Download the Free Unbound MEDLINE PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.
Available for iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Android.
Med Princ Pract [journal]
- Primary Headache Associated with Sexual Activity: Case Report. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 May 3.
Objectives:We present a rare case of primary headache associated with sexual activity. Clinical Presentation and Intervention: A 48-year-old man presented with a severe headache during sexual intercourse, particularly at the time of orgasm. A diagnosis of type 2 primary headache associated with sexual activity was made, and he was started on indomethacin 25 mg to be taken 30 min before intercourse and propranolol 40 mg twice a day, following which he noted a dramatic improvement within in a week.
Conclusions:The case highlights the importance of paying attention to the differential diagnosis. For this patient, prophylactic treatment with beta-blockers and/or preemptive therapy with indomethacin was successful.
- Prevalence and Factors Associated with the Use of Illicit Substances among Male University Students in Kuwait. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 27.
Objectives:To estimate the prevalence of illicit use of substances and identify the factors associated with illicit drug use among male students in the state-run Kuwait University and private universities in Kuwait. Subjects and
Methods:The study was a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 1,587 male students from both private universities (n = 869) and the public (n = 718) Kuwait University in Kuwait. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Overall lifetime prevalence of substance use was computed with 95% confidence interval. Logistic regression was used to identify the factors influencing substance use, which was adjusted for potential confounders.
Results:The total lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use was 14.4% and the most frequently used illicit substance was marijuana (11%). The substance use in general varied significantly (p ≤ 0.001) between private (18%) and public (10%) universities. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed that drug use was positively associated with age, poor academic performance, high family income, being an only child, divorced parents, and graduation from a private high school.
Conclusion:Drug use among male university students in Kuwait was high and requires attention and appropriate intervention. The factors identified with drug use in this study could be utilized to develop appropriate public health policies and preventive measures that may improve the health status of the student population.
- Emergence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 27.
Objective:To establish the relatedness of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates in the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait. Materials and
Methods:A total of 22 MRSA were isolated from 20 neonates and 1 mother in the Special Care Unit, Maternity Hospital, Kuwait. They were characterized using antibiogram, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), SCCmec typing, spa typing and multi locus sequence typing (MLST), and were screened for genes encoding Panton Valentine leukocidin (PVL) and capsular polysaccharide types 5 and 8.
Results:The isolates were resistant to cadmium acetate (n = 22 or 100%), trimethoprim (n = 13 or 59.1%), gentamicin (n = 7 or 31.8%), ciprofloxacin (n = 5 or 22.7%), erythromycin and clindamycin (n = 2 or 9.1%), tetracycline (n = 2 or 9.1%) and fusidic acid (n = 2 or 9.1%). Eight isolates contained genes for PVL while 15 and 6 carried genes for types 5 and 8 capsular polysaccharide, respectively. Molecular typing distinguished 12 clones. Ten of these clones consisted of 20 isolates belonging to ST60-SCCmec-IV-t3935 (5 isolates), ST6-SCCmec-IV-t6269 (4 isolates), ST194-SCCmec-IV-t6892 (3 isolates), ST1-SCCmec-V-t2962 (2 isolates) and 1 isolate each of ST77-SCCmec-IV-t339, ST935-SCCmec-V-t1084, ST1317-SCCmec-V-t1548, ST9-SCCmec-V-t5801, ST627-SCCmec-IV-t1340 and ST2148-SCCmec-IV-t2810.
Conclusion:The study demonstrated the emergence of MRSA including novel ST60 and ST194 clones at the Maternity Hospital in Kuwait.
- Pupillometric Assessment of Autonomic Nervous System in Children with Allergic Rhinitis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 24.
Objective:The purpose of this study was to investigate autonomic nervous system dysfunction by measuring pupil sizes in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis. Subjects and
Methods:The study group consisted of 60 children (28 girls and 32 boys) who were age and gender matched with the control group, which also consisted of 60 children (26 girls and 34 boys). The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis was based on the history, physical examination and skin prick test performed by an allergologist. Pupil diameter measurements were performed using the pupillometer incorporated in the NİDEK OPD-Scan.
