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Surg Today [journal]
- Severe postoperative hemorrhage caused by antibody-mediated coagulation factor deficiencies: report of two cases. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 23.
Antibody-mediated coagulation factor deficiencies constitute a rare disorder that may develop in elderly patients without any history of a bleeding diathesis. Patients may present with severe and sometimes catastrophic bleeding. We report two cases of postoperative hemorrhage caused by a coagulation factor deficiency. In Case 1, massive intraabdominal bleeding occurred on day 3 after pancreaticoduodenectomy for bile duct cancer, and was caused by an acquired inhibitor of coagulation factor VIII. Hemostasis was achieved and the factor VIII inhibitor titer decreased to zero with activated prothrombin complex concentrates, prednisolone, and cyclophosphamide. In Case 2, intraabdominal bleeding occurred on day 7 after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma, and was caused by an acquired inhibitor against factors II (prothrombin) and V. This patient was treated with hemostatic agents containing bovine thrombin during surgery and also with prednisolone. We report these cases to highlight that antibody-mediated coagulation factor deficiencies should be considered when an elderly patient suffers sudden postoperative hemorrhage and to stress the importance of prompt diagnosis because of the risk of potentially life-threatening hemorrhage.
- Intra-abdominal mucinous adenocarcinoma of urachal origin: report of a case. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 21.
Intra-abdominal mucinous cystic tumors can be difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a case of histologically diagnosed primary urachal adenocarcinoma: a rare type of bladder tumor. This case report is interesting for clinicians. The patient was an 86-year-old man who presented with acute abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a large cystic mass with calcification, near the apex of the urinary bladder. Laparotomy revealed a large intra-abdominal cystic mass adherent to the anterior abdominal wall and superior to the urinary bladder. We performed laparoscopic-assisted resection and partial cystectomy. The cystic mass measured approximately 15 × 14 × 11 cm and contained mucinous material. Histological examination revealed that it extended to the muscle of the bladder wall and that its epithelium was composed of atypical cells with increased papillary morphology. The mucinous material was glycoprotein with degenerative fatty tissue, and calcification was recognized partly in the specimen. Thus, we comprehensively diagnosed a mucinous cystic adenocarcinoma of urachal origin.
- Magnetic resonance imaging for simultaneous morphological and functional evaluation of esophageal motility disorders. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 21.
PURPOSES:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of esophageal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for the diagnosis of achalasia.
METHODS:Eleven patients with suspected achalasia and three normal subjects underwent fMRI while swallowing clear liquid with original sequences; "T2-weighed single-shot fast spin-echo" and "Fast Imaging Employing Steady-state Acquisition". The fMRI-based diagnosis was compared with that based on manometry. The luminal fluctuation index (LFI) and Dd/Ds ratio were used for the objective evaluation of the esophageal peristalsis and relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).
RESULTS:Functional MRI showed a dilated tortuous esophagus with no tumor, poor clearance, simultaneous waves, aperistalsis, and impaired LES relaxation in all but one case, allowing the diagnosis of achalasia with accuracy similar to that of manometry. The LFI (median 0.08, range 0.03-0.25) and Dd/Ds ratio (1.40, 1.0-2.3) of the patient group were significantly lower than those of the normal subjects [1.50, 2.32-4.05, and 2.59 (2.32-4.05)]. No severe adverse events directly related to fMRI were noted.
CONCLUSIONS:Using our protocol, fMRI was considered to be safe and feasible for the diagnosis of achalasia. Given the widespread use of MRI, esophageal fMRI, which does not require exposure to radiation, could be a potentially useful diagnostic tool for patients with esophageal motility disorders.
- Left hepatic trisectionectomy for hepatolithiasis with occluded left and right anterior branches of the portal vein: report of a case. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 21.
A 64-year-old male was admitted to a local hospital with epigastric pain. Diagnostic imaging revealed hepatolithiasis in the atrophic left lobe. However, endoscopic intervention was impossible because of the presence of many large stones. He was referred to our hospital for surgical treatment. Enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography revealed that the right posterior portal vein (PV) was branched from the portal trunk as a first-order branch, and the bile duct of segment 3 ran caudally to the umbilical portion of the left PV. Furthermore, the umbilical portion of the left PV, which was located between the dilated bile ducts of segment 2 and segment 3, and also the right anterior PV, was occluded with thrombus. Based on these findings, he underwent left hepatic trisectionectomy. Although the indications for left hepatic trisectionectomy for hepatolithiasis are limited, it is therefore extremely important to determine the most appropriate surgical procedure based on the anatomy and findings of hepatic hilus in individual cases.
- Functional outcomes and quality of life in patients treated with laparoscopic total colectomy for colonic inertia. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 19.
PURPOSE:To assess the functional outcomes and quality of life in patients with laparoscopic total colectomy for slow-transit constipation (STC).
