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Med Princ Pract [journal]
- The Relationship between Coronary Collateral Circulation and Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Coronary Chronic Total Occlusion. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Oct 17.
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion. Subjects and Methods: Our study population consisted of 275 consecutive patients with chronic total occlusion. One hundred and thirty-eight patients with chronic total occlusion were included in the study. They were classified into 2 groups as follows: impaired CCC (group 1: Rentrop grades 0-1) and good CCC (group 2: Rentrop grades 2-3). The NLR was calculated from the complete blood count. Results: The NLR values of the patients with impaired CCC (4.5 ± 0.7) were significantly higher than of those with good CCC (2.7 ± 0.6, p < 0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression test, NLR (OR 33.36, 95% CI 8.189-135.7, p < 0.001), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP; OR 2.152, 95% CI 1.226-3.777, p = 0.008), estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR 1.167, 95% CI 1.049-1.298, p = 0.004) and systolic blood pressure (OR 1.068, 95% CI 1.009-1.1310, p = 0.025) were independent predictors of impaired CCC. The NLR value >3.55 yielded an area under the curve value of 0.957 (95% CI 0.921-0.992, p < 0.001) and demonstrated a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 90% for the prediction of CCC. A moderate correlation between NLR and hs-CRP was observed (r = 0.443; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our findings reveal that NLR correlates with the impaired development of coronary collaterals. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Evaluation of Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Immunocompetent Adults: A Retrospective Case Series Analysis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Oct 17.
Objective: It was the aim of this study to evaluate the demographic factors and clinical features of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) compared to those of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among adult immunocompetent patients. Subjects and Methods: A total of 427 patients with clinically, radiologically and histopathologically confirmed TB were enrolled in the study, in our clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Turkey, during a 5-year period (2007-2012). Patient data were obtained retrospectively. Among the 427 patients, 55 patients with both PTB and EPTB and who were using steroids or had taken immunosuppressive drugs were excluded from the study. Results: Of the 372 patients, 227 (61%) were males and 168 (45.2%) had EPTB; 204 (54.8%) patients had PTB. The most frequent sites of EPTB were the lymph nodes (n = 45, 12.1%), pleura (n = 40, 10.7%) and brain (n = 7, 1.8%). The most common symptoms were cough (n = 174, 46.7%), night sweats (n = 127, 34.1%) and fever (n = 123, 33%). Compared to EPTB patients, PTB patients were less likely to have received Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination (odds ratio 0.41, 95% confidence interval 0.2-0.63; p < 0.001). Eighty-one (48.2%) of the EPTB and 146 (71.6%) of the PTB patients were males. Pulmonary involvement was more common among men (n = 146, 71.6%) than among women (n = 58, 28.2%; p = 0.000). Conclusion: There was a high incidence of EPTB in our study. Early diagnosis of EPTB is crucial for treatment, and atypical presentations of TB should be kept in mind for immunocompetent patients living in endemic areas. Females especially should be investigated for EPTB. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- A Comparative Study of the Beneficial Effects of Ipratropium and Beclomethasone against Insulin-Induced Tracheal Tissue Contraction in a Guinea Pig Model. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 24.
Objective: To evaluate the acute effects of insulin on airway reactivity and the protective effects of beclomethasone and ipratropium against insulin-induced airway hyperresponsiveness on isolated tracheal smooth muscle in a guinea pig model. Materials and Methods: The trachea of each guinea pig was excised; one end of the tracheal strip was attached to the hook of the oxygen tube of a tissue bath and the other end was connected to a research-grade isometric force displacement transducer. The effects of varying concentrations of insulin (10(-7) to 10(-3)M) and insulin pretreated with a fixed concentration of beclomethasone (10(-6)M) and ipratropium (10(-6)M) on the isolated tracheal tissue were studied by constructing cumulative concentration-response curves. Changes in tracheal smooth muscle contractions were recorded on a 4-channel oscillograph. Results: The means ± standard error of the mean of the maximum amplitude of contraction with increasing concentrations of insulin and of insulin pretreated with fixed concentrations of beclomethasone and ipratropium were 35 ± 1.13, 22 ± 1.15 and 27.8 ± 1.27 mm, respectively. Conclusion: The data showed that beclomethasone inhibited the contractile response of insulin to a greater extent than ipratropium. Thus we suggest that inhalational insulin pretreated with beclomethasone may be more efficacious than with ipratropium for the amelioration of potential respiratory adverse effects such as bronchoconstriction. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Usefulness of Rehabilitation in Patients with Rotator Cuff Calcific Tendinopathy after Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Treatment. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 6.
