(J Comp Pathol[TA]) articles in PubMed
- High-Grade Myxoid Liposarcoma (Round Cell Variant) in a Dog. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Sep 21JC
- A 10-year-old, neutered male, Basset hound had a 26 × 21 × 21 cm infiltrative mass on the left abdominal wall that did not extend into the peritoneal cavity based on radiographs and abdominal compute...
A 10-year-old, neutered male, Basset hound had a 26 × 21 × 21 cm infiltrative mass on the left abdominal wall that did not extend into the peritoneal cavity based on radiographs and abdominal computed tomography. Cytological examination revealed moderate numbers of neoplastic round cells, which frequently contained numerous round, clear, cytoplasmic vacuoles. Histologically, the tumour was composed of two morphologically distinct cell populations forming a continuum of heterogeneously differentiated cells. The primary spindle-shaped population formed streams with abundant, lightly eosinophilic, alcian blue-positive, myxoid matrix. The second population was arranged in sheets and had a round cell appearance. Scattered within both populations were neoplastic cells containing variably sized, intracytoplasmic, osmium tetroxide-positive vacuoles (lipid). Multifocal large pools of mucin formed pseudocysts, and numerous small capillaries were present throughout the neoplasm. According to the current World Health Organization veterinary classification of liposarcomas, this neoplasm had morphological features of both the myxoid and pleomorphic variants of liposarcoma; however, it was analogous to the recently defined high-grade myxoid liposarcoma in man. Myxoid liposarcoma with round cells has not been described previously in dogs. This case highlights the need to potentially re-evaluate the current classification of liposarcomas in animals.
- Laryngeal Chondritis in Sheep in Iceland. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Sep 19JC
- Laryngeal chondritis is a chronic disease in sheep with low morbidity, high mortality and unresolved pathogenesis. The disease has been recognized recently in Iceland and affects both ewes and rams. ...
Laryngeal chondritis is a chronic disease in sheep with low morbidity, high mortality and unresolved pathogenesis. The disease has been recognized recently in Iceland and affects both ewes and rams. Animals of different ages are affected, but lambs and yearlings predominate. The disease is seen in housed animals and most cases occur during the late winter months. We report the gross and microscopical findings in 45 cases of laryngeal chondritis in Icelandic sheep.
- Clinical, Cytological, Histological and Immunohistochemical Features of Cutaneous Mast Cell Tumours in Ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug 27JC
- Cutaneous mast cell tumours (cMCTs) are one of the most common cutaneous tumours in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). However, limited information is available regarding cytological and histological f...
Cutaneous mast cell tumours (cMCTs) are one of the most common cutaneous tumours in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). However, limited information is available regarding cytological and histological features of these tumours and studies evaluating KIT expression are lacking in this species. The aims of this prospective study were to describe the most common clinical, cytological and histological features of cMCTs in ferrets and to compare the usefulness of different staining techniques in the diagnosis of these tumours in ferrets as well as evaluating KIT expression in neoplastic mast cells (MCs) by immunohistochemistry. Macroscopically, the tumours were small, round to plaque-like and frequently associated with surface crusting. The most common locations were the extremities and the trunk. MC granules were stained in all cases using toluidine blue (TB) and Wright-Giemsa stains in cytological specimens, but none stained with modified Wright's stain. Haematoxylin and eosin and TB on histological sections failed to stain MC granules in all the cases. Cytological and histological examination revealed low to moderate anisocytosis and anisokaryosis. An infiltrative rather than a delineated or encapsulated growth pattern was noted histologically in all cases. Eosinophilic infiltration was not uncommon and 'collagenolysis' was detected on cytological and histological examination. KIT expression was detected in all cases evaluated. In approximately one third of the cases the MCs exhibited KIT labelling pattern I and in the remaining ferrets, KIT pattern III. No correlation was found between KIT expression pattern and biological behaviour.
- Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leucocyte Subsets in the Sinonasal Mucosa of Cats with Upper Respiratory Tract Aspergillosis. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug-Oct; 155(2-3):130-40JC
- Leucocyte populations in the sinonasal mucosa of cats with and without upper respiratory tract aspergillosis were compared using immunohistochemistry and computer-aided morphometry. Inflammation was ...
