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J Bodyw Mov Ther [journal]
- Training the hip: a progressive approach. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):266-8.
In this article a progressive series of exercises to enhance motor control or movement competency of the hip are described. The training begins with control of center of mass during forward leaning by the muscles of the sole of the foot. This progresses to a novel lunge exercise emphasizing eccentric quadriceps control the knee. Then gluteal training is shown in a modern variation on Tai Chi along with a hip stability exercise during trunk rolling movements.
- Core exercises elevate trunk stability to facilitate skilled motor behavior of the upper extremities. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):259-65.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of core exercises on upper extremity function relative to skilled motor behavior and postural sway.We examined the effects of core exercises on the skilled motor behavior and postural sway of 40 healthy students who were assigned randomly to the core exercise group or the control group. Independent variable is extent of exposure to core exercise and dependent variables are skilled motor behavior and postural sway. A Purdue pegboard which measures skilled motor behavior and a stabilometer which measures postural sway were used to evaluate the influence of core exercises. Pre-intervention and post-intervention skilled motor behavior and postural sway were compared between the core exercise group and control group using the Wilcoxon rank sum test; a significance level of α = 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Also, we investigated the application of core exercises in a clinical setting for one patient with cerebral vascular disease.The post intervention skilled motor behavior (p = 0.04) and postural sway, LNG (p = 0.05), LNG/TIME (p = 0.04) and X LNG (p = 0.02) were significantly higher in the core exercise group than control group. In the case report, there were good results; function of the upper extremity improved after doing the exercises. There were positive changes in some daily living activities.Core exercises are likely to enhance trunk stabilization to improve upper extremity function. It is possible for core exercises to be adapted for patients.
- Changes in lateral abdominal muscles' thickness immediately after the abdominal drawing-in maneuver and maximum expiration. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):254-8.
All lateral abdominal muscles contract more strongly during maximum expiration than during the abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM). However, little is known about which of the lateral abdominal muscles is activated during maximum expiration. Thus, the purpose of this study is to quantify changes in the thickness of the lateral abdominal muscles immediately after the ADIM and maximum expiration. The thickness of the transverse abdominis (TrA), internal oblique (IO), and external oblique (EO) muscles was measured by ultrasound imaging in 30 healthy men before and after the ADIM and maximum expiration. After the ADIM, there was no significant change in the thickness of the lateral abdominal muscles. After maximum expiration, the thickness of the TrA muscle significantly increased, and there was no significant change in the thickness of the IO and EO muscles. Thus, maximum expiration may be an effective method for TrA, rather than IO and EO, muscle training.
- Fundamentals of core conditioning. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):249-53.
- The primal nature of core function: in rehabilitation & performance conditioning. [Editorial]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):239-48.
- Case study: use of vibration therapy in the treatment of diabetic peripheral small fiber neuropathy. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):235-8.
The aim of the study was to describe a case of type II diabetic peripheral small fiber neuropathic pain treated with whole body vibration therapy after a failed trial of conventional drugs and interventional pain management. A 64-year-old male had chronic diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain in his both feet for about 2 years. The patient tried multiple pain medications and various interventional pain treatments without significant pain relief. After 4 weeks of vibration treatment, which targeted the feet the patient's pain level and gait patterns significantly improved. These findings illustrate the importance of considering whole body vibration as a complimentary treatment in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.
- Mechanistic basis of manual therapy in myofascial injuries. Sonoelastographic evolution control. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):221-34.
The term myofascia is referred to the skeleton of muscle fibres organized as an interconnected 3D network that surrounds and connects the musculoskeletal system. Extracellular matrix muscle is relevant in tissue structural support and transmission of mechanical signals between fibres and tendons. Acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries (muscle strain) are one of the major problems faced by those who practice any type of sport, regardless of whether they are professionals or amateurs. Therapeutic boarding is of uncertain value in most cases because there are many contributing factors such as type, severity, functional implication of the damaged tissue, progression or risk of relapse. Different studies suggest that the musculoskeletal cell matrix is essential for the development, maintenance and regeneration of skeletal muscle. In this article, we highlight the action of "non-contractile" structures, in particular the myofascial system or muscle fascia, which can be responsible for the pathophysiology and healing process of muscular injuries. Manual therapy plays a predominant role in the treatment of these types of injuries and is key in the process of obtaining a scar capable of transmitting mechanical information. The scientific basis of this process is described in this article. Through real-time sonoelastography we have accurate information regarding the current stage of the repair process and, thus, guide our treatment at all times. Some new concepts are introduced, including local elasticity, the relationship between fascial pretension and the different stages of the physiological myofascia repair process, scar modelling technique, and sonoelastographic evolution control.
- Taking stock of the evidence. [Editorial]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):219-20.
- Shoulder functionality after manual therapy in subjects with shoulder impingement syndrome: a case series. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):212-8.
The aim of the study was to identify the differences in functionality of the upper limb in subjects suffering from shoulder impingement syndrome after intervention by two manual therapy protocols. Randomized, single-blind study with a sample of 22 subjects (58 ± 10.86 years old) divided into two groups. The conventional-group (n = 11) received mobilizations of the shoulder and the experimental-group (n = 11) was treated with soft tissue techniques in the cervical and upper thoracic regions. These two groups received electrotherapy and postural advices. The treatment lasted three weeks (15 daily sessions of 1 h and 30 min). Both active and passive range of motion (ROM) and self-perceived functionality of the upper limb (DASH questionnaire) were measured. The experimental group showed a significant improvement in the DASH scores and both groups improved mobility in the intra-group comparison pre-intervention versus post-intervention (p < .05), but not statistically significant differences were found in the between-group comparison (p > .05). Our results suggest that a combined treatment with electrotherapy, postural hygiene and manual therapy, regardless of the protocol, improves shoulder mobility and functionality.
- Effects of Pilates exercises on pain, functional status and quality of life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. [Journal Article]
- J Bodyw Mov Ther 2013 Apr; 17(2):204-11.
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Pilates exercise program on pain, functional status and quality of life in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.The study was performed as a randomized, prospective, controlled and single-blind trial. PARTICIPATIONS: Seventy women (age range, 45-65 years) with the diagnosis of postmenopausal osteoporosis were included.Patients were randomly allocated into two groups (home and Pilates exercise groups). Patients in the Pilates exercise group underwent a supervised Pilates exercise program twice a week for one year. Patients in the home exercise group were asked to perform a home exercise program consisting of thoracic extension exercises. Patients were evaluated at baseline and after one year of participation in the exercise programs.Visual Analog Scale for pain, six-minute walking and sit-to-stand tests for functional status, and the Qualeffo-41 Questionnaire and the Short Form-36 (SF-36) for quality of life. Patients were also asked to report the number of falls during the intervention.At the end of the study, the results of 60 patients were analyzed. A significant improvement was noted in all evaluation parameters at the end of the exercise program in the Pilates exercise group. Except for Qualeffo- Leisure Time Activities, SF-36 physical role limitation and emotional role limitation subscales, a significant improvement was noted in all other evaluation parameters at the end of the exercise program in the home exercise group. Improvement was significantly greater in the Pilates exercise group compared to the home exercise group in all parameters.Pilates exercises may be a safe and an effective treatment alternative for the quality of life in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis.