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Current sports medicine reports [journal]
- Rehabilitation and return to running after lower limb stress fractures. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):200-7.
Lower limb stress fractures are common injuries in runners. In terms of treatment, much of the medical literature has focused primarily on rest and cessation of running, but little has been written about the rehabilitation and functional progression of runners following a lower limb stress fracture. This article reviews the scientific evidence behind common rehabilitation concepts used for runners recovering from these injuries and also discusses sport-specific training modalities such as deep water running and antigravity treadmill training. Overall this article is intended to be a practical resource for clinicians to guide runners in functional rehabilitation and return to running following lower limb stress injury.
- Recognition and rehabilitation of the female athlete triad/tetrad: a multidisciplinary approach. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):190-9.
While the benefits of physical activity are numerous, the female athlete triad poses a significant health risk to young athletes. Emerging research links the triad to endothelial dysfunction - a sentinel event in cardiovascular disease - suggesting that this complex interplay of metabolic and endocrine factors may be described more accurately as a tetrad. Effective treatment of the triad/tetrad requires a multidisciplinary approach. Emphasis must be placed on prevention, recognition, and treatment of triad for the promotion of healthy nutritional and activity profiles in female athletes across their lifespans.
- Injury and illnesses prevention for ultramarathoners. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):183-9.
The popularity of ultramarathon races continue to grow with runners participating in races throughout the world. These events offer challenges unique to an ultramarathon compared to a marathon race. These challenges require the athlete to focus on factors including race distance, race stages, race environment (temperature, humidity, and altitude), appropriate training, nutritional preparation, and equipment. Athletes ill prepared for these challenges will be at risk from injury and illness. The goal of this article is to review preventive strategies for managing commonly encountered musculoskeletal injuries and medical illnesses in ultramarathon runners.
- Eccentric training for the treatment of tendinopathies. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):175-82.
Tendinopathy can result from overuse and is experienced in the affected tendon as pain with activity, focal tenderness to palpation, and decreased ability to tolerate tension, which results in decreased functional strength. While tendinopathy often occurs in those who are active, it can occur in those who are inactive. Research has shown that an eccentric exercise program can be effective in the treatment of tendinopathies. The earliest studied was the Achilles tendon, and subsequent studies have shown benefits using eccentric exercises on other body regions including the patellar tendon, proximal lateral elbow, and rotator cuff. In this article, we review the research on using an eccentric exercise program in the treatment of painful tendinopathy and proposed mechanisms for why eccentric exercises are effective in treating this and then finish by providing a general framework for prescribing an eccentric exercise program to those with a symptomatic tendinopathy.
- Bilateral chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the forearm: a case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):170-4.
- Sideline management from head to toe of the skeletally immature athlete. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):162-9.
Many articles have been written on specific injury patterns and types of injuries that occur in sports, but few have addressed sideline management with a specific focus on the injuries affecting skeletally immature athletes. This article will review the most common injuries that can occur with the skeletally immature athlete from head to toe in comparison to a skeletally mature or adult athlete. It will address also how to approach these injuries from a sideline and sports medicine perspective, thus providing insight for health care professionals to evaluate and treat young athletes that could allow them to return to sports safely.
- Medical coverage of youth basketball events. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):156-61.
Basketball is among the most popular team sports for boys and girls in the United States and is continuing to grow in popularity worldwide. Increased popularity translates to an increased number of events and, unfortunately, the injuries that occur as a result. In this article, we discuss ways to be prepared in the coverage of youth basketball events, with an emphasis on the evaluation and treatment of some of the most commonly encountered injuries within the sport of basketball. We also give special consideration to injuries that are specific to the skeletally immature athlete. By having a greater knowledge and understanding of these injuries, a provider of medical coverage for basketball events hopefully will gain a higher sense of confidence in handling associated problems as they arise.
- Medical management of youth baseball and softball tournaments. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):150-5.
The medical management of youth baseball and softball tournaments requires both proper planning and a basic awareness of commonly seen sport-specific injuries. While youth sporting events are designed to be a fun experience for all, injuries and emergencies will occur. With proper planning, and supplies, the impact of these issues can be minimized. This article will outline some basic principles for the medical personnel that may be involved in youth baseball and softball events.
- Sideline coverage of youth football. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):143-9.
Youth football is a popular sport in the United States and has been for some time. There are currently more than 3 million participants in youth football leagues according to USA Football. While the number of participants and overall injuries may be higher in other sports, football has a higher rate of injuries. Most youth sporting events do not have medical personnel on the sidelines in event of an injury or emergency. Therefore it is necessary for youth sports coaches to undergo basic medical training in order to effectively act in these situations. In addition, an argument could be made that appropriate medical personnel should be on the sideline for collision sports at all levels, from youth to professional. This article will discuss issues pertinent to sideline coverage of youth football, including coaching education, sideline personnel, emergency action plans, age and size divisions, tackle versus flag football, and injury prevention.
- Marathon runner prolonged normothermic cardiopulmonary arrest and neurologically intact survival. [Journal Article]
- Curr Sports Med Rep 2013 May-Jun; 12(3):141-2.