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Enferm Clin [journal]
- [Nursing and the humanization of the end- of-life care within healthcare systems.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Aug 14.
The reflection upon the humanisation of the end-of-life process within healthcare systems and the implication of healthcare professionals is the main objective of this article. The evolution of the model of care and nurses leadership role at the end-of-life process is evaluated. This analysis starts from the first European references regarding advance wills, made in 1997 at the Oviedo Convention, until the introduction of the idea of advance directives incorporated into Spanish law in 2002. It sets the concept of advance planning in health-related decisions, which establishes a process of voluntary dialogue where every person can clarify values, preferences and wishes regarding the final moments of life, with the support of the healthcare professionals.
- [Mediator effect of resilience between burnout and health in nursing staff.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Aug 7.
To determine the relationships between 3 burnout dimensions (Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Reduced Personal Accomplishment), health (physical and mental health), and resilience, as well as to analyse the mediator role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in a sample of Nursing staff.A correlational and cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling was conducted on a sample of 194 Nursing staff of University Hospital of Fuenlabrada (Madrid), and composed of nurses (n=133) and nursing assistants (n=61). Instruments: MBI-HSS (burnout syndrome), SF-12v1 (physical and mental components of health), 10-Item CD-RISC (resilience), and sociodemographic variables.Correlational analyses showed that mental health was negatively related with 3 burnout dimensions and positively with resilience. Furthermore, physical health was only negatively related with Emotional Exhaustion, and positively with resilience. Mediational analyses revealed that resilience mediated, on one hand, the relationship between Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization with mental health (partial mediation) and, on the other hand, the relationship between Reduced Personal Accomplishment and mental health (total mediation).Resilience is not only important to improve the mental health of Nursing staff, but also to buffer and minimize the negative consequences of the occupational stress to which they are at risk, with its most adverse result being signs of burnout. Therefore, resilience training should be promoted to improve nursing clinical practice.
- [Prevalence of sleep disorders and associated factors in inpatient.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Aug 8.
To determine the prevalence of insomnia in inpatient in an Internal Medicine Department and to identify risk factors of sleep disorders.A cross-sectional observational study was designed. Inpatients over eighteen years old hospitalized for acute medical conditions were recruited. Insomnia was assessed by the Athens insomnia scale. A nurse administered a questionnaire on risk factors including socio-demographic factors, reason for admission, comorbidities, current medications, functional status, nocturnal symptoms, and environmental factors.A total of 299 patients were recruited with a mean age of 73.7 years (SD 14.2). Overall prevalence of insomnia was 42.1%, slightly higher in women (48.2%) than in men (37.0%) (P=.052). In those less than 65 years the prevalence was 33.8%, and in patients aged 65 or over it was 44.9% (P=.093). The main factors associated with insomnia were a history of anxiety, depression and stroke, heartburn, pain, fear, and poor functional capacity at admission. Environmental factors such as noise, the sensation of cold or heat, and changing habits involved in hospitalization did not reach statistical significance. In patients 65 years or older, the use of beta-blockers was associated with insomnia. The multivariate analysis showed stroke, heartburn, and pain as independent risk factors for insomnia.Insomnia is highly prevalent among inpatient, and is associated with some treatable or modifiable factors.
- [Care management units: A reality of chilean nursing.] [LETTER]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Aug 5.
- [Maternal and perinatal outcomes in nulliparous gestations with late onset preeclampsia: Comparative study with gestations without preeclampsia.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Aug 5.
To assess obstetrical outcomes in a sample of nulliparous gestations with preeclampsia, as compared to gestations without preeclampsia, attended in the Enrique C. Sotomayor Hospital of Guayaquil, Ecuador.This was a comparative study of maternal and perinatal outcome data of gestations with late onset preeclampsia (n=150; gestational age=36.7±3.3 weeks) with that of normal gestations (n=150; gestational age 38.7±1.7 weeks).Almost three-quarters (73.3%) of preeclampsia cases were defined as severe. Compared to normal gestations, preeclampsia cases had higher anthropometric indices (neck and mid-arm circumference) and had more oligohydramnios, cesarean sections, transfusions, distressed fetuses, and adverse perinatal outcomes such as, lower Apgar scores at birth, and more preterm births, lower birth weight and small for gestational age infants.Gestations with preeclampsia had a negative impact on maternal and perinatal outcomes compared to gestations without preeclampsia.
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- Enferm Clin 2014 Jul 26.
- [Motivation to change unhealthy life styles and cardiovascular risk.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Jul 21.
Study the relationship between motivation to change unhealthy life styles and cardiovascular risk.Cross sectional study, random, stratified by age, carried out in the field of primary care with a sample of 369 people. It was felt that with smoking or smoking cessation active consumption less than a year, the physical habit was valued at work and leisure, food habits were assessed in adherence to mediterranean diet and the stages of motivation were categorized precontemplative phase to maintenance phase. The cardiovascular risk was stratified with the SCORE table calibrated in Spain.The 49.6% were men and 50.4% were women, with an average age of 41.2 years. The prevalence of smoking was 31.4% (95% CI 26.56-36,30), 58% in sedentary lifestyle (95% CI 52.27-62,63) and 68% for bad diet (95% CI 63.97-73,69). The 69.8% of smokers, 77.8% of sedentary and 48.4% of people without proper diet was precontemplative to change their lifestyles.Precontemplative stages in unhealthy life styles have association with risk factors and increase the global cardiovascular risk. The transtheoretical model is a useful tool for the assessment of unhealthy behaviors in lifestyles.
- [Stratification of clinical risk groups in a population over 65 years: Features and nursing assessment.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Jul 21.
To analyze the characteristics of the population over 65 years served in a Basic Health Area, according to the Clinical Risk Group (CRG) classification and geriatric assessment test performed by the nurse in relation to their complexity.A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational prevalence study was conducted on the population over 65 years served in a Basic Health Area. The variables collected were: socio-demographic, CRG classification, diseases (ICD-10), healthcare activity, geriatric assessment, and preventive activities. The CRG classification was used as a measurement tool. Data was collected from the Primary Care computerized clinical history (e-CAP).Population over 65 years: 3,219 people; served at home, 130 (4%), and in residential institutions, 92 (2.85%). The population was grouped into: CRG 1-2: 83 (2.5%); CRG 3: 62 (2%); CRG 4: 99 (3%); CRG 5: 537 (17%); CRG 6: 2,077 (64.5%); CRG 7: 276 (8.6%); CRG 8: 61 (2%); CRG 9: 14 (0.4%). Most frequent chronic diseases: 69.12% AHT; 24.94% DM; 19.51% depression; 11.09% kidney failure. The groups 6-7-8 that were analyzed included 2,414 people (75%). Of those within CRG 6-7-8, only 570 (24%) had tests carried out by the geriatric nurse. The mean number of individuals assigned by a nurse for CRG 6-7-8 was 302.The introduction of classification systems in clinical practice, such as the CRG, along with the use of the new information and communication technologies, helps to incorporate predictive models of health needs. It also promotes proactive actions by nurses and the team to prevent complications of diseases, as well as improving efficiency in the use of services and in care of the complex patients.
- [The role of the community stroke rehabilitation nurse.] [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Enferm Clin 2014 Jul 11.