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J Asian Nat Prod Res [journal]
- A new steroidal saponin from dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 18.:1-6.
Phytochemical study on dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana led to a new steroidal saponin, cambodianoside G (1), and six known ones (2-7). The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis. Evaluation of antibacterial activities showed that compound 7 exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus.
- Biotransformation on the triterpenoid saponin of Ardisia gigantifolia by Aspergillus avenaceus AS 3.4454. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 13.:1-7.
Compound 1, a triterpenoid saponin from Ardisia gigantifolia Stapf. showing potential anti-tumor activity, was transformed into three derivatives (2-4) by Aspergillus avenaceus 3.4454. Among them, compounds 2 and 3 are new compounds. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D NMR, 2D NMR, HR-ESI-MS, and optical rotation data. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human hepatocellular carcinoma and normal liver cells by cell counting kit 8 colorimetric assay. Compound 3 displayed better cytotoxicity against Bel-7402 and HepG2 cell lines and much weaker cytotoxicity against normal liver L02 cell than that of positive control (epirubicin hydrochloride).
- Two new terpenoids from the stems of Manihot esculenta. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 10.:1-5.
A new eremophilane sesquiterpene, sporogen AO-2 (1), and a new beyerane diterpene, thecacorin C (2), together with two known compounds, longifoamide-B (3) and methylcholestane-3β,5α,6β-triol (4), were isolated from the stems of Manihot esculenta. The structures of the two new compounds were determined by spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, MS, 1D, and 2D NMR). Antimicrobial assay showed that compound 3 possessed modest inhibitory effects on Saphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S.aureus, diameters of inhibition zones of which were 7.5 and 8.0 mm, respectively. Compound 4 possessed modest inhibitory effect on S. aureus, the diameter of inhibition zone of which was 6.8 mm.
- Ras/ERK signaling pathway is involved in curcumin-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 10.:1-8.
Curcumin, the biologically active compound from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, could inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in gastric carcinoma. However, the underlying mechanism of curcumin on gastric carcinoma cells still needs further investigation. In this study, morphological observation indicated that curcumin inhibited the proliferation of AGS cells in a dose-dependent manner. According to the flow cytometric analysis, curcumin treatment resulted in G2/M arrest in AGS cells, accompanied with an increased expression of cyclin B1 and a decreased expression of cyclin D1. In addition, DNA ladders were observed by gel electrophoresis. Meanwhile, the activities of caspase-3, -8, and -9 were also enhanced in curcumin-treated AGS cells. Nevertheless, the increased activities could be inhibited by benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp (OME)-fluoromethylketone (z-VAD-fmk), which suggested that the apoptosis was caspase-dependent. Furthermore, downregulation of rat sarcoma (Ras) and upregulation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) were also observed in AGS cells treated with curcumin by Western blot. U0126, an ERK inhibitor, blocked curcumin-induced apoptosis. The results suggested that curcumin inhibited the growth of the AGS cells and induced apoptosis through the activation of Ras/ERK signaling pathway and downstream caspase cascade, and curcumin might be a potential target for the treatment of gastric carcinoma.
- A new flavonoid glucoside from Rhododendron seniavinii. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 10.:1-5.
The leaves of Rhododendron seniavinii Maxim with little phytochemical information are used as folk remedies for the treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis in China. In our pursuing for the biologically active chemical constituents in the leaves, a new flavonoid glycoside 5,7,3'-trimethoxy-quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) was isolated from the water extract of its leaves, together with two known compounds 5,7,3'-trimethoxy-quercetin (2) and ovafolinin B-9'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3). The structures of the new flavonoid glucoside as well as two known compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical methods.
- Two new triterpenoid saponins from rhizome of Anemone amurensis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 8.:1-6.
Two new triterpenoid saponins were isolated from the 70% ethanol extract of the rhizome of Anemone amurensis, they are oleanolic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 3)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-d-glucopyranosyl ester (1) and 23,27-dihydroxy oleanolic acid 3-O-α-l-arabinopyranoside (2). The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR data and HR-ESI-MS. Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for cytotoxicities against three human cancer cell lines (A549, Hep-G2, and MCF-7). Compound 1 showed potent cytotoxicity with IC50 values of 34.76, 41.17, and 28.92 μM, respectively, while compound 2 with IC50>100 μM.
- Natural products as antidepressants documented in Chinese patents from 1992 to 2013. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 6.:1-11.
Depressive disorder is a severe psychiatric problem all over the world. Clinical therapeutic agents for the treatment of depression in the market targeting on monoamine neurotransmitters are far from satisfaction due to their adverse effects. Novel classes of antidepressant agents with different mechanisms and low toxicity are needed. Natural products from traditional Chinese medicines have been revealed as new sources to cure the depressive symptoms with various chemical structures and promising activities. This paper reviews natural products as antidepressants documented in Chinese patents so far.
- Three new phenolic compounds from Dalbergia odorifera. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 6.:1-10.
Three new phenolic compounds (1-3) were isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen. (Leguminosae). Their structures were established based on spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR (HSQC, COSY, HMBC and ROESY). Compound 2 exhibited cytotoxicity against BEL-7402 tumor cell lines.
- One new ergostane-type steroid and three new phthalide derivatives from cultures of the basidiomycete Albatrellus confluens. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 3.:1-7.
One new ergostane-type steroid, (12β,15β,22R,23S,24S)-22,25-epoxy-12,15,23-trihydroxyergost-4,6,8(14)-trien-3-one (1), three new phthalide derivatives, 5-(2',3'-epoxy-3',3'-dimethylpropoxy)-7-methoxy-6-methylphthalide (2), (2')-(Z)-5-(3'-hydroxymethyl-3'-methylallyloxy)-7-methoxy-6-methylphthalide (3), and 5-(3',3'-dimethylallyloxy)-7-hydroxy-6-methylphthalide (4), along with one known phthalide derivative, 5-(3',3'-dimethylallyloxy)-7-methoxy-6-methylphthalide (5), were isolated from cultures of the basidiomycete Albatrellus confluens. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data (IR, MS, 1D, and 2D NMR) analyses. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities on five tumor cell lines.
- Anti-photoaging effect of aaptamine in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts and epidermal keratinocytes. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Dec 3.:1-9.
Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes sunburn, inflammatory responses, skin cancer, and photoaging. Photoaging, in particular, generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) that stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and transcription factors. UV irradiation also activates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression and inactivates collagen synthesis. Aaptamine, a marine alkaloid isolated from the marine sponge, has been reported to have antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, and antioxidant activities. However, the photo-protective effects of aaptamine have not been elucidated. In this study, our data demonstrated that aaptamine deactivated UVB-induced MAPK and activator protein-1 signaling by suppressing ROS, resulting in attenuating the expression of MMPs in UVB-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts. Aaptamine also decreased proinflammatory cytokines such as cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and nuclear factor-kappa B subunits in UVB-irradiated human keratinocytes. In conclusion, we suggest that aaptamine represents a novel and effective strategy for treatment and prevention of photoaging.