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Coll Antropol [journal]
- Cobalamin deficiency manifested with seizures, mood oscillations, psychotic features and reversible dementia in the absence of typical neurologic and hematologic signs and symptoms: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):317-9.
Cobalamin deficiency is associated with a wide spectrum of hematologic, neurologic, gastroenterologic and psychiatric disorders or symptoms. We report a case of a 50-year-old man with complex partial seizures with secondary generalization, mood oscillations and psychotic symptoms alternating with confusion and reversible dementia secondary to cobalamin deficiency in the absence of typical neurologic and/or hematologic symptoms and signs. Exclusion of epilepsy, acute, atrophic or expansive lesion of central nervous system and usual etiology associated with reversible dementia (infectious diseases, an endocrine etiology and deficiency of vitamins other than cobalamin); finding of cobalamin deficiency only and complete neuropsychiatric recovery after substitution, confirmed etiology. Typical and atypical psychiatric manifestations due to cobalamin deficiency that precede neurologic and/or hematologic signs and symptoms can recover completely after adequate replacement therapy.
- Two different manifestations of locked-in syndrome. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):313-6.
Locked-in syndrome (LIS) is an entity that usually occur a consequence of the lesion of ventral part of pons. Etiology of locked-in syndrome can be vascular and nonvascular origin. Locked-in syndrome usually occurs as a consequence of thrombosis of intermedial segment of basilar artery that induces bilateral infarction of the ventrobasal part of the pons. Additionally, LIS can be caused by trauma which often leads to posttraumatic thrombosis of basilar artery. The incidence of locked-in syndrome is still unknown. The basic clinical features of locked-in syndrome are: quadriplegia (a consequence of disruption of corticospinal pathways located in ventral part of pons), different stages of paralysis of mimic musculature, paralysis of pharynx, tongue and palate with mutism and anarthria. The patient can not move, but is conscious and can communicate only by eye movements. Two patients with locked-in syndrome were present in this article. In the first case, the patient had classic locked-in syndrome that was first described by Plum and Posner. Other patient had incomplete form of locket-in syndrome which was first described by Bauer. In these two patients locked-in syndrome occurred as a consequence of trauma. In the first patient locked-in syndrome was caused by direct contusion of ventral part of pons while in other patient locked-in syndrome was a consequence of posttraumatic thrombosis of vertebrobasilar artery. The introduction of anticoagulant therapy, besides the other measures of intensive therapy, has shown complete justification in the second patient. The gradual partial recovery of neurologic deficit has developed in the second patient without any additional complications.
- The H1N1 influenza pneumonia as early complication after heart transplantation--experience from the Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):309-11.
In April 2009, a novel influenza A (H1N1) virus was initially detected, and only after two months World Health Organization declared pandemic, while virus became globally present. We report here a confirmed case of patient suffering from H1N1 influenza pneumonia in an early period after heart transplantation. Complications of influenza A and B include viral pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia and possibly acute allograft rejection in the setting of weaning of immunosuppression. In our case H1N1 influenza pneumonia was treated according to the published guidelines and had a mild course of disease, but nevertheless emphasis should be put on the prevention of disease applying known general infection control procedures and vaccination while disease course cannot be predicted.
- The use of color duplex ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in the dissolution of idiopathic recurrent priapism in patient with congenital penile curvature--a case report. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):305-8.
Priapism, penile erection characterized as prolonged and devoid of sexual stimulation or excitement is a rare condition. It is critical to distinguish between low- and high-flow priapism, because the treatment algorithm differs markedly for these 2 conditions. The diagnosis is made clinically and confirmed with color Doppler ultrasonographic imaging (CDUS). We present a 21 year old men with high-flow priapism and left lateral congenital penile curvature. A duplex Winter shunt procedure was employed with corporeal irrigation of heparin solution and adrenalin solution instillation, but the priapism returned 12 hours after. Following several days slow instillation of phenilephrine or adrenaline solution accompanied by oral flutamide therapy resulted in complete detumescence. We used both CDUS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after treatment of priapism. Although CDUS has been the primary modality for cross-sectional imaging of the penis, the superior soft-tissue contrast and spatial resolution afforded by MRI provide an opportunity to advance imaging evaluation of this organ.
- Polypoid angiomyofibroblastoma tumor of nasal cavity: case report. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):301-4.
We report an extremely rare case and localization of polypoid angiomiofibroblastoma tumour, a case report and review of the world literature concerning angiomiofibroblastoma tumour. We present the case of a 74-year-old man who underwent left anterior and posterior ethmoidectomy with extirpation of tumour mass from left nasal cavity, epipharinx and left sphenoid sinus. The prognosis for this group of tumour is good and patient didn't receive any kind of therapy except surgical treatment. To our knowledge, this is a rare report in the world literature of polypoid angiomiofibroblastoma tumour of nasal cavity. This case indicates that angiomiofibroblastoma tumour of nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is a rare disease including its localisation which otolaryngologists should be aware of and one which should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumours involving sinonasal tract.
