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Contemp Clin Dent [journal]
- The fear and fever of publication? [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):522.
- Maxillary lateral incisors with two canals and two separate curved roots. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):519-21.
Variation in the roots and root canal anatomy seems to be the norm rather than an exception. For a successful endodontic treatment, a clinician should have a thorough knowledge of the internal and external dental anatomy and its variations. Maxillary lateral incisors usually exhibit single canal with a single root. In this case, clinical examination and radiographs clearly demonstrates the presence of two root canals with two separate curved roots. This case report emphasizes the need for attention during endodontic management of maxillary lateral incisors.
- Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (Gorlin-Goltz syndrome). [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):514-8.
The Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), is an infrequent multisystemic disease inherited in a dominant autosomal way, which shows a high level of penetrance and variable expressiveness. It is characterized by odontogenic keratocysts in the jaw, multiple basal cell nevi carcinomas and skeletal abnormalities. This syndrome may be diagnosed early by a dentist by routine radiographic exams in the first decade of life, since the odontogenic keratocysts are usually one of the first manifestations of the syndrome. This case report presents a patient diagnosed as NBCCS by clinical, radiographic and histological findings in a 13-year-old boy. This paper highlights the importance of early diagnosis of NBCCS which can help in preventive multidisciplinary approach to provide a better prognosis for the patient.
- Multidisciplinary management of an unusual case of multiple developmental defects in lateral incisor followed by intrusive injury to primary incisors. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):510-3.
Dental traumatic injuries occur frequently in children. The close relationship between the apices of primary teeth and germ of the permanent successors can lead to developmental disturbances in the permanent dentition. Developmental disorder can occur in any tooth. One of the most common teeth affected is lateral incisor. These developmental anomalies can cause various clinical problems. Clinical and radiographic characteristics of these anomalies may sometime present confusing picture. Therefore, recognition of this condition, early diagnosis, and treatment are important to avoid complications. High prevalence of dental trauma in young children emphasizes the need of educational and preventive programs in schools. Dentist plays important role in early diagnosis of disturbances in the permanent successor teeth by rigorous clinical and radiographic follow-up examination.
- Huge lipoma of tongue. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):507-9.
Lipoma is the commonest benign tumor occurring at any anatomical site, where fat is present. In oral cavity and oropharynx, it is a relatively uncommon neoplasm. Tongue, which is totally devoid of fat cell is also a site for lipoma but very rarely. We report one such rare case of the universal tumor, of 20 years of duration and 9 cm in size, presenting at the lateral margin, dorsal and ventral surface of the tongue, for which complete tumor excision was done.
- Stylocarotid syndrome: An unusual case report. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):503-6.
Patients presenting with vague head and neck pain can lead to wide-ranging differential diagnosis. Elongation of styloid process (SP) should also be considered as one of the etiological factors for cervical pain radiating to jaws, pharyngodynia, and difficulty in swallowing. Symptomatic elongation of SP or mineralization of stylohyoid ligament is referred as Eagle's syndrome. It is a rare entity presenting with an array of symptoms like recurrent throat pain, dysphagia, otalgia, and neck pain. History and physical examination play a vital role in diagnosing this condition and further radiological investigation confirms the diagnosis. The preferred radiologic modality is 3D-computed tomography, which gives accurate information about length, angulation, type of elongation, and relation to vital structures and hence helps in execution of treatment planning. This paper describes clinical approach, imaging investigations, and management of a case of Eagle's syndrome.
- Genetics and presence of non-syndromic supernumerary teeth: A mystery case report and review of literature. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):499-502.
Presence of supernumerary teeth is well-recognized clinical phenomenon. However, it is uncommon to find multiple supernumeraries in individuals with no other associated disease or syndrome. Presence of multiple supernumerary teeth is thought to have genetic component. We report a rare case where multiple supernumerary teeth were seen without presence of any other syndrome in 3 generations; father, son, and two grandsons. We also present a review of similar cases published in literature till date. The role of genetics in development of supernumerary teeth is highlighted.
- Ewing's sarcoma of mandible: A case report and review of Indian literature. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):494-8.
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a rare malignancy primarily affecting skeletal system and it is commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. It seldom occurs in the head and neck region. ES has poor prognosis because of uncontrolled metastatic potential making early diagnosis and intervention critical for survival of the patient. This paper reports a rare case of ES involving mandible in an 8-year-old girl with clinical, radiological, histopathological and immunohistochemical features.
- Mineral trioxide aggregate pulpotomy: An ideal treatment option for management of talon cusp. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):491-3.
To use mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in prophylactic management of talon cusp. Talon cusp is an endodontic oddity that possesses a treatment challenge to the clinician, especially when it causes esthetic and functional problems. Management ranges from periodic gradual reduction to radical removal followed by vital pulp/endodontic therapy. MTA has replaced calcium hydroxide as pulp capping material because of its superior properties. A 12-year-old boy reported with a complaint of irregular teeth. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed talon cusp on maxillary left central incisor. Radical removal of talon cusp and MTA pulpotomy was performed. The 4-year follow-up showed the positive pulp vitality test without any radiographic changes, emphasizing the use of MTA pulpotomy in successful management of talon cusp.
- Traumatic pseudo-lipoma in 3-year-old child. [Journal Article]
- Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Oct; 3(4):487-90.
The buccal fat pad is relatively large and prominent in neonates, infants and young children. The main function of this fat pad is considered as a cushioning tissue and sucking pad. A minor tear of buccal mucosa and buccinator muscle can result in herniation of large volume of fat into oral cavity that is termed as "pseudolipoma." The young children tend to be very playful while brushing their teeth. Improper brushing technique resulted in severe trauma to the buccal fat, including soft-tissue between buccinator and retromolar area. This article presents a case-report of a female child who developed traumatic pseudolipoma after faulty tooth brushing for long duration and its management along with its detail review of literature.