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J Anesth [journal]
- Surgical airways for trauma patients in an emergency surgical setting: 11 years' experience at a teaching hospital in Japan. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 18.
PURPOSE:Airway management of trauma patients during emergency surgeries can be very difficult and presents a challenge for anesthesiologists. Difficult airways are associated with emergency surgical airways (ESA), but little is known about ESA in the operating room. We conducted this study to clarify the present use of ESA for trauma patients in emergency surgery settings.
METHODS:We performed a retrospective review of all trauma patients requiring emergency surgery under general anesthesia at our hospital from January 2002 to December 2012, focusing on ESA.
RESULTS:During the study period, 15,654 trauma patients were treated at our hospital, of whom 554 (3.5 %) required emergency surgery. Four of these patients (0.72 %) received ESA as definitive airway management. Two patients with severe facial injury and distorted upper airways and 1 patient with penetrating neck trauma received open standard tracheostomy (OST). These three patients received OST as the initial approach to intubation. A fourth OST was performed after several unsuccessful attempts at endotracheal intubation. No cases were classified as "cannot ventilate, cannot intubate" (CVCI), and there were no complications associated with ESA. All cases had good outcomes. Statistical analysis revealed that patients with severe facial trauma (Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥3) received ESA at a significantly higher rate than others (p = 0.015, odds ratio 14.1).
CONCLUSION:One of the most important functions of anesthesiologists is risk management. We should recognize risks that can cause CVCI situations, and make proper clinical decisions, including providing ESA, to assure patient safety.
- Extensive spinal cord ischemia following endovascular repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: a rare complication. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 17.
Postoperative paraplegia secondary to spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is an extremely rare and devastating complication of endovascular repair in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. The reported incidence is only 0.21 % worldwide. This case of postoperative paraplegia occurred in a 60-year-old man immediately following endovascular repair of an infrarenal AAA. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple foci of SCI involvement from C5 to L1. However, neither cerebral spinal fluid drainage nor steroid therapy was effective; he was eventually admitted with no improvement in his neurological status. The mechanism remains multifactorial until now and needs more attention in perioperative management. We report the first case involved in the most significantly extensive SCI after endovascular repair of an infrarenal AAA.
- Non-recovery of ACT in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II during mitral valve replacement using argatroban anticoagulation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 16.
Argatroban was used as the anticoagulant during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) type II undergoing mitral valve replacement. Dosage was reduced because of preoperative congestive liver disorder. Perioperative coagulability was poor, and, ultimately, failure of hemostasis led to a fatal outcome. Although argatroban use as an anticoagulant for HIT is reported, the optimal dose has not been established. During long-term CPB, increasing the total dosage may extend anticoagulant ability, leading to dose dependence. Because no antagonist for argatroban exists, failure of hemostasis might occur.
- Orthostatic intolerance during early mobilization following video-assisted thoracic surgery. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 14.
PURPOSE:Early postoperative mobilization is crucial for early ambulation to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications after lung resection. However, orthostatic intolerance (OI) may delay patient recovery, leading to complications. It is therefore important to understand the prevalence of and predisposing factors for OI following video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), which have not been established. This study evaluated the incidence of OI, impact of OI on delayed ambulation, and predisposing factors associated with OI in patients after VATS.
METHODS:This retrospective cohort study consecutively analyzed data from 236 patients who underwent VATS. The primary outcome was defined as OI with symptoms associated with ambulatory challenge on postoperative day 1 (POD1), including dizziness, nausea and vomiting, feeling hot, blurred vision, or transient syncope. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent factors associated with OI.
RESULTS:Of the 236 patients, 35.2 % (83) experienced OI; 45.8 % of these could not ambulate at POD1, compared with 15.7 % of patients without OI (P < 0.001). Factors independently associated with OI included advanced age [odds ratio 2.83 (1.46-5.58); P = 0.002], female gender [odds ratio 2.40 (1.31-4.46); P = 0.004], and postoperative opioid use [odds ratio 2.61 (1.23-5.77); P = 0.012]. Use of thoracic epidural anesthesia was not independently associated with OI [odds ratio 0.72 (0.38-1.37); P = 0.318].
CONCLUSION:Postoperative OI was common in patients after VATS and significantly associated with delayed ambulation. Advanced age, female gender, and postoperative opioid use were identified as independent predisposing factors for OI.
- Can anesthetic techniques or drugs affect cancer recurrence in patients undergoing cancer surgery? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 14.
Despite the development of effective chemotherapy and radiotherapy, surgery remains the mainstay treatment of many cancers, requiring anesthesia. Almost all cancer deaths after primary surgery are attributable to recurrence or metastases. Recently it has been hypothesized that the perioperative anesthetic management of cancer patients could potentially affect the risk of recurrence and metastases, which implies a key role for anesthesiologists in choosing anesthetic agents and techniques that optimize the balance between the metastatic potential of the tumor versus its elimination by antimetastatic immune defenses. This review summarizes available experimental information on the potential effects of common anesthetic agents and techniques on cancer metastases and the conflicting retrospective clinical data on regional anesthesia in various types of cancer. A number of prospective, randomized, multicenter, clinical trials are in progress, and their results are eagerly awaited.
- Early postoperative cognitive dysfunction is associated with higher cortisol levels in aged patients following hip fracture surgery. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 11.
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between plasma cortisol levels and the occurrence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aged patients following hip fracture surgery. A total of 175 patients, aged 65 years or older, who were scheduled for hip fracture surgery with spinal anesthesia were enrolled. Perioperative plasma levels of cortisol and neurocognitive tests were determined at 1 day preoperatively and 7 days postoperatively. Seventy-seven patients completed both blood sample collections and neurocognitive tests. POCD occurred in 29.9 % of patients at 7 days postoperatively. POCD patients presented significantly higher cortisol levels compared with non-POCD patients (P < 0.05). Furthermore, plasma cortisol levels were negatively correlated with mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores at 7 days postoperatively (P < 0.0001). A specificity of 93 % and a sensitivity of 35 % were identified for the plasma cortisol measurement to discriminate POCD patients from non-POCD patients. The results suggest higher plasma cortisol levels are associated with POCD in aged patients following hip fracture surgery with spinal anesthesia.
- Antiemetic effect of naloxone in combination with dexamethasone and droperidol in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Anesth 2013 May 11.