- Effect of Verbal Empathy and Touch on Anxiety Relief in Patients Undergoing Flexible Bronchoscopy: Can Empathy Reduce Patients' Anxiety? [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Verbal empathy and touch given by a bronchoscopist before bronchoscopy reduced anxiety in patients with high baseline anxiety levels.
- Can Large Hydatid Cysts Resolve with Medical Treatment Alone? [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 20
- A 66-year-old female from a rural area in South Africa presented with non-life-threatening haemoptysis. Radiologic and serological investigations attributed her symptoms to bilateral, large echinococ...
A 66-year-old female from a rural area in South Africa presented with non-life-threatening haemoptysis. Radiologic and serological investigations attributed her symptoms to bilateral, large echinococcal cysts. She declined surgery despite her lung physiologic parameters, which deemed her eligible. Medical therapy with oral albendazole was initiated with excellent clinical and radiologic response during a follow-up period of 18 months. To our knowledge, this is one of the first reported cases in the literature that shows complete resolution of bilateral large echinococcal cysts with medical treatment alone in an adult patient.
- Oxygen Saturation of 75%, but No Symptoms! [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 20
- Endosonography of a Pulmonary Artery Obstruction in Echinococcosis. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 20
- A 44-year-old woman with a history of pulmonary embolism and abdominal echinococcosis complained of sudden thoracic pain and shortness of breath. A D-dimer of 77.5 mg/l (reference ≤0.5 mg/l) was foun...
A 44-year-old woman with a history of pulmonary embolism and abdominal echinococcosis complained of sudden thoracic pain and shortness of breath. A D-dimer of 77.5 mg/l (reference ≤0.5 mg/l) was found. Chest CT scan revealed obstruction of the right lower and middle lobe pulmonary artery (PA). Anticoagulation therapy was initiated for the presumed diagnosis of recurrent pulmonary embolism. However, due to persistent symptoms of dyspnea, follow-up CT angiography of the chest was performed 3 months later. A persistent PA obstruction was found and the presumed diagnosis of embolism was questioned. Subsequently, endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) imaging was performed to support an alternative diagnosis. EBUS imaging showed an inhomogeneous, sharply demarcated, intravascular lesion with round hypoechoic areas compatible with cysts. The diagnosis of embolism was rejected and treatment with albendazole was initiated for pulmonary echinococcosis. Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease and cystic spread in the PA is exceptional. The patient has remained stable for more than 4 years. In case of disease progression, including progressive PA obstruction or life-threatening hemoptysis, surgical resection will be considered.
- Lobar Collapse Therapy Using Endobronchial Valves as a New Complementary Approach to Treat Cavities in Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis and Difficult-to-Treat Tuberculosis: A Case Series. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 12; 92(5)
- CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that endobronchial valves are likely to be useful adjuncts to the treatment of therapeutically difficult patients. More data are required to confirm our findings.
- Myeloperoxidase Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Positive Interstitial Pneumonia Associated with Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Diagnosed by Surgical Lung Biopsy. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 6
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare systemic vasculitis that often involves the lung. However, interstitial pneumonia (IP) is rarely seen in GPA patients. We herein report 3 cases of IP ...
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare systemic vasculitis that often involves the lung. However, interstitial pneumonia (IP) is rarely seen in GPA patients. We herein report 3 cases of IP associated with GPA diagnosed by surgical lung biopsy. High-resolution CT showed uniform subpleural reticular opacity with traction bronchiectasis. Biopsies from all 3 patients revealed neutrophilic capillaritis, microabscesses with giant cells, and coexisting histological findings of usual IP pattern or fibrosing nonspecific IP pattern. All 3 patients had elevated levels of serum myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA), but not proteinase 3-ANCA. We diagnosed GPA and treated with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide. Follow-up CT showed improvement of the lesions in all patients. Surgical lung biopsy specimens which revealed GPA enabled us to conduct the most suitable therapy. This report indicates the importance of surgical lung biopsy for differentiating idiopathic IPs from GPA-associated IP and suggests a relationship between MPO-ANCA and IP in GPA.
- Bilateral Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction in Patients with Severe Emphysema. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 5
- Reducing hyperinflated areas in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, either surgically or endoscopically, leads to improvement of functional parameters. It is unclear if bilateral treatment with en...
Reducing hyperinflated areas in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, either surgically or endoscopically, leads to improvement of functional parameters. It is unclear if bilateral treatment with endobronchial valves (EBV) aiming at total lobar occlusion is beneficial. The aim of this study was to assess the results after staged bilateral endoscopic treatment with EBV. This is a retrospective analysis of patients with severe airflow obstruction, who were treated bilaterally with EBV in two stages, aiming at subsequent atelectasis. Pre- and postintervention lung function parameters, the 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), complications, and follow-up were recorded. Sixteen patients were treated bilaterally in two stages. There was an overall improvement in lung function from baseline to second-treatment follow-up with an increase in FEV1 (23.57-29.21% of predicted) and a decrease in residual volume (299.21-240.10% of predicted) and total lung capacity (140.78-128.71% of predicted). The 6-MWT improved up to 54 m. After each procedure, 9 of 16 patients (56.25%) developed an atelectasis of the target lobe. Overall, pneumothorax occurred in 8 of 32 procedures (25%). No patient died. Patients benefitted from the first EBV treatment. The second treatment did not lead to marked improvements compared to the first treatment. Bilateral lung volume reduction with valves is possible; however, the current results seem not to justify bilateral valve treatment as a routine approach.
- Answers Regarding the Etiology of Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Usefulness of Polymerase Chain Reaction Techniques. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Oct 5
- Different Training-Induced Skeletal Muscle Adaptations in COPD Patients with and without Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Sep 30
- CONCLUSIONS: Following a 3-week PR with comparable training modalities, PiMM but not PiZZ patients increased the oxidative myofibre type I proportion. This skeletal muscle adaptation pattern suggests better improvement of exercise capacity in PiMM than in PiZZ patients with COPD.
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- The Impact of Case Finding on the Recruitment Yield for COPD Research in Primary Care: An Observational Study. [Journal Article]
- RRespiration 2016 Sep 29
- CONCLUSIONS: Case finding increased the number of patients recruited by 50%. The COPD patients identified by case finding differed importantly from those with previously diagnosed COPD. Researchers should be aware of COPD underdiagnosis and the potential impact of case finding during patient recruitment.