Med Princ Pract [journal]
- Costal Cartilages Do Not Overgrow in Patients with Pectus Excavatum. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2016 Aug 16.
- Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid B Receptor, Insulin Receptor Substrate-1, and Hypocretin Neuropeptide Precursor Genes and Susceptibility to Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome in a Chinese Han Population. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2016 Aug 10.
- Aortic Stiffness and Inflammation; Dyslipidemia or Matrix Metalloproteinases ? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2016 Aug 9.
- Twenty-Eight-Day Mortality of Blunt Traumatic Brain Injury and Co-Injuries Requiring Mechanical Ventilation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2016 Jul 7.
This paper aims to assess the impact of co-injuries and consequent emergency surgical interventions and nosocomial pneumonia on the 28-day mortality of patients with severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs).One hundred and seventy-seven patients with TBI admitted to the emergency trauma intensive care unit at the Clinical Center of Serbia for more than 48 h were studied over a 1-year period. On admission, the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (APACHE II) were calculated. At admission, an isolated TBI was recorded in 45 of the patients, while 44 had three or more co-injuries.Of the 177 patients, 78 (44.1%) died by the end of the 28-day follow-up period. They had a significantly higher ISS score (25 vs. 20; p = 0.024) and more severe head (p = 0.034) and chest (p = 0.013) injuries compared to those who survived. Nonsurvivors had spent more days on mechanical ventilation (9.5 vs. 8; p = 0.041) and had a significantly higher incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) than survivors (67.9 vs. 40.4%; p < 0.001). A high Rotterdam CT score (OR 2.062; p < 0.001) and a high APACHE II score (OR 1.219; p < 0.001) were identified as independent predictors of early TBI-related mortality.Patients who had TBI with a high Rotterdam score and a high APACHE II score were at higher risk of 28-day mortality. VAP was a very common complication of TBI and was associated with an early death and higher mortality in the subgroup of patients with a GCS ≤8.