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J Asian Nat Prod Res [journal]
- Antioxidant compounds from ethanol extracts of bamboo (Neosinocalamus affinis) leaves. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 26.:1-8.
Activity-guided fractionation of Neosinocalamus affinis leaves led to obtain two new flavonoids, 4'-O-((7″R,8″S)-8″-guaiacylglyceryl)-pleioside B (9) and apigenin 6-C-β-d-fucopyranosyl-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (10) along with eight known compounds. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data (UV, IR, NMR, and MS). Among these 10 compounds, farobin A (4) and isoorientin (7) showed significant antioxidant activity evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), superoxide anion and nitric oxide (NO) radical-scavenging assays.
- Anticancer agents from marine sponges. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 17.:1-25.
Marine sponges are currently one of the richest sources of anticancer active compounds found in the marine ecosystems. More than 5300 different known metabolites are from sponges and their associated microorganisms. To survive in the complicated marine environment, most of the sponge species have evolved chemical means to defend against predation. Such chemical adaptation produces many biologically active secondary metabolites including anticancer agents. This review highlights novel secondary metabolites in sponges which inhibited diverse cancer species in the recent 5 years. These natural products of marine sponges are categorized based on various chemical characteristics.
- New tricycloalternarenes from fungus Alternaria sp. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 17.:1-6.
Two new tricycloalternarenes I (1) and J (2), together with five known derivatives (3-7), were isolated from the culture of marine fungus Alternaria sp. The structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic approach ((1)H, (13)C NMR, HMBC, COSY, and NOESY) and the low-temperature (100 K) single-crystal X-ray crystallography analysis. The antimicrobial assays of tricycloalternarenes I (1) and J (2) were tested.
- Two new isoarylbenzofuran diglucosides from the root bark of Morus alba. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 17.:1-7.
Two new arylbenzofuran diglucopyranosides, (2″R)-(-)-moracin-O-5',3″-β-d-diglucopyranoside (1) and (2″R)-(-)-moracin-P-5',2″-β-d-diglucopyranoside (2), along with known arylbenzofurans, moracin M 6-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), and an isomeric mixture of R-(-)-moracin O (4) and R-(-)-moracin P (5), were isolated from the root bark of Morus alba L. The structure of the compounds was elucidated based on mass spectrometry, infrared, 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic data.
- A new diketopiperazine heterodimer from an endophytic fungus Aspergillus niger. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 17.:1-6.
One new diketopiperazine heterodimer, asperazine A (1), and eight known compounds, asperazine (2), cyclo(d-Phe-l-Trp) (3), cyclo(l-Trp-l-Trp) (4), 4-(hydroxymethyl)-5,6-dihydro-pyran-2-one (5), walterolactone A (6), and campyrones A-C (7-9), were isolated from an endophytic fungus Aspergillus niger. Their structures were determined unequivocally on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analysis. This is the first report of the presence of compound 3 as a natural product. Cytotoxicity test against human cancer cell lines PC3, A2780, K562, MBA-MD-231, and NCI-H1688 revealed that compounds 1 and 2 had weak activities.
- Dihydroxanthenones from the fermentation product of an endophytic fungus Gliomastix murorum. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 12.:1-5.
Three new dihydroxanthones, muroxanthenones A-C (1-3), together with three known dihydroxanthones (4-6) were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Gliomastix murorum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compound 3 showed high cytotoxicities against NB4 and PC3 cell with IC50 values of 2.2 and 2.8 μM. The other compounds also showed moderate cytotoxicities for some tested cell lines with IC50 values between 4.1 and 9.5 μM.
- A new schistosomicidal and antioxidative phenylpropanoid from Astragalus englerianus. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 12.:1-6.
A new phenylpropanoid, (E)-2,3,4-trimethoxy-5-(1-propenyl)phenol (1), along with five known aromatic compounds (2-6), was isolated from the methanol extract of roots of Astragalus englerianus. Their structures were elucidated based on the analyses of extensive spectroscopic data and comparison of their physicochemical properties. Compounds 1 and 2 were evaluated schistosomicidal activities, and all the isolated compounds were tested for their antioxidant activities in vitro. Compound 1 showed significant schistosomicidal activity with worm mortality rates of 66.7% and 83.3% within 12 and 24 h in a drug-containing (1.16 mM) RPMI 1640 medium, respectively. Also, compound 1 exhibited excellent antioxidant activity (2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)hydrazyl free radical-scavenging capability) with an IC50 value of 81.3 ± 1.3 μM.
- Seimisochromenes A and B: two new dihydroisochromenes from the endophytic fungus, Seimatosporium sp. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 10.:1-4.
Two new dihydroisochromenes, named seimisochromenes A and B (1 and 2), were isolated from an endophytic fungus, Seimatosporium sp. The structures of seimisochromenes A and B have been determined from 1D ((1)H and (13)C NMR spectra) and 2D (COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and NOESY) NMR experiments.
- Synthesis and cytotoxicity of triterpenoids derived from betulin and betulinic acid via click chemistry. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 7.:1-11.
In this study, a series of triazole substituted betulin and betulinic acid derivatives was designed and synthesized via click chemistry at C-30 position. Eighteen target compounds were evaluated in vitro for their antitumor activities against leukemia cell-line HL-60. Seventeen compounds have not reported before. The cytotoxic experiment showed that most of betulinic acid derived triazoles have higher cytotoxic profile than betulinic acid. Among them, compound 30-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl] betulinic acid (7b) showed the best IC50 value (1.3 μM) against leukemia cell-line HL-60 (eight- to ninefold higher potency than betulinic acid).
- Lignans from the bark of Zanthoxylum simulans. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- J Asian Nat Prod Res 2014 Nov 7.:1-7.
Investigation on the EtOAc extract of the bark of Zanthoxylum simulans led to the isolation of four new lignans including zanthoxylumin A (1), zanthoxylumin B (2), ( - )-magnolin (3), and ( - )-pinoresinol-di-3,3-dimethylallyl ether (4). Their structures were established by comprehensive analysis of the spectral data, especially 1D and 2D NMR spectra.