J Asian Nat Prod Res [journal]
- A comparative study on bioactive constituents in different parts of Lonicera japonica determined by HPLC-ESI-MS(n). [Journal Article]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Oct; 18(10):988-1003.
Lonicera japonica Thunb. is a well-known traditional herbal medicine in most East Asian countries. In China, the flower bud and stem of this plant are used for various clinical therapies, while the leaf is not officially recognized as an active part. Due to the similarities in their chemical constituents but great differences in their commercial values, the flower bud has been found to be adulterated with leaf and/or stem during the production of formulations by some drug manufactures. In order to identify adulteration in products and enable quality control, it is necessary to chemically discriminate these three parts of L. japonica. In the current study, an HPLC-ESI-MS(n) method was developed and validated for the quantitative analysis of 18 bioactive compounds: 7 organic acids, 6 iridoids, and 5 flavonoids, in batches of flower bud, stem, and leaf samples. Subsequently, chemometric analyses, such as one-way analysis of variance, principal component analysis, and hierarchical clustering analysis, were performed based on the quantitative data. The results indicated that there were remarkable differences in the distribution of the investigated compounds among the three parts of L. japonica, and that they could be straightforwardly and reliably distinguished according to their chemical profiles. Twelve compounds were selected as potential differential metabolites, which would be useful for quality control of L. japonica. As the content of caffeic acid was low in the flower bud but much higher in the stem and leaf, it could be used as a chemical marker to identify adulteration.
- Antischistosomal activity of hederacochiside C against Schistosoma japonicum harbored in experimentally infected animals. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 25.:1-14.
The present study was undertaken to investigate whether hederacochiside C (HSC) possesses antischistosomal effects and anti-inflammatory response activities in Schistosoma japonicum-infected mice. Different concentrations of HSC were administrated to the mice infected by schistosomula or adult worm by intravenous injection twice a day for five consecutive days. The total worm burden, female worm burden, and the egg burden in liver of mice treated with 400 mg/kg HSC were fewer than those in non-treated ones. Murine immune responses following HSC treatment were investigated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Our results indicated that 200 mg/kg HSC could reduce the expression of IgG, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-17 in comparison to infected group, exhibiting best immunomodulatory effects. In addition, scanning electron microscopical examination revealed that male worms treated with HSC lost their normal surface architecture since its surface showed extensive swelling, erosion, and peeling in tegumental regions. Remarkable amelioration was noticed in histopathological investigations, and 200 mg/kg HSC treatment could reduce the size of granulomatous inflammatory infiltrations in the liver which was reflected in nearly normalization of liver architecture. These results suggested that HSC had potential antischistosomal activity and provided a basis for subsequent experimental.
- Two new lignan glycosides from the fruits of Pyrus ussuriensis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 20.:1-7.
Two new lignan glycosides, ussuriensislignan A (1) and ussuriensislignan B (2), together with seventeen known compounds (3-19), were isolated from the fruits of Pyrus ussuriensis. Their structures were determined by various spectroscopic methods. This is the first report of the isolation of lignans (compounds 1-3) from the genus Pyrus, and compounds 3-6, 12-16 were reported from Pyrus for the first time.
- Two new phenolic acids from the fruits of Forsythia suspense. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 20.:1-6.
Two new phenolic acids forsythiayanoside C (1) and forsythiayanoside D (2), were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspense (Thunb.) Vahl. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral analysis, including 1D, 2D NMR analyses, HRESIMS and CD spectrometry. The cytotoxic and antioxidant activities testing showed that compound 2 exhibited free radical scavenging activity.
- Seventeen steroids from the pith of Tetrapanax papyriferus. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 18.:1-7.
Two new steroidal ketones (1, 2), together with 10 known steroids (3-12) and five known steroidal saponins (13-17), have been obtained from the pitch of Tetrapanax papyrierus. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated as 3β-hydroxystigmast-8, 22-diene-7,11-dione and 3β-hydroxystigmast-8-ene-7,11-dione by IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Except for 4, 14, 15, 16, 13 compounds reported in this paper were isolated from Tetrapanax papyriferus for the first time.
- New ecdysteroid and ecdysteroid glycosides from the roots of Serratula chinensis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 18.:1-7.
Three new ecdysteroid glycosides (1-3) and one new ecdysteroid (4), were isolated from the roots of Serratula chinensis. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods.
- A new serratene triterpenoid from Lycopodium japonicum. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 14.:1-5.
Phytochemical investigation on the herbs of Lycopodium japonicum led to the isolation of a new serratene triterpenoid, 3α,21α-dihydroxy-16-oxoserrat-14-en-24-yl p-coumarate (1), together with two known ones, lycernuic ketone C (2) and tohogenol (3). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D- and 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS. The (13)C NMR data of tohogenol was first reported.
- Phytochemical and biological investigations of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids: a review. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 12.:1-48.
Amaryllidaceae is a family that includes 75 genera and about 1100 species, which have a long history of medicinal use. Many plants have been proven to possess efficacy for neurological injury and inflammatory conditions. This article summarizes 357 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids, and cites 166 174 references over the last three decades. These alkaloids are classified into 14 skeleton types, and their abundant sources are also included. Modern pharmacology studies demonstrate that alkaloids that exclusively occur in Amaryllidaceae plant possess wide-ranging pharmacological actions, especially effects on the central nervous system, as well as antitumor, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities. Effective monomeric compounds from Amaryllidaceae screened for pharmacological activity in vivo and in vitro are also summarized.
- Two new 4,6-dimethyl-3,4-dihydrochromen-2-one derivatives from Craterellus odoratus. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 11.:1-6.
Two rare types of 4,6-dimethyl-3,4-dihydrochromen-2-one derivatives, named cralactones A and B (1 and 2), were isolated from the culture broth of Craterellus odoratus. The structures of the new ones were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, and it was found that the new compounds did not show pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity. Compounds 1 and 2 are the first examples of 4,6-dimethyl-3,4-dihydrochromen-2-one.
- Chemical study of the fungus Psilocybe merdaria. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2016 Jul 11.:1-6.
Chemical investigation on the cultures of the fungus Psilocybe merdaria resulted in the first isolation of 10 compounds including two new ones 11,14-dihydroxylneoechinulin E (1) and (S)-4-(4-methylpent-3-en-1-yl)-butyrolactone (2). Their structures were elucidated from the analysis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data. Among them, compound 7 showed inhibitory activity against AChE with 20% percentage at a concentration of 50 μg/ml.