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- Supraglottic Hemangioma as a Rare Cause of Recurrent Hemoptysis: A New Treatment Modality with Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC). [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):50-2.
Adult laryngeal hemangiomas are rare and mainly involve the supraglottic region. Most common symptoms include dysphagia, dysphonia, shortness of breath and occasionally recurrent bleeding which sometimes cause a diagnostic dilemma for pulmonologists and head and neck surgeons. There is no consensus about the most appropriate treatment modality for laryngeal hemangiomas. We present a case of supraglottic hemangioma in an adult female, which was diagnosed by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and coagulated by Argon plasma coagulation (APC) with no complication.
- Primary composite lymphoma of the lung: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):47-9.
Herein, we report a rare case of primary lung lymphoma in a 61 year-old woman with a history of 6-month nonspecific symptoms like dry cough, fever, chills and weight loss. She was admitted to a hospital and received broad-spectrum antibiotics but discharged without full recovery. In her second hospital admission, a bronchoscopic evaluation and transbronchial biopsy were performed, which were not diagnostic. Finally, an open lung biopsy was done. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining of the specimen suggested pulmonary Hodgkin lymphoma. Because of disease recurrence, a second bronchoscopy was performed and endobronchial biopsy revealed transformation to anaplastic lymphoma. In the second recurrence, we decided to reevaluate the last biopsy specimens in greater details. Finally, after conduction of several staining patterns, the diagnosis of primary composite lymphoma of the lung was made.
- Sleep-disordered breathing as presenting manifestation of Chiari type I malformation: a case report. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):43-6.
Chiari Type I malformation (CM-I) is a rare disorder with displaced cerebellar tonsils through foramen magnum. Here we present a 30-year-old man with severe central and obstructive sleep apneas as presenting manifestations of CM-I. The patient underwent neurosurgery and the follow-up polysomnography revealed the resolution of central apnea while obstructive apnea remained unchanged. Central sleep apnea (CSA) could be associated with an underlying pathology; thus, further investigation is recommended in affected subjects.
- Relationship of occupational and non-occupational stress with smoking in automotive industry workers. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):35-42.
Tobacco use is the second cause of death and first cause of preventable mortality worldwide. Smoking in the workplace is particularly concerning. Smoking-free workplaces decrease the risk of exposure of non-smoking personnel to cigarette smoke. Recent studies have mostly focused on the effect of daily or non-occupational stressors (in comparison with occupational stress) on prevalence of smoking. Occupational stress is often evaluated in workplaces for smoking cessation or control programs, but the role of non-occupational stressors is often disregarded in this respect.This cross-sectional study was conducted in an automobile manufacturing company. The response of automotive industry workers to parts of the validated, reliable, Farsi version of Musculoskeletal Intervention Center (MUSIC)-Norrtalje questionnaire was evaluated. A total of 3,536 factory workers participated in this study. Data were analyzed using SPSS and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.The correlation of smoking with demographic factors, occupational stressors and life events was evaluated. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that even after adjusting for the confounding factors, cigarette smoking was significantly correlated with age, sex, level of education, job control and life events (P<0.05).The results showed that of occupational and non-occupational stressors, only job control was correlated with cigarette smoking. Non-occupational stressors had greater effect on cigarette smoking. Consideration of both non-occupational and occupational stressors can enhance the success of smoking control programs. On the other hand, a combination of smoking control and stress (occupational and non-occupational) control programs can be more effective than smoking cessation interventions alone.
- Spirometry values for detecting a restrictive pattern in occupational health settings. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):27-34.
Pulmonary function tests are valuable measures for diagnosis and management of respiratory diseases. In the field of occupational medicine, spirometry is commonly performed, and in a considerable number of spirometries during occupational health evaluations, restrictive pattern is observed without any respiratory symptoms and may necessitate referral of the subject for body plethysmography, which is an expensive test. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of spirometry for detection of restrictive lung pattern in an occupational setting.In a cross-sectional study from 2008 to 2012, 1224 subjects were selected and entered in the study out of 1,486 individuals referred for annual spirometry. Selected subjects underwent spirometry and body plethysmography. Subjects were divided into two groups of restrictive and non-restrictive patterns and then sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of spirometry for detection of restrictive lung pattern were calculated using total lung capacity measured by plethysmography as the gold standard. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used as well.Spirometry showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of 97.75%, 73.04%, 73.72% and 97.67% for FVC< lower limit of normal (LLN) and 98.68%, 78.00%, 77.31% and 98.83% for FVC< LLN along with FEV1/FVC≥ LLN, respectively. According to the ROC curve, the best cut-off point for FVC for detection of restrictive lung pattern was 70%.This study showed that spirometry is a useful method in occupational health evaluations to rule out restrictive lung patterns with acceptable accuracy; however, it is not an accurate tool for detection of restrictive lung pattern in an occupational setting. Simultaneous use of FVC and FEV1/FVC for detection of restriction increases the predictive value of spirometry.
