate indicator of long-term folate level status in the body is the determination of red blood cell (RBC) folate concentrations. The optimal level of RBC folate is not known in neonatal period. Authors discuss the reasons for extremely high level of RBC folate concentrations.
Methods:In our work we present the cases of two premature newborns with extremely high level of RBC folate concentrations, which were analyzed immunochemically on the first day of life and after six weeks of life.
Results:In both cases we measured RBC folate concentrations on the 1st day of life. After 6 weeks we found extremely high RBC folate concentration level (5516.67 ng/ml) in the first case after RBC transfusions. In second case after two months of life the RBC folate concentration level was doubled (2335.1 ng/ml) until 24 hours after RBC transfusion compared to levels after birth.
Conclusion:The normal range of RBC folate values vary in newborns. The upper limit of daily dose of folic acid in pregnancy and neonatal period is not known. On the other hand it is an easily excreted water-soluble vitamin but in premature newborn it can lead to the disruption of metabolic balance and slow its degradation. Some factors can have an impact on RBC folate concentration. Blood transfusion can be one of the main influences on RBC folate concentration. To clarify these mechanisms further studies are required (Ref. 29). Keywords: newborn, folic acid, anaemia, red blood cell folate concentrations, blood transfusion.
- Kidney transplant early venous complications managed by reperfusion and re-transplantation - salvage procedure. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):101-2.
We report five cases of early venous complications, all successfully rescued by graft removal, re-perfusion and re-transplantation, these kidneys would have been lost otherwise. All kidneys were from deceased donors, mean donor age was 39 years (range 29-55), with serum creatitine levels on harvesting being 81 μmol/l (65-108), glomerular filtration of 1.46 ml/s (0.82-1.83). Reasons for venous complications were following: Two cases of renal vein stenosis, another two with renal vein laceration, one renal vein thrombosis for unknown reason. All the five kidney grafts have been rescued successfully. One year's results in this group comes as mean serum creatinine level of 127 μmol/l. The described approach gives a chance to the patients with early vein thrombosis and offers the kidney graft salvage (Ref. 4). Keywords: kidney transplantation, vascular complications, reperfusion, rescue.
- Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: prenatal diagnosis of cystoid formation, its progression and surgery. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):98-100.
Aim:Presentation of a rare localization of bronchogenic cyst in retroperitoneum.Material: A case of a patient with retroperitoneal localization of a bronchogenic cyst with a prenatally diagnosed cystic formation. The surgery was indicated at the age of 6 owing to the progression of lesion. The histopathological examination of removed cyst revealed the diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst. For four years following the surgery, the patient was clinically free of complications. The regularly performed ultrasound examinations of the abdomen have been showing normal findings.
Conclusion:Despite the fact that retroperitoneal localization of bronchial cyst is very rare it should be considered in differential diagnosis (Fig. 3, Ref. 16). Keywords: retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst, prenatal diagnosis, cystoid formation, progression and surgery.
- Prevention of neural tube defects by folic acid - awareness among women of childbearing age in Slovakia. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):91-7.
Background:Folic acid deficiency plays a central role in the aetiology of many congenital anomalies including neural tube defects. Protective effect of folic acid on embryo may be acquired only if taken periconceptionally.
Objectives:The aim of the study was to investigate the awareness about folic acid among women of childbearing age in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Methods:There were 130 respondents involved in the research (106 pregnant women, 24 female students of medical faculty). Using questionnaire we acquired following data: pregnancy details, interest in diet before and during pregnancy, recommendations regarding nutrition and supplementation pre- and post-conception, knowledge about folic and other acid in 2004 and 2009.
Results:More than half of the respondents knew the sources of folic acid. The interest in the nutrition facts of the food dropped from 91 % to 58.5 %. The number of pregnant women advised about correct nutrition and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy increased from 16 % to 37 %. Planning the next gravidity with folic acid supplementation became greater than 21 % (38 % in 2009). Nevertheless, only 46 % of these women believed that proper food content with folic acid may prevent congenital anomalies. In a group of students planning to take folic acid periconceptionally the number raised up to 62.5 %.
Conclusion:The results revealed low knowledge about the effect of folic acid on developing embryo among women of childbearing age. Effective intervention programs are needed with the aim to improve periconceptional intake of folic acid in 2004 and 2009. The results in both periods show low knowledge about this essential vitamin (Tab. 1, Fig. 8, Ref. 31). Keywords: neural tube defects, folic acid, prevention.
- Ultrasound monitoring of the treatment of clinically significant knee osteoarthritis. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):86-90.
Objectives:The study presented an ultrasound (US) monitoring of treatment as a new imaging US method with the results of therapy of clinically significant knee osteoarthritis.
Background:X-ray is widely used for knee osteoarthritis classification, which does not involve the evaluation of the soft tissue. High frequency and high resolution US of joints (arthrosonography, echoarthrography) assess not only morphologic but also functional changes in the knee joint.
Methods:In the prospective study, 110 patients with clinically significant knee osteoarthritis were treated non-operative. US examination and US monitoring of therapy was performed during 24 weeks therapy period. A remission of pathomorphologic (marginal osteofytes) and pathophysiologic (effusion in anterior knee and Baker´s cyst) attributes were evaluated according the US classification.
Results:Pathomorphologic attributes changes showed a static state, without remission or progression. Pathophysiologic attributes changes showed a remission during the study period. The highest remission was in the first three weeks, 60 % anterior knee effusion and 62 % Baker´s cyst. At the end of study, no changes from the initial US grade was observed in 16 % of effusion in anterior knee and 22 % of Baker´s cyst. Therapeutic resistant Baker´s cyst was present at the end of study in 36 %.
Conclusion:We demonstrated a new method - US monitoring of therapy, which can objectivize the efficiency of treatment of clinically significant knee osteoarthritis. We would recommend US monitoring of therapy for the routine use in orthopedic clinical praxis (Tab. 6, Graph 3, Fig. 3, Ref. 15). Keywords: clinically significant knee osteoarthritis, ultrasound monitoring of therapy, arthrosonography, echoarthrography.
- Activated platelets in patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):83-5.
Background:There is an increased risk of thromboembolic complications in inflammatory bowel disease. Activated platelets play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of this disease.
Aim:To evaluate platelet activation in inflammatory bowel disease.Material and method: This study comprised 20 healthy control subjects and a total of 20 patients. Out of them, 4 patients and 16 patients had suffered from Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, respectively. Nine patients were in active phase and 11 were in inactive phase of the disease. To evaluate platelet activation, we used the monoclonal antibodies of mouse anti-human CD42a-Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), CD42b-FITC and mouse anti-human CD62P-phycoerythrin. We assessed the activation of platelets in peripheral blood using flow cytometric analysis.Result: The platelet activation was found to be statistically significantly higher in the active-phase patient group when compared with the control subjects group. On the other hand, it was insignificant in the inactive patient group.
Conclusion:The results of our study might suggest that the elevation of CD62P expression in patients with inflammatory bowel disease could be used as a criterion of disease activation. Furthermore, agents with properties to diminish the platelet activation could prevent the development of thromboembolic complications in a patient with inflamatory bowel disease (Fig. 1, Ref. 15). Keywords: activated platelets, inflammatory bowel disease, thromboembolic complications, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, monoclonal antibodies.
- Treatment difficulty with acute GVHD - frequent cause of mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. [Journal Article]
- Bratisl Lek Listy 2014; 115(2):80-2.