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a specific rehabilitation program for patients in whom ultrasound-guided percutaneous treatment (UGPT) was performed for rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT). Subjects and Methods: In this prospective observational study, 86 patients (22 males and 64 females) with shoulder calcific tendinopathy treated with UGPT were enrolled. At the end of the procedure, a corticosteroid injection into the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa was performed. The patients were then asked to follow a specific rehabilitation protocol (2 times/week for 5 weeks) that focused on mobility, strength and function. At baseline and after 6 weeks, clinical parameters, visual analog scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley scale (CMS) scores and ultrasound (US) features were collected. Results: The mean age of the patients was 48.9 ± 8.4 years and their mean BMI was 22.7 ± 2.1. Considering the whole cohort, the treatment was effective, with a significant decrease in the VAS score and an improvement in the CMS score. Thereafter, on the basis of the compliance to the rehabilitation program (by self-report), 53 and 33 patients were included in the rehabilitation group (Rehab group; performed exercises ≥2 times/week) and the No Rehab group (performed exercises <2 times/week), respectively. The comparison between the groups showed that the subjects who performed the exercises regularly had better results in terms of pain and functional recovery, and less associated diseases (e.g. adhesive bursitis and tenosynovitis of the long head of the biceps) than those who were less compliant with the program. Conclusions: UGPT, followed by a specific postprocedure rehabilitation program, was an effective treatment for RCCT. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter: How Safe Is It for Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients? [LETTER]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 6.
- Coexistence of Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia with Other Forms of Arrhythmias. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 3.
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the association of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) with other forms of arrhythmia in individual patients and its consequences for treatment. Subjects and Methods: This study comprised 493 consecutive patients aged 16-88 years (296 women and 197 men) who were diagnosed with a form of AVNRT via a standard 4-catheter electrophysiological study (EPS). Patients were clinically followed (range 0.5-12 years) at a single center. Results: Coexistence of AVNRT with other types of tachycardias was observed in 197 (40%) patients. Atrial fibrillation was found most frequently in 94 (19%) patients as follows: focal atrial tachycardia, n = 40 (8%); atrial flutter, n = 32 (6%), and AV reentrant tachycardia, n = 22 (4%). Double tachycardia was present in 140 (30%) patients, and more than 2 different types of tachycardias were present in 57 (12%) patients. Transitions between AVNRT and other tachycardias occurred in 25 (5%) patients. Two or more tachycardias were ablated in 42 (9%) patients. The majority of patients were free of symptoms at the first follow-up, whereas 130 (26%) patients reported a variety of symptoms. Conclusion: Coexistence of AVNRT with other types of arrhythmias was a common finding among these patients. The most frequently observed double tachycardia was the combination of AVNRT with atrial tachyarrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, with a potential significance for further patient management. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Effects of High-Frequency Bio-Oxidative Ozone Therapy in Temporomandibular Disorder-Related Pain. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 3.
