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Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol [journal]
- Primary umbilical endometriosis: case report and literature review. [Case Reports, Journal Article, Review]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):562-4.
We present a case of primary endometriosis of the umbilicus in a young nulliparous patient without any previous history of abdominal or pelvic surgery. Primary endometriosis of extra pelvic sites is unusual while umbilical endometriosis is quite rare. Diagnosis of endometriosis is difficult to obtain and sometimes diagnoses can be false-positive or false-negative. Some imaging procedures can be done to rule out other disorders but it is difficult to differentiate them from endometriosis. A definite diagnosis can only be established by histopathological examination. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) is the staining of choice. Conservative surgical excision of the lesion and drugs such as oral contraceptives and gonadotropin releasing analogues are the first-line treatment.
- Endometrial osseous metaplasia and infertility: a case report. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):559-61.
Endometrial osseous metaplasia is a rare clinical entity. It causes infertility and occurs in more than 80% of cases after an abortion. Various theories have been proposed and the most accepted theory is metaplasia of the stromal cells into osteoblastic cells that produce bone. This disease may be misdiagnosed. However once diagnosed, the complete removal of bone spicules by hysteroscopy allows, in most cases, fertility to be restored. We present the case of a 36-year-old patient nulliparous with a history of abortion for eight years who consulted May 5, 2008 to become pregnant. Detailed examination showed chronic endometritis with bone metaplasia as a possible cause of her infertility. Seven months after complete removal of bone fragments by hysteroscopy, the patient had a spontaneous pregnancy with normal development. She gave birth to a male infant weighing 3,000 g with an Apgar score of 9 at 1 and 5 min. Delivery and postpartum were normal.
- Defect of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase in a patient with ten habitual misscarriages: a case report. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):556-8.
This is a case report of a 47-year-old patient that came to our Clinic due to bleeding during the 23rd week of twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-intracervical insemination/embryo transfer (IVF-ICI/ET) treatment. Prior to this pregnancy, this patient had had ten spontaneous miscarriages, eight of which following IVF-ICI/ET, and two following spontaneous conception, all in the eighth week of pregnancy. After several miscarriages by the age of 43, the patient was suggested to be tested for thrombophilia; it was then discovered that she had the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene defect, in the homozygous Tobiano (TT) form. Thus she was treated with cardiolipin and folic acid before pregnancy, and continued with folic acid after the pregnancy had been diagnosed. Fraxiparine 0.4 ml subcutaneous (s.c.) should be introduced from the second month of pregnancy until one day before delivery. It is a useful treatment for the patients with MTHFR defect, as it prevents miscarriage and promotes successful pregnancy.
- Pheochromocytoma in ectopic pregnancy: a case report. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):553-5.
To study pregnancy characteristics in women with pheochromocytoma and to improve awareness of this comorbidity among obstetricians and gynecologists.The diagnosis and treatment of a case of ectopic pregnancy with pheochromocytoma is described.The patient was diagnosed with a ruptured left Fallopian tube isthmus due to pregnancy, with comorbid left adrenal pheochromocytoma.Ectopic pregnancy with heavy bleeding and elevated blood pressure is indicative of pheochromocytoma. Measurement of the levels of urinary vanillylmandelic acid and urinary and serum catecholamines, as well as ultrasonography, can help diagnose this comorbidity.
- Ruptured subcapsular liver hematoma and pregnancy: a rare complication of severe preeclampsia: a report of a case discovered fortuitously at the Maternity Teaching Hospital of Cocody. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):550-2.
We report a case of spontaneous rupture of a subcapsular hematoma of the liver (SHL). It was discovered incidentally at the end of an emergency exploratory laparotomy performed due to unexplained hemoperitoneum with hypovolemic shock which occurred with severe preeclampsia. Diagnosis and therapeutic management are very difficult in sub-Saharan Africa due in part to the limitations and lack of medical equipment. The prognosis is usually marked by the death of the patient, as in our case. Through this clinical observation we wanted to show the interest in performing a liver ultrasound at any level of preeclampsia to detect liver abnormalities as soon as possible.
- Severe Asherman's syndrome complicated with placenta increta conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection following hysteroscopic surgery. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):547-9.
Although severe Asherman's syndrome is a disease that may cause infertility, pregnancy and childbirth are possible by performing hysteroscopic surgery. However, the obstetrical outcome is not always satisfactory. We report a case where severe Asherman's syndrome occurred following a cesarean section. Hysteroscopic surgery was performed due to secondary infertility, and pregnancy was achieved through a subsequent intracytoplasmic sperm injection. At 23 weeks of gestation, the patient was hospitalized due to the threat of premature labor, and a cesarean section was performed at 29 weeks of gestation after pregnancy-induced hypertension occurred. It was determined to be abnormal adherent placentation such as placenta increta through intraoperative findings, and a cesarean hysterectomy was performed. The pathological diagnosis of the uterus was placenta increta. Due to the risk of complications from placenta increta in pregnancies following hysteroscopic surgery in patients with severe Asherman's syndrome, it is important to realize the high risk involved in such cases during the pregnancy course, and careful perinatal management should be required.
- Successful pregnancy after uterovaginal anastomosis in patients with congenital atresia of cervix uteri. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):544-6.
We present a case of successful pregnancy after effective uterovaginal anastomosis in a 26-years-old patient with congenital atresia of the cervix uteri. She spontaneously achieved pregnancy after four years of uterovaginal anastomosis. Gestation was at the eighth lunar month and the delivery was done by cesarean section due to rapidly progressing fetal asphyxia. The patient gave birth to a live healthy male, weighing 1,950 g, with an Apgar score of 5 and 8 at 1 and 5 min, respectively. The postoperative course was uneventful, and leakage of lochia was normal.
- Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata and pregnancy: a case report. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):541-3.
Leimyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue. It is rare and is characterized by the development of multiple peritoneal nodules mimicking peritoneal carcinomatosis. We report a case of LPD diagnosed in a 35-year-old patient, G4/P1, without any major gynecological history. The patient underwent an elective cesarean section at 42 weeks, during which numerous peritoneal nodules ranging in size from 0.1 to 0.5 cm were found. Microscopic examination showed a proliferation of smooth-muscle cells without mitosis or atypia or necrosis.
- Conservative management of massive hematoperitoneum caused by ovulation in a patient with severe form of von Willebrand disease--a case report. [Case Reports, Journal Article]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):537-40.
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding condition that involves extended or excessive bleeding, caused by the deficiency or defect of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Hematoperitoneum as a complication of gynecologic diseases represents acute condition which is usually caused by the hemorrhagic corpus luteum or a rupture of either ectopic pregnancy or a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. The authors present a unique case of conservatively managed massive hematoperitoneum caused by ovulation in a patient with severe form of von Willebrand disease who had right adnexectomy due to hemorrhagic corpus luteum four months prior. This conservative management by blood product and factor concentrate support could be a method of choice in selected hemodynamically stable patients. Furthermore, recurrent bleeding episodes following ovulation could be prevented by suppression of ovulation using oral contraceptive pills.
- Holoprosencephaly in clomiphene-induced pregnancy: a possible association? A case report and literature review. [Case Reports, Journal Article, Review]
- Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 2012; 39(4):535-6.
Clomiphene is widely used for inducing ovulation. Evidence for congenital abnormalities, in particular central nervous system defects (CNS-D) and in babies born from clomiphene-induced pregnancies is conflicting. The authors report a case of holoprosencephalia (HPE) in a fetus delivered from a mother receiving clomiphene.