- Lean body mass can predict lung function in underweight and normal weight sedentary female young adults. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):20-6.
A previous cross-sectional study found reduced lung function among over weight and obese students in Zanjan city. However, there is no reliable evidence about the respiratory function of underweight and normal weight students. The objective of this study was to evaluate lung function and develop prediction equations in underweight and normal weight female young adults residing in Soltanieh city near Zanjan.A cross sectional study was conducted on underweight (n=29, mean age=16±0.84 years) and normal weight (n=38, mean age=15.9±0.86 years) sedentary female young adults. Fat mass (FM) was measured by Omron Body Fat Monitor FB-3002. Lean body mass (LBM), waist to hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were calculated. Maximum oxygen uptake was calculated using Queen's College step test. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were recorded, using Spirolab III spirometer. Independent t test, Pearson's correlation test and stepwise linear regression analysis were used for data analysis.FVC and FEV1 were significantly lower than the reference values in both groups (P<0.05). LBM was significantly correlated with FVC and FEV1 in underweight and normal weight groups (P<0.05). Regression equations were derived to predict FVC and FEV1 using LBM.This study suggests that dynamic lung functions are poor in underweight and normal weight sedentary female young adults residing in Soltanieh city and LBM plays a significant role in their lung function.
- Efficacy of Dressing with Absorbent Foam versus Dressing with Gauze in Prevention of Tracheostomy Site Infection. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):13-9.
Tracheostomy site infection can cause numerous problems. Absorbent foam dressing may be able to prevent proliferation of infectious microorganisms by absorbing the tracheostomy stoma exudate. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of absorbent foam with gauze dressing for prevention of tracheostomy site infection.In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 80 patients (18 to 60 years) hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) due to severe head injury were randomly divided into two groups and early tracheostomy was done for them during the first 2 days. In the first group, gauze was used as tracheostomy site dressing, while in the second, absorbent foam, was placed. Tracheostomy site was checked daily for any sign of infection and samples were taken from the stoma for culture in case of presence of any sign of infection.Of a total of 80, 11 had tracheostomy site infection (13.75%), including 7 (17.5%) in the gauze group and 4 (10%) in the foam group. The difference in this regard between the two groups was not significant (P=0.051). Also, the dominant strains in the culture of gauze group were hospital-acquired Gram-negative bacteria (particularly Acinetobacter), while in the foam group, Gram-positives and more commonly Staphylococcus epidermidis were found.Absorbent foam dressing is not superior to gauze dressings for prevention of tracheostomy site infection.
- Clinicopathologic and survival characteristics of malignant pleural mesothelioma registered in hospital cancer registry. [Journal Article]
- Tanaffos 2014; 13(2):6-12.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare but fatal thoracic tumor, which in the majority of patients is caused by prolonged exposure to asbestos fibers. We aimed at presenting clinicopathological and treatment outcomes of 60 patients of MPM registered in our hospital cancer registry.Demographic characteristics of patients, exposure to asbestos, smoking habit, their clinicopathologic characteristics and survival analysis were described.Sixty patients had MPM. Forty patients (66.7%) were men. The mean age of patients was 55.8±11 years. Chest pain and dyspnea were the most prevalent symptoms (31.7%, and 30%, respectively). Thirty-six (61.7%) patients reported asbestos exposure. The median survival and Progression free survival (PFS) were 10.5 months (0.95CI=9.22-11.78) and 7.57 months (0.95CI=5.68-9.45), respectively. In multivariate analysis, exposure to asbestos and epithelioid subtype significantly extended the survival time. Bilateral involvement, high blood level of LDH and platelet count ≥400,000 significantly shortened the overall survival.MPM is still an important health problem in Iran. Given the aforementioned results, developing a national program to eliminate asbestos-related diseases according to the world health organization (WHO) recommendation is necessary.
- Left Adrenal Biopsy Using the Convex Curvilinear Ultrasound Scope. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Respiration 2014 Dec 6.
Effective use of the convex curvilinear ultrasound bronchoscope in the esophagus (EUS-B) is well described. EUS-B has not been described for diagnostic sampling of the left adrenal gland. We describe 6 cases of diagnostic fine-needle aspiration of the left adrenal gland using EUS-B. This capacity increases the diagnostic capabilities of the pulmonologist experienced in EUS-B. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.