Objective: It was the aim of this study to compare the efficacy of ozone therapy and drug treatment in patients with painful temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder (TMD). Subjects and Methods: A total of 63 patients with TMD were enrolled; 33 were treated with bio-oxidative therapy and 30 with a ketoprofen tablet thiocolchicoside capsule 2 × 1 for 7 days. Maximum voluntary interincisal mouth opening (MMO) was measured in millimeters using a scale and recorded during the pre- and posttreatment periods. The patients evaluated their subjective pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and the independent t test. Results: The mean MMO of the group that received ozone therapy during the pretreatment period was 46.51 ± 8.2 mm, and it immediately increased to 48.78 ± 7.5 mm after 1 week of ozone therapy, which was statistically significant (p = 0.04). For those who received medication, the mean MMO during the pretreatment period was 46.30 mm, and at the end of 1 week it was 46.9 mm. In the ozone group, 29% of patients showed a gradual decrease in their VAS pain scores compared to pretreatment values (6.3 ± 2.1 to 3.0 ± 2.2). In the medication group, 24% of patients showed a significant decrease in VAS pain scores during the follow-up period (6.9 ± 1.4 to 5.0 ± 1.5). Conclusion: This study showed that bio-oxidative therapy was a more effective treatment than medication therapy for relieving TMJ pain. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Potential Mechanisms Involved in the Anticonvulsant Effect of Walnut Extract on Pentylenetetrazole-Induced Seizure. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Sep 4.
Objective: It was the aim of this study to determine the potential effect of walnut kernel extract (WKE) on experimentally induced seizures in rats and to evaluate the role of benzodiazepines and ethosuximide (ESM) within these pathways. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were selected and divided into eight groups. Seizures were evoked by intravenous infusion of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ; 2 mg/ml/min). In combination with PTZ, animals were treated with vehicle or WKE (100 mg/kg i.p.), with or without cotreatment with either flumazenil (FMZ; 5 mg/kg i.p.), ESM (150 mg/kg i.p.) or diazepam (DPZ; 0.5 mg/kg i.p.). Results: WKE administration significantly increased the PTZ dose needed to induce the first myoclonic jerk (13.09 ± 1.29 vs. 49.71 ± 12.03 mg/kg; p < 0.001), decreased the severity of seizure grades and reduced the mortality rate to 0%. FMZ did not significantly reduce the anticonvulsant effect of WKE. The combination of DPZ and WKE showed a synergic anticonvulsant effect, whereas ESM had no significant influence (p > 0.05) on the WKE effects. Conclusion: These findings indicated that WKE was effective at reducing seizure severity, at increasing the dose to the first myoclonic jerk and highly efficacious at preventing mortality, because 100% of animals were protected. It seems that this positive effect could apply through signaling pathways other than benzodiazepine-mediated γ-aminobutyric acid receptors and may at least in part be similar to ESM. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Comparison of Arthroscopic, Radioactive and Combined Synovectomy in the Treatment of Chronic Non-Specific Knee Synovitis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2014 Aug 29.
Objective: To compare the outcomes of arthroscopic, radioactive and combined synovectomies in patients with chronic non-specific recurrent synovitis who did not respond to conservative therapy. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-nine patients enrolled between 2007 and 2011 were divided into 3 groups: group 1 was treated with arthroscopy, group 2 received a radioactive drug and group 3 received a combined (radioactive and arthroscopic) synovectomy. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by comparing pre- and post-operative Lysholm knee scores (LKS), night pain, resting pain, activity pain and effusions using visual analogue scales (VAS). Patient satisfaction was assessed using the visual analogue patient satisfaction scale (VAPSS). Results: The mean age of the study participants was 41.5 ± 5.2 years (range 14-76), and the mean follow-up period was 33.6 ± 3.2 months (range 17-78). Before treatment, the mean LKS was 41.4 ± 3.4 in group 1, 39.6 ± 3.3 in group 2 and 37.1 ± 4.6 in group 3. After treatment, the corresponding mean LKS were 77.7 ± 2.1, 81.6 ± 2.8 and 91.3 ± 2.7 in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively; the increase was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The VAS scores before and after treatment decreased significantly (p < 0.05). The mean VAPSS score, a measure of patient satisfaction, was 5.1 ± 1.7, 5.8 ± 1.5 and 7.4 ± 1.8 in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively, and the difference between groups 1 and 2 was not statistically significant, while that between group 3 and the other two groups was significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that the three methods used in individuals with chronic non-specific recurrent synovitis were effective; however, arthroscopic synovectomy in combination with radioactive synovectomy was more effective than the other methods and superior in terms of patient satisfaction. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.