Download the Free Unbound MEDLINE PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.
Available for iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, and Android.
Minerva Cardioangiol [journal]
- Critical ischemia of the left arm caused by thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS): case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):372-4.
- Successful bilateral carotid artery stenting via radial artery. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):371-2.
- Why interventional cardiologists may be the most suitable specialists for the endovascular management of peripheral artery disease. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):367-70.
Peripheral artery disease has a major morbidity and mortality burden worldwide, and its impact is going to increase even further given the obesity and diabetes pandemic. Whereas medical therapy and open surgical therapy (e.g. bypass, endarterectomy, and aneurysmectomy) remain mainstays in the management of peripheral artery disease, endovascular (i.e. percutaneous or transcatheter) therapy is gaining ever increasing success among patients and physicians alike. However, endovascular interventions can be performed by cardiologists, radiologists, vascular surgeons and, possibly, others as well. Are all these specialists similarly likely to perform endovascular procedures in a safe and effective fashion? Can we identify a subset of specialists ideally equipped to perform endovascular interventions in the best manner? We indeed make the case in this article for the possible superiority of interventional cardiologists, for their background, training and clinical experience, in performing endovascular procedures.
- Rare cardiomyopathies: diagnostic features. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):351-65.
Cardiomyopathies (CM) are an important and heterogeneous group of diseases affecting the myocardium. They can induce mechanical and/or electrical disorders and are due to a variety of causes, they frequently are genetic. However, since their high number and their clinical complexity, the identification is still a challenge. Echocardiography is a very useful tool in the assessment of CM. In this review we aim to define the typical clinical features and to discuss the main diagnostic tool, above all echocardiography that can help physicians in the correct assessment of CM.
- What's new in transapical aortic valve implantation: clinical experience with second generation devices. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):341-9.
Within 10 years after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was first accomplished for treatment of calcified aortic stenosis, this new technology has rapidly evolved to become clinical routine. Today it may be considered standard treatment for inoperable patients with superior outcomes compared to best medical therapy. Furthermore, it represents an alternative therapeutic option compared to surgical aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients. According to current international guidelines and expert consensus statements, TAVI should be performed as a joint effort by an interdisciplinary heart team to ensure input from multiple skill sets for optimal patient outcome. Major safety concerns include neurologic complications, acute kidney injury, access site complications, procedure-related conduction disturbances, paravalvular leakage valve durability. At present, only one device for transapical TAVI is in widespread clinical use: the Edwards Sapien transcatheter valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA). Recently, however, a number of second generation devices for transapical TAVI have been developed in order to address some of the limitations of first generation valves. In this paper, current data on second generation devices for transapical TAVI will be reviewed and ongoing trials discussed.
- Long term clinical outcomes in DES implantation for unprotected left main disease. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):333-40.
Aim:Generate a long term follow-up and evaluate the impact of clinical and procedural characteristics on long term events in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease.
Methods:Ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent PCI with DES, either sirolimus (SES) or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES), for de novo lesions in ULMCA were analyzed. No patients were excluded. Mean follow-up was 3 years (range 1-6.7 years).
Results:Technical and procedural success rate were 100% and 95.9%. According to the Academic Research Consortium definitions, cardiac death occurred in 6.1% of patients, reinfarction, target vessel revascularization (TVR) and target lesion revascularization (TLR) occurred in 6.1%, 17.5% and 4.2% of patients respectively. Definite stent thrombosis (ST) incidence was 1%, whereas possible ST occurred in 4.2% of patients. Postdilation was performed in 49.5% of patients and was, among all clinical and procedural characteristics, the only factor at multivariate analysis significantly related to lower MACE (25% vs. 46.9%, P=0.024, CI: 0.202 to 0.889) and TVR (8.3% vs. 26.5%, P=0.03 CI: 0.096-0.895).
Conclusion:Long term follow-up in PCI of ULMCA disease shows favorable clinical results. Stent postdilation seems to have a protective role in DES PCI for ULMCA disease.
- Mesoglycan treatment in Raynaud phenomenon: a case series. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):323-31.