Leucocyte populations in the sinonasal mucosa of cats with and without upper respiratory tract aspergillosis were compared using immunohistochemistry and computer-aided morphometry. Inflammation was identified in the nasal mucosa of all affected cats, comprising predominantly of lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the lamina propria associated with epithelial proliferation and degeneration. There was intense and diffuse expression of class II antigens of the major histocompatibility complex, associated with sites of hyphal invasion with hyperplasia and ulceration of the epithelium adjacent to fungal elements. Significantly more CD79b(+) cells, total lymphocytes, immunoglobulin (Ig)-expressing cells and MAC387(+) cells infiltrated the epithelium and more IgG(+) cells and total Ig-expressing cells infiltrated the lamina propria in affected cats compared with controls. Importantly, the inflammatory profile in affected cats was not consistent with the T helper (Th)1 and Th17 cell-mediated response that confers protective acquired immunity against invasive aspergillosis in dogs and people and in murine models of the infection. This finding may help to explain the development of invasive aspergillosis in systemically immunocompetent cats.
- Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule Expression in Canine Tumours. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug 24JC
- Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is expressed in most human normal and neoplastic tissues of epithelial derivation and may have an association with tumour cell aggressiveness, a stem cell-li...
Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is expressed in most human normal and neoplastic tissues of epithelial derivation and may have an association with tumour cell aggressiveness, a stem cell-like phenotype and clinical outcome. Antibody-based strategies for the targeting and capture of EpCAM-expressing tumour cells are showing promise, both as diagnostic tools and potential therapies. The aim of this study was to assess EpCAM expression in canine tumours. EpCAM expression was assessed in tumour cell lines via gene expression profiling and in formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded tissues from canine carcinomas representing various anatomical sites by immunohistochemistry. EpCAM mRNA expression was higher in cell lines from carcinomas than those derived from sarcomas or haemopoietic tumours. EpCAM was expressed by >2/3 of tumour cells in 71% of canine carcinomas evaluated, irrespective of histotype, with the exception of carcinomas of the adrenal gland. Canine sarcomas and haemopoietic tumours were uniformly negative. Most canine carcinomas express EpCAM and so could be suitable for the study of EpCAM-directed diagnostics and therapeutics.
- Immunohistochemical Detection of Pax8 and Napsin A in Canine Thyroid Tumours: Comparison with Thyroglobulin, Calcitonin and Thyroid Transcription Factor 1. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug 24JC
- Expression of thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 corroborates a thyroid origin of neoplasms. Thyroglobulin and calcitonin immunohistochemistry (IHC) can distinguish between a follicular and C-cell ...
Expression of thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 corroborates a thyroid origin of neoplasms. Thyroglobulin and calcitonin immunohistochemistry (IHC) can distinguish between a follicular and C-cell origin of thyroid tumours, respectively. Pax8 (expressed by normal canine thyroid follicular cells) and napsin A (expressed mainly by C-cells) labelling was compared with labelling for TTF-1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin in 114 canine proliferative thyroid lesions. All 81 follicular tumours expressed thyroglobulin and were negative for calcitonin; 79/81 (98%) of these tumours expressed TTF-1 and Pax8 and 60/81 (74%) expressed napsin A. All 25 C-cell lesions expressed calcitonin and were negative for expression of thyroglobulin; 22 (88%) were positive for TTF-1, 13 (57%) for Pax8 and 24/24 for napsin A. Six mixed follicular-medullary carcinomas expressed all five markers. Both carcinosarcomas expressed TTF-1 and napsin A, and one each of these tumours expressed thyroglobulin, calcitonin or Pax8. Pax8 expression was also detected in epididymal cells, endometrial cells and vas deferens epithelium, in Sertoli-like ovarian cells, and in some cases of ovarian adenoma, pancreatic carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma and Sertoli cell tumour. Napsin A was also detected in adrenocortical cells, ovarian granulosa cells, epididymal and endometrial cells, as well as in some renal cell carcinomas, pulmonary adenocarcinomas and Sertoli cell tumours. In summary, Pax8 was as sensitive as TTF-1 and slightly less sensitive than thyroglobulin for identification of follicular tumours, but had low sensitivity for C-cell tumours. Napsin A was as sensitive as calcitonin for C-cell neoplasms, but was less sensitive than thyroglobulin for follicular neoplasms. Thus, these markers are sensitive and, except for renal cell carcinoma (for Pax8, napsin A) and pulmonary adenocarcinoma (for napsin A), are specific thyroid tumour markers.
- Corrigendum to "Histopathological Characterization of Tail Injury and Traumatic Neuroma Development after Tail Docking in Piglets" [J Comp Pathol 155 (1) (2016) 40-49]. [PUBLISHED ERRATUM]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug-Oct; 155(2-3):276JC
- Pneumonia due to Chlamydia pecorum in a Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus). [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug 24JC
- Chlamydiosis is a common infectious disease of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus), but Chlamydia spp. have not yet been demonstrated to cause pneumonia in these animals. A juvenile male koala died follo...
