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Dig Liver Dis [journal]
- Immunohistochemical analysis of metaplastic non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus shows phenotypic similarities to Barrett's oesophagus: A study in an Asian population. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 26.
Barrett's oesophagus is a premalignant condition, predisposing to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, some adenocarcinoma may arise in columnar lined oesophagus without goblet cells. Our aim was to evaluate the biological properties of non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus only and elucidate its relationship with Barrett's oesophagus and associated neoplasia.Endoscopic biopsies from patients with Barrett's oesophagus (n=30), non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus (n=14), Barrett's oesophagus associated high grade dysplasia (n=6) and adenocarcinoma (n=4) were selected. Immunostaining for villin, claudin 3 and MUC4 was performed. Statistical analysis was performed and a p value <0.05 was considered significant.Villin and MUC4 were positive in 42%, 100% each and 50% in non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus, Barrett's oesophagus, high grade dysplasia and adenocarcinoma respectively, while claudin 3 was 100% positive in all the groups. In non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus, six cases that were villin immunopositive, showed positive expression for claudin 3 and/or MUC4 and there was no difference from the high grade dysplasia or adenocarcinoma (p>0.05).Our results indicate that a subset of non-goblet columnar lined oesophagus shows an intestinal phenotype representing an early stage of Barrett's oesophagus. This subset probably harbours the potential to change into adenocarcinoma in the long term.
- Immigration, European Union and health issues: A commentary. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 26.
- Effects of carvedilol and propranolol on circulatory regulation and oxygenation in cirrhosis: A randomised study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 26.
Newer studies suggest that carvedilol, a beta-blocker with a moderate anti-alpha-1 activity, is superior to propranolol in reducing the portal pressure and risk of variceal bleeding. The effect on arterial blood pressure is a matter of concern especially in decompensated patients.to assess potential differential effects of beta-blockers and beta-blockers with moderate anti-alpha-1 activity on selected haemodynamic, humoral, and respiratory characteristics in cirrhosis.Patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension were randomised to receive carvedilol (n=16) or propranolol (n=13). Cardiac, systemic and splanchnic parameters along with oxygen saturation and plasma renin were measured at inclusion and after 3 months.Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output decreased equally, central circulation time and systemic vascular resistance increased significantly but similarly. Central blood volume, plasma volume and arterial compliance were unaltered. The QTc interval and renin levels decreased in the carvedilol group, however not significantly different from the propranolol group. Arterial oxygen saturation and alveolar arterial oxygen gradient remained constant in both groups. Hepatic venous pressure gradient decreased equally in the carvedilol and propranolol groups (-17% and -20%, non significant).Systemic haemodynamics and pulmonary effects of carvedilol and propranolol are modest and this study could not demonstrate any significant difference between the two treatments.
- Traumatic bile duct neuroma developing in a remnant choledochal cyst. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 27.
- Bone marrow-derived stem cells and hepatocarcinogenesis in hepatitis B virus transgenic mice. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 25.
Several studies have demonstrated that cancer can develop with the contribution of bone marrow-derived cancer stem cells. We evaluated the possible involvement of bone marrow-derived stem cells in hepatocarcinogenesis in a hepatitis B virus (HBV) transgenic mouse model.Bone marrow cells from wild type male mice were transplanted into sublethally irradiated, female, HBV transgenic mice with hepatocarcinoma nodules. Four months later, liver tissue was examined to localize neoplastic nodules/foci and characterize cells by evaluating the Y-chromosome and the hepatocyte lineage marker hepatocyte nuclear factor-1 (HNF1), as well as the HBsAg encoding gene (HBs-Eg) and HBsAg protein (HBs-Pr) (present only in cells of female origin).Hepatocytes were HBs-Eg/HBs-Pr-positive in "normal" tissue, while resulted only HBs-Eg-positive in regenerative areas. Neoplastic foci/nodules were both HBs-Eg/HBs-Pr-negative. In the liver, 19±5% of cells were Y-chromosome-positive and about one fifth were HNF1-positive. Y-chromosome and HBs-Eg colocalized in HNF1-positive cells. Y-chromosome-positive cells never localized in neoplastic foci/nodules (HBs-Pr/HBs-Eg-negative).Bone marrow-derived stem cells participate in the hepatic regenerative process but not in neoplastic growth. Simultaneous detection of both Y-chromosome and HBs-Eg in the nucleus of an HNF1-positive cell (hepatocyte) demonstrates a phenomenon of cell fusion.
- An explorative data-analysis to support the choice between hepatic resection and radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 24.
Whether to prefer hepatic resection or radiofrequency ablation as first line therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma is a matter of debate.To compare outcomes of resection and ablation, in the treatment of early hepatocellular carcinoma, through a decision-making analysis.Data of 388 cirrhotic patients undergoing resection and of 207 undergoing radiofrequency ablation were reviewed. Two distinct regression models were devised and used to perform sensitivity and probabilistic analyses, to overcome biases of covariate distributions.Actuarial survival curves showed no difference between resection and ablation (P=0.270) despite the fact that ablated patients were older, with worse liver function and smaller, unifocal tumours (P<0.05), suggesting a complex, non-linear relationship between clinical, tumoral variables and treatments. Sensitivity and probabilistic analyses suggested that the superiority of resection over ablation decreased at higher Model for-End stage Liver Disease scores, and that ablation provided better results for smaller tumours and higher Model for-End stage Liver Disease scores. In patients with 2-3 tumours up to 3cm, the two treatments produced opposite comparative results in relation to the Model for-End stage Liver Disease score.The superiority, or the equivalence, of resection and ablation depends on the non-linear relationship existing between treatment, tumour number, size and degree of liver dysfunction.
- Efficacy and safety of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis for ulcerative colitis: A meta-analysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 21.
Safe and effective treatments are required for patients with ulcerative colitis. It was suggested that granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis might play an important role for ulcerative colitis. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed.Medline and the Cochrane controlled trials register were used to identify randomized controlled trials comparing granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis with corticosteroids, and comparing intensive with conventional apheresis in patients with ulcerative colitis.Nine randomized trials were eligible for inclusion criteria. According to pooled data, granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis is effective for inducing clinical remission in patients with ulcerative colitis compared with corticosteroids (odds ratio, 2.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.38-3.60). However, the efficacy of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis was not dependent on the number of apheresis sessions. The intensive apheresis (≥2 sessions per week) is more effective for inducing clinical remission than weekly apheresis (odds ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval: 1.12-3.93). The rate of adverse events by apheresis was significantly lower than that by corticosteroids (odds ratio, 0.24; 95% confidence interval: 0.15-0.37).Our meta-analysis reveals that intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis is a safe and effective treatment with higher rates of clinical remission and response for ulcerative colitis compared with corticosteroids.
- The dilemma for patients with chronic hepatitis C: Treat now or warehouse? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 21.
- Low incidence but poor prognosis of complicated coeliac disease: A retrospective multicentre study. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 19.
Coeliac disease is a chronic enteropathy characterized by an increased mortality caused by its complications, mainly refractory coeliac disease, small bowel carcinoma and abdominal lymphoma. Aim of the study was to study the epidemiology of complications in patients with coeliac disease.Retrospective multicenter case-control study based on collection of clinical and laboratory data. The incidence of complicated coeliac disease was studied among coeliac patients directly diagnosed in four Italian centres. Patients referred to these centres after a diagnosis of coeliac disease and/or complicated coeliac disease in other hospitals were therefore excluded.Between 1/1999 and 10/2011, 1840 adult coeliac patients were followed up for 7364.3 person-years. Fourteen developed complications. Since five patients died, at the end of the observation period (10/2011), the prevalence of complicated coeliac disease was 9/1835 (1/204, 0.49%, 95% CI 0.2-0.9%). The annual incidence of complicated coeliac disease in the study period was 14/7364 (0.2%, 95% CI 0.1-0.31%). Although complications tend to occur soon after the diagnosis of coeliac disease, Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that they can actually occur at any time after the diagnosis of coeliac disease.Complications of coeliac disease in our cohort were quite rare, though characterised by a very high mortality.
- Chemotherapy versus self-expanding metal stent as primary treatment of severe dysphagia from unresectable oesophageal or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Dig Liver Dis 2013 Nov 20.
To compare chemotherapy first (group 1) versus self-expanding metal stent first (group 2) for the management of malignant dysphagia in unresectable oesophageal or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer.Patients from two university hospitals with severe malignant dysphagia (dysphagia score≥2) uneligible for surgery or radiochemotherapy were evaluated retrospectively.Forty-two patients were included in group 1, and 29 in group 2. After 4 weeks, dysphagia scores improved by at least 1 point in 67% of patients in group 1 versus 93% in group 2 (p=0.01); 48% of patients in group 1 were able to eat solid food versus 68% in group 2 (p=0.054). In group 1, a self-expanding metal stent was secondarily placed in 18 patients (42.9%), whereas in group 2 dysphagia required a second self-expanding metal stent placement in 33.3% of patients.Chemotherapy as the first treatment may be a valid option, avoiding self-expanding metal stent insertion in half of the patients.