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Enferm Clin [journal]
- [Salutogenesis, new perspectives to promote health.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2013 May 8.
- [Work environment and patient safety: data comparison between Seneca and RN4CAST projects.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2013 May 3.
OBJECTIVE:To analyze the relationship between the work environment and burnout of nurses and the quality of care for patient safety at the Spanish National Health System Hospitals included in SENECA and RN4CAST studies.
METHOD:Descriptive study with a secondary analysis that compares data of 984 patient records, 1469 patient, and 1886 professional surveys from SENECA project, with 2139 nurses' surveys from RN4CAST study, in 24 hospitals. Adverse events data related to care, and patient's and professional's perception of safety were compared with work environment (measured by the Nursing Work Index) and burnout (measured by Maslach Burnout Inventory).
RESULTS:There was a statistically significant relation of pain with «Staffing and resource adequacy» (r=-0,435, p=0,03) and nosocomial infection with «Nursing foundations for quality of care» (r=-0,424; p=0,04) and «Nurse participation in hospital affairs» (r=-0,516, p=0,01) of the Nursing Work Index. The hospital classification obtained from the Nursing Work Index was associated with the patients' perception of safety (r=0,66, p<0,01). Professionals' perception of participation in patient safety issues was associated with the five factors of the Nursing Work Index (r ∈ [|0,41|-|0,78 |], p<0,046) and with Maslach emotional exhaustion (r=-0,518, p=0,01).
CONCLUSIONS:The organizations that foster a supportive work environment will have patients that perceive safer care. In addition, proper resource management could decrease the occurrence of adverse events such as pain.
- [Nurse-led interventions to enlace adherence to chronic medication.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Apr 19.
- [Interagency collaboration in Spanish scientific production in nursing: social network analysis.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Apr 16.
OBJECTIVE:The objectives of this paper are to analyze the Spanish scientific production in nursing, define its temporal evolution, its geographical and institutional distribution, and observe the interinstitutional collaboration.
METHOD:We analyze a comprehensive sample of Spanish scientific production in the nursing area extracted from the multidisciplinary database SciVerse Scopus.
RESULTS:The nursing scientific production grows along time. The collaboration rate is 3.7 authors per paper and 61% of the authors only publish one paper. Barcelona and Madrid are the provinces with highest number of authors. Most belong to the hospitalary environment, followed closely by authors belonging to the university. The most institutions that collaborate, sharing authorship of articles are: University of Barcelona, Autonomous University of Barcelona and Clinic Hospital of Barcelona.
DISCUSSION:The nursing scientific production has been increasing since her incorporation at the university. The collaboration rate found is higher than found for other papers. It shows a low decrease of occasional authors. It discusses the outlook of scientific collaboration in nursing in Spain, at the level of institutions by co-authorship of papers, through a network graph. It observes their distribution, importance and interactions or lack thereof.
CONCLUSIONS:There is a strong need to use international databases for research, care and teaching, in addition to the national specialized information resources. Professionals are encouraged to normalization of the paper's signature, both, surnames and institutions to which they belong. It confirms the limited cooperation with foreign institutions, although there is an increasing trend of collaboration between Spanish authors in this discipline. It is observed, clearly defined three interinstitutional collaboration patterns.
- [In Process Citation]. [Journal Article]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar-Apr; 23(2):81-3.
- [Effectiveness of a nursing in-home intervention to improve independence in adls/iadls and family burden in adults with schizophrenia]. [Journal Article]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar-Apr; 23(2):79-80.
- [Cocaine abuse and multiple use of psychoactive substances in university students]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar-Apr; 23(2):62-7.
To identify the prevalence of cocaine consumption among university students and to analyse the use of other drugs among the regular cocaine consumers.An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study performed within the Education, Sciences and Psychology Faculties and the Nursing and Polytechnic Schools belonging to the University of Girona. The selected sample included 2139 first year university students. A self-constructed questionnaire was used to obtain the information regarding gender, age, Faculty, and the status of consume.The participants were 47.2% males and 52.8% females, with an age range between 17 and 35 years old (median=21 years, SD=3.14). One per-cent of the participants considered themselves usual cocaine consumers. Nine out of every 10 students also use alcohol (95.2%) and cannabis (90.5%).It has been shown that university students have health threatening habits, such as cocaine abuse. It is more common the use of other drugs among cocaine users than among non-consumers. Preventive and educational programs at the university may be required to reduce and prevent toxic substances abuse among university students.
- [Characteristics of use of an out-of-hospital emergency medical service by children]. [English Abstract, Journal Article]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar-Apr; 23(2):68-72.
To quantify and to describe the characteristics of use of an Emergency Medical Service by children in Bilbao City (Spain).An observational and retrospective study was performed taking patients younger than 15 years old who were served by Basic Life Support Units from an Emergency Medical Service for 4 consecutive years (2008-2011).525 interventions were registered (anual range 102-155 interventions), which represented 2.25% of total services. 54.5% (p<0,001) of patients were male. The mean age was 7.6 years old (95% CI 6.8 to 7.5). The causes of action were associated to accidental causes in 49.1% of cases and disease in 50.9% (p=0,44), with a predominance of injuries in the 5 to 9 years (p<0,001) and disease among children under 5 years (p<0,001). The main disorders observed were injuries (41.9%), convulsive episodes (17.1%) and respiratory symptoms (10.3%). 78.9% need to transfer to health care center.The volume of pediatric care carried out between 2008 and 2011 has not changed annually. The main visits were due to traumas and convulsions. Most emergency situations are not resolved on the spot, being necessary to transfer to hospital.
- [Mortality in patients with acute respiratory failure on chronic treatment with benzodiazepines.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar 28.
The benzodiazepines (BZD) are among the drugs most used by the population. Its contraindications include severe respiratory failure and sleep apnoea. The main objective of this work was to establish the relationship between the chronic use of benzodiazepines and hospital mortality and up to 30 days after admission. This study was carried out on a retrospective cohort of 243 patients admitted via emergency room into «Reina Sofia» University General Hospital in Murcia during the year 2011, and were selected for having been treated with non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) during their admission. The method used was a review of clinical histories by searching for the code corresponding to the NIV process. Overall mortality was 20.6%. In patients with chronic consumption of BZD it was 22.45% and 19.4% in patients who did not use these drugs (P=.608). We were unable to establish a significant relationship between chronic use of benzodiazepines and overall mortality figures. On the other hand, we have linked the increased mortality in patients treated with NIV for acute respiratory failure with other indicators such as, age above 75 years old, blood bicarbonate below 22mmol/L; lactic acid higher than 2mmol/L; serum creatinine above 1.5mg/dL, and sepsis.
- [Nursing in the world to come]. [Journal Article]
- Enferm Clin 2013 Mar-Apr; 23(2):45-7.