Chlamydiosis is a common infectious disease of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus), but Chlamydia spp. have not yet been demonstrated to cause pneumonia in these animals. A juvenile male koala died following an episode of respiratory disease. At necropsy examination, the lung tissue was consolidated. Microscopical lesions in the lung included pyogranulomatous bronchopneumonia, proliferation of bronchiolar and alveolar epithelium and interstitial fibrosis. Hyperplastic bronchiolar epithelial cells contained aggregates of small basophilic punctate organisms, which were confirmed as chlamydiae by transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Real-time polymerase chain reaction identified these as Chlamydia pecorum. This report provides the best evidence to date of chlamydial infection causing pneumonia in a koala, and the first evidence that C. pecorum is capable of infecting the bronchiolar epithelium of the koala.
- Intermittent Haemoptysis due to an Aortobronchial Fistula in a Warmblood Mare. [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug-Oct; 155(2-3):213-7JC
- A 7-year-old warmblood mare showed sudden onset of mild intermittent haemoptysis. Clinical examination revealed no significant abnormalities. Haematological examination showed mild anaemia, hypoalbum...
A 7-year-old warmblood mare showed sudden onset of mild intermittent haemoptysis. Clinical examination revealed no significant abnormalities. Haematological examination showed mild anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and neutrophilia. Coagulation tests were normal. Endoscopic examination revealed unilateral pulmonary haemorrhage with blood clots in the bronchi and trachea. Treatment with antibiotics was started and the horse was given stable rest. Two weeks later, the horse was found dead with blood and frothy sputum leaking from the nostrils. Post-mortem examination revealed a large thoracic aortic aneurysm communicating with a pseudoaneurysm that had formed a fistula into a right bronchial branch. Microscopical examination of the aneurysm showed extensive medial fibrosis with prominent degeneration, fragmentation and mineralization of the elastic fibres and deposition of mucoid material in the tunica media. The pseudoaneurysm was lined by collagen bundles admixed with fibroblasts and a small amount of adipose tissue. Aortobronchial fistula is a rare condition in man that is usually associated with primary aortic pathology, most often aneurysms. To the authors' knowledge this is the first case of a fatal aortobronchial fistula in a horse or any other animal species.
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- Dental and Temporomandibular Joint Pathology of the Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus). [Journal Article]
- J Comp Pathol 2016 Aug-Oct; 155(2-3):242-53JC
- Maxillae and/or mandibles from 76 walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. The museum specimens were acquired between 1932 and 2014. Forty-five spe...
Maxillae and/or mandibles from 76 walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. The museum specimens were acquired between 1932 and 2014. Forty-five specimens (59.2%) were from male animals, 29 (38.2%) from female animals and two (2.6%) from animals of unknown sex, with 58 adults (76.3%) and 18 young adults (23.7%) included in this study. The number of teeth available for examination was 830 (33.6%); 18.5% of teeth were absent artefactually, 3.3% were deemed to be absent due to acquired tooth loss and 44.5% were absent congenitally. The theoretical complete dental formula was confirmed to be I 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/3, M 2/2, while the most probable dental formula is I 1/0, C 1/1, P 3/3, M 0/0; none of the specimens in this study possessed a full complement of theoretically possible teeth. The majority of teeth were normal in morphology; only five teeth (0.6% of available teeth) were malformed. Only one tooth had an aberrant number of roots and only one supernumerary tooth was encountered. No persistent deciduous teeth were found in any of the young adult or adult specimens, nor were any specimens affected by enamel hypoplasia. The majority of teeth (85.5%) displayed attrition/abrasion. Of the adult and young adult specimens, 90.8% showed some degree of attrition/abrasion on at least one tooth. Tooth fractures were noted in eight walruses, affecting 10.5% of specimens and 1.3% of the total number of teeth, nearly three-quarters of which were maxillary canine teeth (tusks). Three specimens (3.9%), all adult males, displayed overt periapical disease. The majority (99.2%) of dental alveoli did not have bony changes indicative of periodontitis, with only five specimens (6.6%) affected by periodontitis. Lesions consistent with temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) were found in 46 specimens (60.5%) and TMJ-OA was significantly more common in adults than young adults and males than females. Although the clinical significance of dental and TMJ pathology in the walrus remains unknown, the occurrence and severity of these lesions may play an important role in the morbidity and mortality of this species.