Results:In the allergic rhinitis group, mean photopic and mesopic pupil diameters were 3.52 ± 0.07 and 5.98 ± 0.21, respectively, while in the control group, corresponding measurements were 4.03 ± 0.18 and 6.55 ± 0.16. There was a significant difference for photopic and mesopic pupil diameter between the groups (p < 0.001).
Conclusion:This study showed that the pupil size in response to a light stimulus in children with allergic rhinitis was smaller than that of the control group and may indicate parasympathetic hyperactivity and sympathetic hypoactivity.
- Genotypes and Virulence Genes in Group B Streptococcus Isolated in the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 5.
Objective:To characterize group B streptococcus (GBS) isolates obtained from patients at the Maternity Hospital in Kuwait for their genotypes and carriage of virulence genes. Materials and
Methods:A total of 154 GBS isolates were obtained from July 1 to October 31, 2007, from vaginal swabs (n = 95), urine (n = 46), blood (n = 4) and miscellaneous sources (n = 9). Genotypes were obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), following digestion with SmaI or EagI restriction enzymes. PCR was used to screen for the carriage of virulence genes including: surface protein of group B streptococcus (spb1), secreted fibrinogen-binding protein (fbsB), C5a peptidase (scpB), laminin-binding protein (lmb), α- (bca) and β-subunits of the C protein (bac), resistance to protease immunity protein (rib), and phage-associated gene (pag); regulatory protein (dltR), and toxins CAMP factor (cfb), hyaluronidase (hylB) and superoxide dismutase (sodA).
Results:PFGE defined 14 genotypes differentiating isolates with the same serotypes into different genetic backgrounds. All isolates contained genes for virulence factors. However, cfb (99.4%), scpB (88.3%), lmb (88.3%), bca (57.8%), sodA (55.8%) and dltR (53.9%) were the common virulence genes. In total, 144 (90.3%) of the isolates contained 3 or more virulence genes. However, while cfb, lmb and scpB occurred in all genotypes, others occurred in some but not in all genotypes.
Conclusions:GBS isolates obtained at the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, belonged to diverse genetic backgrounds with the majority carrying multiple virulence genes.
- Unusual Presentation of Guillain-Barré Syndrome following Traumatic Bone Injuries: Report of Two Cases. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 5.
Objective:To report two cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) which occurred following traumatic bone injuries. Presentation and Intervention: Two patients presented with traumatic bone injuries. The first was a 47-year-old female who was admitted with fracture of both tibial bones sustained during a road traffic accident. One week after surgical fixation of the fracture, she developed areflexic weakness of all four limbs and respiratory muscle weakness. The nerve conduction study was consistent with GBS. She was administered intravenous immunoglobulins which was repeated after 2 weeks. She recovered gradually. The second patient was a 31-year-old male who was admitted with 4-days history of severe back pain which occurred when he lifted a heavy weight. He then developed ascending areflexic weakness of all four limbs and bifacial weakness. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine revealed fracture of L1 and L2 vertebrae. Nerve conduction studies confirmed the diagnosis of GBS. He was given mechanical ventilatory support and was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and later plasmapheresis. However, his condition gradually deteriorated as he developed aspiration pneumonia and sepsis with multi-organ failure and finally expired.
Conclusion:These cases highlight the importance of considering GBS as a differential diagnosis when patients with traumatic bone injuries develop acute neuromuscular weakness. Early diagnosis and treatment may prevent morbidity and mortality.
- What's New in the Pathophysiology of Sickle Cell Disease? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Apr 5.
- What's new in the benefits of restoring primary teeth? [Journal Article]
- Med Princ Pract 2013; 22(3):207-8.
- HLA-A, B (Class I) and HLA-DR, DQ (Class II) Antigens in Turkish Patients with Recurrent Aphthous Ulceration and Behçet's Disease. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Med Princ Pract 2013 Mar 7.