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Surg Obes Relat Dis [journal]
- Conversion of failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass? [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Apr 17.
BACKGROUND:In the literature, late complications and treatment failures in laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) have been reported. When the patient presents with failure of LAGB, surgeons have the option to convert it to a different procedure. The aim of our study is to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of converting LAGB to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) versus laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB).
METHODS:Between March 2008 and October 2012, a total of 54 patients underwent conversion of LAGB at our institution. Of these patients, 41 (75.9%) were converted to LRYGB, and 13 (24.1%) patients were converted to LSG. A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed, noting the outcomes and complications of the procedure.
RESULTS:Mean body mass index at the time of conversion was 41.8±6.5 kg/m(2) in LRYGB and 39.0±6.6 kg/m(2) in LSG. Mean percentage of excess weight loss was 57.4%±17.0% and 62.4%±19.6% in LRYGB, and it was 47.7%±4.2% and 65.6%±34.5% in LSG at 12 months (P>.34) and 24 months (P>.79) after conversion. Of LRYGB patients, 7 (17.5%) were readmitted as a result of abdominal pain, dehydration, and nausea/vomiting, and 4 (10.0%) patients required reoperation. One LSG patient (8.3%) was readmitted for new-onset severe reflux and underwent hiatal hernia repair. She was converted to LRYGB 32 months after the LSG procedure. Readmission rate (P>.61) and reoperation rate (P>.63) did not show statistical difference between the 2 procedures.
CONCLUSIONS:Converting LAGB to LSG and LRYGB both seem feasible and resulted in substantial further weight loss.
- Comment on: "Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Is Safe and Efficacious for Pretransplant Candidates" [EDITORIAL]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Mar 21.
- Suspension of Panniculus Morbidus: Heavy Lifting Made Easy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Apr 15.
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Apr 19.
- Totally Robotic Stapleless Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Apr 2.
- Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS): Retention strategy and results at 24 months. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Mar 15.
BACKGROUND:Retaining participants in observational longitudinal studies after bariatric surgery is difficult yet critical because the retention rate affects interpretation and generalizability of results. Strategies for keeping participants involved in such studies are not commonly published. The objective of this study was to review LABS retention strategies and present the 24-month retention data.
METHODS:The LABS Consortium monitors an observational cohort study of 2458 adults enrolled before bariatric surgery at 10 centers within the United States (LABS-2). To maximize data completeness, the investigators developed retention strategies, including flexible scheduling, a call protocol, reminder letters, abbreviated visit options, honoraria, travel reimbursement, providing research progress reports, laboratory results, newsletters, study website, and retention surveys. Strategies for locating participants included frequent updates of contact information, sending registered letters, and searching medical and public records.
RESULTS:At 12 and 24 months, 2426 and 2405 participants remained active, with vital status known for 98.7% and 97.3% and weight obtained for 95.2% and 92.2%, respectively. There were 148 missed visits (6.2%) at 24 months primarily because of inability to contact the participant. Only 15 (0.6%) active participants at 24 months missed all follow-up visits. Although 42 participants could not be located or contacted at 6 months, data were obtained for 23 (54.7%) of them at 12 months, and of the 52 participants who could not be located or contacted at 12 months, data were obtained for 18 (34.6%) at 24 months.
CONCLUSION:Longitudinal studies provide the ability to evaluate long-term effects of bariatric surgical procedures. The retention achieved in LABS is superior to that of many published reports but requires extensive effort and resources. This report identifies useful retention strategies. Further research is needed to identify the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of specific retention strategies.
- Metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus after gastric banding: The role of aging and of duration of obesity. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Apr 17.
BACKGROUND:Bariatric surgery leads to resolution of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus; isolated reports indicate that response to bariatric surgery is lower in aged patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of age and of duration of obesity on the frequency of co-morbidities in morbid obesity, as well as on improvement of co-morbidities.
METHODS:A total of 837 consecutive patients with known duration of obesity, undergoing gastric banding, were considered for this study; they were divided into quartiles of age and of duration of obesity. Presence of co-morbidities (diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, metabolic syndrome), metabolic variables (cholesterol and HDL-C, triglycerides, blood glucose), anthropometric variables, and loss of weight during 24 months were considered.
RESULTS:Older patients had a higher frequency of co-morbidities; duration of obesity only affected frequency of co-morbidities, but not response to surgery. At logistic regression, duration of obesity had a moderate independent effect on the frequency of diabetes. Older patients lost less weight than younger patients, but diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension improved to the same extent in patients of different ages, and metabolic syndrome disappeared more in older patients, associated with a greater decrease of blood glucose. Frequency of removal of gastric banding and loss to follow-up were not different in different quartiles of age or in different quartiles of duration of obesity.
CONCLUSIONS:Older patients, despite lower weight loss, have a response to bariatric surgery that is similar to that of younger patients; age and duration of obesity should not be considered as limits to indications to bariatric surgery.
- Surgical management of chronic fistula after sleeve gastrectomy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Mar 14.
BACKGROUND:There is no clear definition of the chronic leak after sleeve gastrectomy. There are several endoscopic approaches, including endoprothese, endoscopic clips, endoscopic sealing glue, or balloon dilation. In case of failure of the endoscopic treatment, a definitive surgical approach can be attempted. The objective was to evaluate the surgical treatment of chronic leak after sleeve gastrectomy.
METHODS:From November 2010 through March 2012, 8 patients with chronic gastric fistula after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy had definitive surgical repair. The initial intervention, the diagnosis and management of the fistula, and the endoscopic approach were carefully reviewed.
RESULTS:Five patients had their original laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies performed at another hospital, while 3 had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at our institution. The mean period of time from the diagnosis of the fistula to definitive surgical treatment was 14.4 months (range 5-44 months). Seven patients initially had surgical drainage by laparoscopy (5) and by laparotomy (2), with concomitant feeding jejunostomy in 6 patients. The endoscopic treatment consisted of endoprothese in 4 patients, endoscopic sealing glue in 2 patients, and sequential approach with glue and prosthesis in 2 other patients. One patient was treated exclusively by endoscopic approach with no surgical drainage. The surgical procedures performed for chronic fistula were gastrojejunal lateral anastomosis (4), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (2), and gastrectomy with esojejunal anastomosis (2). Four patients presented with postoperative fistula, with a mean healing time of 32 days (range 22-63 days). No mortality was recorded.
CONCLUSIONS:In chronic forms of fistulas with no improvements by endoscopic approach, the surgical treatment can be a solution. It remains a difficult procedure with a high percentage of leakage, but this type of fistula is more easily tolerated by the patient and heals faster.
- Swallow syncope after laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Obes Relat Dis 2013 Mar 15.