- Comorbidity of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and polyps ventriculi. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):297-9.
As it is known, many diseases of gastric system cause changes in the oral cavity, with either pathological findings or subjective impressions. When these changes are of pathological nature, the most common finding is recurrent aphthous stomatitis on the tongue, which emerges as a consequence of gastric diseases. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a disorder characterised by recurrent ulcerations limited to the oral mucosa, without any other signs of diseases. According to their clinical form, they may be big, small and hyperform. Etiology of recurrent aphthae is genetic predisposition, systemic diseases (virus, certain vitamin deficiency, gastric disorders), and autoimmune disorder and psychogenesis. The symptoms include a prodromal burning sensation and ulceration emerging within 24-48 hours as round symmetrical lesions inflicting the entire oral cavity except for palate and gingiva. Polyps ventriculi are tumours on the gastric mucosa. They can lie on a broad background or hang on the stem, and may be both individual and clustered at the same time. They are more common with elderly male population. They may have a malignant alteration. According to WHO, they have been classified as hyperplastic and neoplastic polyps. Etiology of polyps is atrophic gastritis or H. pylori.
- Peutz-Jeghers syndrome complicated with intussusception: enteroscopic polyps resections through laparotomy. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):293-6.
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by intestinal hamartomatous polyps in association with mucocutaneous pigmentations. Here we present a case of a 30-year-old woman who was hospitalized and underwent diagnostic procedures because of crampy abdominal pain. Physical examination on admission revealed pigmented spots around lips and on the oral mucosa. Multiple polyps were found in stomach, small and large intestine, with signs of initial ileo-ileal intussusception. After endoscopic removal of achievable polyps, we applied gastroscope through laparotomy and enterotomy and removed total number of 34 polyps from small bowel. The polyps were found to be mostly hamartomatous at histological examination. This procedure can provide removal of the most polyps, which are potentially premalignant, also with less complicationes than after multiple intestinal resectiones.
- An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during laparoscopy in patient who gave birth to eleven children: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):289-91.
Congenital uterine anomalies are often asymptomatic. They may present with infertility, recurrent miscarriage, preterm delivery, abnormal lie in pregnancy and other obstetric complications. We report the case of a 38-year old patient with unicornuate uterus without rudimentary horn and with unilateral left ovarian agenesis and unilateral left renal agenesis who gave birth to eleven children. Anomaly was incidentally diagnosed during laparoscopic sterilization.
- First quadricuspid aortic valve to be reported in Croatia. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):285-7.
Quadricuspid aortic valve is a rare congenital malformation of the aortic valve. Even in the era of a transthoracic and transesophageal ultrasound the occurrence is sometimes missed. Aortic incompetence occurs usually in 5th or 6th decade of life requiring surgical intervention. We report on a 70-year-old woman who presented with exertional dyspnea. In a diagnostic setting transthoracic ultrasound, helical computed tomography scan of the chest and coronary angiography including aortography were performed. Unusual aortic valve anatomy was not described as it was not expected. Finally, the diagnosis of this congenital malformation was established intraoperatively.
- Acute oxcarbazepine-induced hepatotoxicity in a patient susceptible to developing drug-induced liver injury. [Journal Article]
- Coll Antropol 2013 Mar; 37(1):281-4.
Oxcarbazepine (OXC) is generally accepted as a drug without risk of severe drug-induced hepatotoxicity, but according to recently reported pharmacovigilance data this statement has been challenged. However, in the literature there have been no reports of acute OXC-induced hepatotoxicity without systemic manifestations of Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome. We present a female with seizures one month after delivery who had borderline elevated liver enzymes prior to the initiation of OXC treatment. Two weeks after introducing OXC, highly elevated liver enzymes were found. After discontinuation of OXC the enzymes continued to rise for another week, and afterward gradually decreased. The causal relationship with OXC intake was determined to be highly probable. Two years later, the transitory elevation of liver enzymes was observed during the treatment of acute tonsilopharingitis with amoxicillin + clavulanic acid. The repeated elevation of liver enzymes related to use of different drugs might indicate patients susceptibility for drug induced liver injuries. We suggest that monitoring of liver function tests would be clinically rational for early detection of acute OXC-induced liver hepatotoxicity in the patients with clinical and/or laboratory features which might be interpreted as possible risk factors of the increased susceptibility to drug induced liver injuries.