Aim and methods: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a common clinical disorder without cure or gold standard therapy. Mesoglycan is an well-balanced extract of glycosaminoglycans active on endothelial layers at microcirculatory level. Herein we investigated for the first time the efficacy and tolerability of mesoglycan on vasospastic attacks and videocapillaroscopy patterns in 25 consecutive patients with primary or secondary RP. Results and conclusion: During 12 months of add-on therapy, mesoglycan obtained a remarkable and significant reduction in the frequency of Raynaud attacks and an improvement of the capillaroscopy abnormalities in most patients, without important adverse effects, revealing a good convenience in the management if this condition.
- Early vascular healing with biodegradable polymer coated sirolimus-eluting coronary stent implantation: assessed by optical coherence tomography results at 4-month follow-up. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):313-22.
Aim:The aim of this study was to evaluate the strut apposition and neointimal coverage of Supralimus-Core stent struts at 4 months after implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Methods:The Supralimus-Core OCT study is a retrospective, single-center study evaluating strut apposition and neointimal coverage with OCT at 4 months after stent implantation. A total of 12 patients, who had 15 stents implanted were included in the study. The OCT was obtained using a C7-XR FD-OCT (frequency-domain OCT) intravascular imaging system. Strut apposition, neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) thickness and stent coverage on each stent strut were evaluated.
Results:A total of 2870 struts and 1950 frames were analyzed from 15 stents. Average stent length was 29.3 mm. Average reference vessel diameter was 2.64 mm. Among 12 patients, 3 (25.0%) patients were with diabetes, 4 (26.7%) type B2 and 10 (66.7%) type C lesions. The apposed and covered struts were 2787 (97.11%), whereas malapposed and covered struts were 3 (0.10%), apposed and uncovered 49 (1.71%) and malapposed and uncovered 31 (1.08%). Mean NIH thickness was 155.1±55.2 µm.
Conclusion:The present study suggests that Supralimus-Core stent has a favorable vascular healing pattern at 4 months after stent implantation in terms of stent-strut coverage and strut apposition. This information indicates that the Supralimus-Core stent is a promising solution for decreasing late stent restenosis and preventing stent thrombosis.
- Circulating endothelial progenitor cells are inversely correlated with in-stent restenosis in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes treated with EPC-capture stents (JACK-EPC trial). [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):301-11.
Aim:Aim of the study was to evaluate the association between circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and angiographic outcomes after implantation of GenousTM stent in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS) (NSTE-ACS) undergoing urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Methods:Sixty patients treated with EPC-capture stent (N.=30) or bare metal stents (BMS) (N.=30) receiving 80 mg atorvastatin and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT) for 12 months. Restenosis was assessed after 6 months by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and major acute coronary events (MACE) evaluated after 6 and 12 months. Inclusion criteria: de novo lesion >70% in native vessel, diameter 2.5-4 mm, lesion length <30 mm. Exclusion criteria: diabetes, previous revascularization, significant left main stenosis, chronic total occlusions (CTO) and multivessel disease.
Results:Majority of patients in EPC-capture stent and BMS groups presented with NSTEMI (73.3% and 70%, respectively). Mean stent length was 20.1±8 and 19.9±10 mm, diameter 3±0.97 and 3.1±0.88 mm in respective groups. The binary restenosis was significantly lower in GenousTM (13 vs. 26.6%, P=0.04). Risk of MACE after 6 and 12 months were comparable in both groups. There was no stent thrombosis. Numbers of circulating EPCs were significantly approximately 2-fold higher during the ACS than after 6 months. Mobilization of EPCs during acute ischemia was significantly lower in patients who developed restenosis after 6 months (3 vs. 4.5 cells/μL, P=0.002) and it was negatively correlated with late-loss after 6 months (R=-0.42; P<0.03).
Conclusion:Use of GenousTM stents in NSTE-ACS is associated with lower restenosis rate than BMS at 6 months. There was no ST through 1 year. The number of circulating EPCs is inversely correlated with in-stent late loss (LL).
- MitraClip Registries: what have we learned recently. [Journal Article]
- Minerva Cardioangiol 2013 Jun; 61(3):295-300.
MitraClip therapy is emerging as an alternative treatment for primary and secondary mitral regurgitation in high risk patients. A randomized trial has shown safety in selected patients, with efficacy non inferior to surgery in elderly patients with functional mitral regurgitation. Following commercialization, MitraClip therapy is offered to patients very different from the profile of those enrolled in the randomized trial. Several registries are on the way and provide useful preliminary information related to real-world experience with percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system.