METHODS:All patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis for colonic inertia at two referral centers were analyzed. Their preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative details were recorded with a one-year follow-up. Their quality of life was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire.
RESULTS:Between 2004 and 2007, 710 patients were evaluated. Eight female patients (1.1 %) fulfilled the criteria for STC without obstructive defecation syndrome. Their mean age was 38 years ± 15 (range from 22 to 62). The conversion rate was 12.5 %. The morbidity rate was 37.5 %, and mortality was nil. The preoperative abdominal pain was 6.6 ± 0.3 and had decreased to 3.6 ± 2.3 postoperatively (P = 0.008). At 1 year, the defecation frequency per week had increased from 0.84 ± 0.24 to 6.75 ± 3.4 (P = 0.001). Three patients developed nocturnal leakage (37.5 %). Eighty-eight percent of the patients recommend the procedure. All parameters of the SF-36 questionnaire had improved at the one-year follow-up examination.
CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic colectomy for slow-transit constipation is safe and increased the number of evacuations per week. Although nocturnal leakage may occur, these patients experience improvements in their quality of life.
- A simple technique using a Lap-Protector for fenestration to manage empyema. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 18.
We describe the successful management of empyema in patients who need fenestration, but whose general condition is compromised by a high count of multi-drug resistant bacteria, deteriorating health, or bronchial fistula. The procedure is performed at the bed side, under local anesthesia. After making an incision in the thoracic wall using electric cautery, fenestration is created by inserting a Lap-Protector so as to widen the intercostal space. Fenestration using a Lap-Protector, which does not require resection of the ribs, is comparable to that obtained using the conventional rib resection method. However, it causes significantly less pain at the incision site, and the gauze can be changed without pain because it is not in direct contact with the fenestration wound. Thus, fenestration using a Lap-Protector is a more convenient and effective technique than conventional fenestration with rib resection for poor risk patients with empyema.
- Bowline knot of a monofilament suture eliminates C-loop formation in intracorporeal ligation. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 17.
We describe how we developed a new method of tying an intracorporeal suture of monofilament material using a bowline knot, which eliminates the troublesome C-loop formation for winding the thread on the rod. The winding-forceps point to the site of suturing, and the needle end of the thread is placed under the rod of the forceps during the knot tying. This position allows for easy winding of the line even when the forceps-angle is as narrow as 10° because the winding-forceps and suture line are in parallel. This method resolves the problems of C-loop formation with a narrow forceps-angle. Thus, our bowline method of knot-tying provides an easy, secure, and rapid intracorporeal ligation requiring a short learning curve, as an alternative to the conventional C-loop method.
- Duodenal ulcer penetration into the superior mesenteric artery after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement for acute mesenteric ischemia: report of a case. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 17.
A 78-year-old male presented with the chief complaints of abdominal pain and vomiting. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and abdominal angiography showed occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery due to thrombosis, and emergency percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement were carried out. Two months later, stent thrombosis developed, and a second stent was placed. Eight months later, he complained of general fatigue and anorexia. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a duodenal ulcer at the third portion close to the superior mesenteric artery. Thirteen days after conservative management, duodenal ulcer penetration into the superior mesenteric artery with subsequent air embolism developed, and the patient died of multiple organ failure.
- Primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the liver: report of a case. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 17.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. They can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, and rarely outside the digestive tract. We herein report a case of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor that was resected from the liver of a 56-year-old male, which is the sixth description of a primary hepatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor. The tumor was shown to be completely limited within the liver by radiological, intraoperative and pathological examinations. The pathological results demonstrated an intermediate risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and immunohistochemical expression of CD117 was positive. Although rare, we suggested that GISTs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hepatic nodules, and that not all hepatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors should automatically be considered to be metastases from a primary gastrointestinal site.
- Treatment strategies for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. [JOURNAL ARTICLE]
- Surg Today 2013 May 16.
Although the treatment of gastric cancer improves the clinical outcomes, the survival of gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis is still very poor. Effective drugs against peritoneal metastasis, coupled with new therapeutic modalities, are needed to improve the prognoses of these patients. Paclitaxel and TS-1 are candidate drugs for peritoneal metastasis, and intraperitoneal chemotherapy and targeted therapy are potential new therapeutic modalities. Two phase II studies using TS-1 and intraperitoneal and systemic paclitaxel for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis showed respectable survival results. In addition, peritoneal metastatic lesions showed high levels of epithelial cellular adhesion molecule (ECAM) and very low levels of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), thus indicating that an anti-ECAM monoclonal antibody, catumaxomab, would be effective against gastric cancer-derived peritoneal metastasis. Although catumaxomab and intraperitoneally administered paclitaxel are not generally used in Japan at present, these treatment strategies might therefore be effectively used in Japan in the near future.