Download the Free Unbound MEDLINE PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.
Available for iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Android.
Eksp Klin Farmakol [journal]
- [Pharmacological prophylaxis and treatment of recidivating respiratory disorders in children]. [English Abstract, Journal Article, Review]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):38-42.
Interferon is the most important mediator of natural immunity, which suggests the use of interferon inducers as therapeutic and preventive agents in the treatment of acute respiratory diseases (ARDs) in children classified into a group of sickly and repeated-ARD patients. The article describes cycloferon--a drug belonging to the group of endogenous interferon inductor--and its mechanism of action, shows its prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy in children with recurrent ARDs. The clinical and pharmacological effectiveness of cycloferon has been confirmed by studying the proteomic profiles of blood plasma in sickly children.
- [Modern combined oral contraceptive pills]. [English Abstract, Journal Article, Review]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):30-7.
Hormonal contraceptives possess unique additional (non-contraceptive) properties that offer potential health benefits and help maintaining good quality of life. This review presents the existing notions about molecular mechanisms of the direct and side effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs), and gives a generalized classification of synthetic progestins. A new illustrative scheme, showing the androgen and corticoid properties of synthetic progestins, is presented. Main principles of the individual selection of hormonal COCPs are discussed.
- [Reamberin optimizes drug therapy in children with acute Epstein-Barr viral infection]. [English Abstract, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):26-9.
The efficacy of a 1.5% reamberin solution possessing detoxicating, antihypoxant, antioxidant, and membrane-protective properties, used as a component of the complex infusion therapy in children with acute Epstein-Barr virus infection, has been estimated. The dynamics of the inflammatory process in children treated by the drug complex including reamberin is characterized by rapid relief of general symptoms, improvement of state, and reduction in length of the febrile period of disease as compared to patients treated with glucose-saline solutions and basic therapy. The administration of reamberin in children contributed to the early elimination of metabolic shifts by the period of convalescence, as evidenced by improvement in some laboratory parameters, including protein-synthesis function of the liver.
- [Wound-healing effect of carbopol hydrogels in rats with alloxan diabetes model]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):20-5.
The effects of 0.5% hydrogels of acrylic polymers (carbopol), antibiotic ointment based on polyethylene oxides (levomekol), silver-containing creams (dermazin and argosulfan), silver sulfadiazine ointment with epidermal growth factor (ebermin), and wound-covering fabric of antibacterial cellulose with poviargol and zero-valent silver (aquacell-Ag) on skin repair processes have been evaluated in comparative experiments on rats. The wound-healing effects were characterized by the time of cleansing and epithelization, rate of suppuration, index of healing, and skin impedance under conditions of necrotic skin lesions on the background of diabetes. It is established that local application of carbopol hydrogels modified by electric (frequency-modulated) signal with antiseptics (poviargol) and nanostructural components (natural fullerene complex) shortens the period of wound cleansing from detritus on the background of decompensated diabetes by 3.6 days (p > 0.05), accelerates healing by 8.4 days (p < 0.05), reduces the frequency of suppuration by 23.3% (p < 0.05), exhibits strong bactericidal effect against wound infections by pathogens, and restores tissue impedance. Thus, hydrogels based on low-crosslinked acrylic polymers are a promising basis of wound-healing formulations for the treatment of necrotic lesions on the background of diabetic foot syndrome.
- [The absolute bioavailability of benzimidazole derivative RU-1205 in rats]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):17-9.
Pharmacokinetics of morpholinoethylimidazobenzimidazole derivative RU-1205 with kappa-agonist activity have been studied. The pharmacokinetic parameters were determined upon intravenous (10 mg/kg), peroral, and subcutaneous (50 mg/kg) administration. It is established that RU-1205 substance has high bioavailability (44.17 and 56.03% upon peroral and subcutaneous introduction, respectively).
- [Protective effect of 3-oxypyridine and succinic acid derivatives under conditions of acute alloxan-induced intoxication in mice]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):13-6.
Protective action of 3-oxypiridine and succinic acid derivatives (emoxipin, reamberin and mexidol) was studied in mice under acute alloxan-induced intoxication conditions. All these drugs exhibited protective action with respect to hyperglycemia and hyperglycemia-connected elongation of desperate behavior in the tail-suspension test and reduced activity level on the open field test. Mexidol exceeded emoxipin in the dose range of protecting action with respect to alloxan-induced hyperglycemia and was superior to reamberin in the treatment of desperate behavior in the tail-suspension test.
- [Comparative assessment of nephroprotective properties of potassium and calcium channel modulators in experimental renal injury]. [Comparative Study, English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):10-2.
The experiments in white laboratory rats have shown that a single intragasrtric administration of the new fluorine-containing potassium channel opener flocalin in a dose of 5 mg/kg in the initial stage of sublimate nephropathy increased the glomerular filtration rate, reduced creatininemia, increased urinary creatinine excretion, and decreased proteinuria. Under similar conditions, the administration of the calcium channel blocker diltiazem in a dose of 5 mg/kg (intragasrtric) showed a less pronounced antiproteinuric effect as compared to that of flocalin. A comparative assessment of the influence of flocalin and diltiazem on the basic renal function markers demonstrated predominant nephroprotective effect of flocalin in the treatment of acute toxic nephropathy.
- [Effect of succinic acid derivatives and chitosan on the oxidation status of tissues in rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion model]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):7-9.
The administration of chitosan succinate and N-succinylchitosan to rats with cerebral ischemia/reperfusion model damage leads to a decrease in the level of lactate (marker of ischemic injury development), parameters of biochemiluminescence (measure of free-radical oxidation intensity), and lipid peroxodation products in animal tissues as compared to untreated (pathologic) control. The obtained results show evidence of the ability of tested drugs to decrease the degree of oxidative stress manifestation under cerebral ischemia/reperfusion conditions, which is related to the positive control effect of chitosan-based drugs on the free-radical homeostasis.
- [Peculiarities of hypnotic effect and pharmacokinetics of hemisuccinate 3-hydroxyphenazepam (levana)]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2014; 77(1):3-6.
The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of hemisuccinate 3-hydroxyphenazepam (HS-3-HPh, levana)--a new hypnotic 1,4-benzodiazepine derivative--have been studied. It is established that HS-3-HPh in doses of 0.05, 0.1 and 2 mg/kg produces reliable hypnotic action (shortens the period of falling asleep, reduces the number of awakenings at night-time, and increases sleep duration) in the hexenal sleep potentiation test on mice. After a 7-day drug administration, no withdrawal syndrome has been observed. The concentration of 3-oxyphenazepam (3-OP, the main metabolite of HS-3-HPh) in brain after drug administration is significantly higher than the content of 3-OP upon its introduction. The content of 3-OP upon its introduction rapidly decreases, while that upon the administration of HS-3-HPh is retained on a stationary level for a rather long time (about 6 h). It can be suggested that a specific character of HS-3-HPh hypnotic action is determined by peculiarities of its pharmacokinetics, namely, easier entering the brain and subsequent hydrolysis with release of the active metabolite (3-OP).
- [Efficiency of remaxol in preventing unwanted side effects of the antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C]. [English Abstract, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial]
- Eksp Klin Farmakol 2013; 76(11):44-6.
The article briefly addresses issues pertaining to the problem of complications encountered in antiviral therapy of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Data on the effectiveness of remaxol as a means of preventing the development of complication in patients with chronic viral hepatitis C in early stages of antiviral treatment.